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Chapter 5 Paint Shop Pro

Outline
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Image Basics
5.3 File Formats: GIF or JPEG?
5.4 Tool Palette
5.5 Screen Capturing
5.6 Layers

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5.1 Introduction

Images liven up a Web page

Many images available on the Internet for free


download and use

Jasc Inc.s Paint Shop Pro included on CD

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5.2 Image Basics
Creating a basic title image
File menu New
New Image dialog box
Height (Pixels, Inches or Centimeters)
Width (Pixels, Inches or Centimeters)
Background color
Color depth: the maximum number of simultaneous colors
in the image
2 Colors (1 Bit)
16 Colors (4 Bit)
Greyscale (8 Bit)
256 Colors (8 Bit)
16.7 Million Colors (24 Bit)

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Creating a New Image in Paint Shop Pro

Image Dimensions
Dimension
measurement

Background color
Color depth

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5.2 Image Basics (II)
Creating a basic title image (continued)
Create a new image:
300 pixels wide
150 pixels high
8-bit color depth
White background
Color palette
Foreground color
Background color
Color wheel
Hue (color)
Lightness (amount of black vs. the amount of white)
Saturation (amount of color vs. the amount of Lightness)
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Creating a new image in Paint Shop Pro

Tool palette

Color palette

Zoom factor Foreground


color

Background
color

Switch
Foreground/B
ackground

Cursor coordinates Image statistics

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Selecting a new Color

Preset colors

Color selectors

RGB value

Hex value

Current color

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5.2 Image Basics (III)
Place text with text button on tool palette
Text dialog box
Font
Size
Style
Alignment
Antialias checkbox
Antialiasing: Smooths edges on scalable fonts
Blends color of the edge pixels with the color of the
background
Can only be used in 24-bit and greyscale images

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Adding Text to an image
Font Name Font Style Font Size

Antialias

Text Alignment

Floating selection Resulting image

Text window Preview window

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5.2 Image Basics (IV)
Image menu Effects submenu Drop Shadow
effect
Offset section
Vertical
Horizontal
Attributes section
Color
Opacity
Blur
Most people use 8-bit color depth when viewing Web sites
Using too many colors at once will create grainy images
Viewers browser dithers image
Reduce color depth by using Colors menuDecrease Color
Depth

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Adding a Drop Shadow to text
Color of Drop Shadow Opacity Blur amount

Preview window

Preview zoom Resulting image

Offsets

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Reducing Color Depth to 256 Colors

Type of
resulting
palette

Reduction method

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5.2 Image Basics (V)
Transparent image background
Colors menu Set Palette Transparency
Proof button to see a preview
Checkered background is Paint Shop Pros way of
indicating a transparent background
Save as CompuServe Graphics Interchange
(*.gif)
Can insert picture into HTML using <IMG> tag
Images developed for a certain background color
Usually must be redone if background color changes

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Setting image Transparency and testing
using the Proof button

Transparency
options

Proof of transparency

Proof button

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A comparison of white transparency on
white and grey backgrounds

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5.3 File Formats: GIF or JPEG?
2 major file formats used for images on the Web:
GIF and JPEG
GIF
Graphics Interchange Format
Developed by CompuServe
Based on palette of 256 colors
Best used in screenshots, line drawings, situations with sharp
edges
Has transparency
GIF file typically larger than JPEG
Dithering performed by Paint Shop Pro when reducing to 256
colors
Dithering can destroy quality of an image with hundreds
or thousands of colors
Lossless format

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5.3 File Formats: GIF or JPEG? (II)
JPEG
Lossy format
Can reduce the quality of image
Does not handle sharp edges and abrupt changes well
Both GIF and JPEG share interlacing (GIF
terminology) or progressive encoding (JPEG
terminology)
Downloads a rough whole image and gradually increases
clarity
Do not place too may interlaced images on a Web page
Slow the rendering of a page
Save Options: Interlacing/Progressive Encoding

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5.3 File Formats: GIF or JPEG? (III)
JPEG format has scalable compression
In Save Options dialog, Compression slider
Sliding to the left causes the image to retain high quality,
but file size also high
Sliding to the right causes file size to decrease, but image
quality suffers
PNG (Portable Network Graphics) format
Can encode in RGBA
A for alpha transparency
Makes images transparent against any background
Supported by Paint Shop Pro, Netscape Navigator,
Internet Explorer
http://www.w3.org/Graphics/PNG/

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Save Options for JPEG and GIF

Use Progressive Encoding Compression meter

Use Interlacing

JPEG Save Options GIF Save Options

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5.4 Tool Palette
Tool Palette
Zoom tool
Left-click to zoom in
Right-click to zoom out
Zoom factor displayed on the title bar
Zoom up to 16:1 and out to 1:16
Selection tool
Selects a rectangular region
Magic wand tool
Select all adjacent pixels of the same colors
Increasing Tolerance lets the tool select the color you clicked
as well as similar colors
Access by clicking tool control palette button on Tool Bar

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Paint Shop Pros Tool Bar and Tool Palette

Copy Paste Tool control palette Layer palette

Dropper Airbrush Shapes

Zoom Selection Magic wand Brush Flood fill Text Line

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Controls for the Magic wand tool

Brush Tip menu

Pixel Match Mode Selection Tolerance

Selection Feather

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5.4 Tool Palette (II)
Tool palette (continued)
Flood fill tool
Colors all the pixels in range
Gradient in control palette
Shapes tool
Filled Rectangle
Airbrush tool
Simulates brush strokes on a canvas
Customize in the control palette

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5.4 Tool Palette (III)
Tool palette (continued)
Dropper tool
Changes foreground or background color to any color present
in the image
Move dropper cursor over a color that you want and click
Left-click for foreground
Right-click for background
Avoid too many colors
Makes your site look confusing and erratic

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Creating a navigation bar
Create a rectangle and select it

Shapes tool Magic wand tool

Copy the rectangle 3 times

Copy and Paste As New Selection

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Creating a navigation bar (II)
Connect the rectangles with a line and select them

Lightly airbrush the rectangles with a texture


Line tool Magic wand tool

Airbrush with Lava texture

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Creating a navigation bar (III)
Add a Drop Shadow and text of the same color

Text tool Drop Shadow in blue

A completed navigation bar

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5.5 Screen Capturing
Capture menu Setup
Choose a type of area
Area gives you a cursor to capture a rectangle
Full screen captures the whole screen
Client area captures the input area of the active window
Window captures the whole active window (including title bar
and menus)
Object captures a specific object when you trigger the capture
(by clicking)
Method to capture
Default is right-click
Hot key
Delay timer

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Starting a screen capture

Method of
Capture

Include cursor
in Capture

Take Multiple
captures

Type of area to Capture

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5.6 Layers

An image can be composed of many layers


Each has its own attributes and effects on other layers
Makes composing complex images easier

Layer control palette button on the Tool Bar


Each layer occupies one row in the window
Layers are transparent by default

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A layer example
Converting deitel.gif to 24-bit color depth and viewing the layer control
palette

Layer name Visibility toggle Layer opacity Layer blend mode

Adding a new layer and airbrushing

Add layer

Current layer

Not selected Selected

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A layer example (II)
Setting options for the Cutout effect

Option to Fill
interior with
color

Interior color
to use

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A layer example (III)

Using layers to achieve a Cutout effect

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A layer example (IV)
Using layers for a negative image effect
Change the layer blend to Lighten

Lighten blend mode

Add a second layer; flood fill with Radial Gradient

Radial Gradient

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A layer example (V)
Change Layer2s blend mode to Difference to achieve a photographic
negative effect

Difference blend mode

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