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gases. Exposure to hazardous substances most frequently occurs when: • Machining • Welding • Painting • Cleaning and degreasing . liquids. mists and fumes can be present in the workplace. Solids. HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES  Hazardous Substances are used in many workplaces and take many different forms. A hazard may be defined as something that can cause harm.

WHEN MACHINING.  From contamination of your hands when eating or drinking.  by skin contact with dust or solutions containing these materials. fumes or mist containing these materials.  How can it get into your body?  by breathing in dust. WELDING. POLISHING OR GRINDING  nickel-copper and nickel-chrome alloys stainless steel and nickel alloys.  lead and lead alloys  copper alloys containing beryllium  cadmium-plated articles. . stainless steel and chromium alloys.

from isocyanate paints and glues • poisonings. such as lead poisoning. . The most common health effects from hazardous substances are: • skin diseases such as dermatitis from metalworking fluids and oils • lung problems. and • very rarely cancer. such as asthma. such as skin cancer from certain mineral oils.

for example. and • where prevention or control is insufficient on its own. local exhaust ventilation. . isolating or enclosing the process or. for example by using a less hazardous substances and a different process • Where prevention is not reasonably practicable. if this is not reasonably practicable. instruct and train employees • carry out air monitoring and health surveillance where necessary.THE CONTROL OF SUBSTANCES HAZARDOUS TO HEALTH REGULATIONS You must: • assess risk to your health • prevent exposure. provide personal protective equipment. • inform. control exposure by.