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Wind Solar Hybrid Generation


System with MPPT implementation

Mirza Fahad Baig 51


Tabish Imtiaz 57
Ali Shazan Gulrez 56
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Brief Overview
Introduction

Wind Generation System

Solar Generating System

Hybrid System Configuration

System Model

MPPT algorithms

Conclusion
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Introduction
A windPV hybrid generation system can offer higher
reliability to maintain continuous power output than any
other individual power generation systems. In those remote
or isolated areas, the stand-alone windPV hybrid
generation system is particularly valuable and attractive.
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Wind power generating system


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Photovoltaic Generating System

Solar energy is directly converted to electricity by the PV panels


and then controlled by a Boost Converter for the MPPT. This
PV power generation branch processes the merits of simple
structure and uncomplicated control.
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Hybrid System Configuration


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Salient Features
The hybrid system utilizes the battery tank and inverter to couple
the wind power and PV power branches.

The PV power can directly be used for dc field excitation of the


doubly excited PM generator.

Both subsystem of the hybrid generation system can


independently be controlled, hence achieving the MPPT
simultaneously.

The wind power and the PV power will complement one another
to some extent between day and night.
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System Models
MPPT for Wind power Generation Branch

: Wind power conversion efficiency factor

: wind speed : air density : blade pitch angle

: TSR
: angular speed of shaft
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Taking into account the transmission losses

If TSR takes specific value of and =0

is maximized as and is kept constant

The only variable is


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Generator speed Vs Rectifier output power


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For given efficiency maximum power can be determined by

According to chain rule

: rectifier output voltage : Electrical angular speed of generator


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Rectifier voltage is directly proportional to phase voltage

Thus

and
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For doubly excited PM brushless machine, its output voltage can


be regulated by simple tuning dc field current

: Electrochemical Coefficient : flux linkage


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DC field current control

The H bridge circuit functions to provide bi directional control of dc

field current
The amplitude of field current can easily be regulated by adjusting
the duty cycle
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Maximum Power Point Tracking


Initialization D1=D0 + del D
D0=D1

Measure Vrin
Measure Vr1 &
Ir1, Calculate
P1=Vr1xIr1

Vrin > Vmax


Vrin<Vmin

P1>P0

Activate S1 & S4 yes no


Del D= del D Del D= -del D
P0=P1 P1
P0=P1
Measure
Vro and Iro

no
Vro>Vrin
Activate S2
& S3

Calculate Measure
Power Vro & Iro
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System model of solar branch


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I-V characteristics of PV panel

It is observed that when the voltage increases, current goes down


Hence maximum power point occurs at corner point.
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Boost Converter
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Boost Converter operation

Boost converter takes the input voltage from photovoltaic panels and
convert it to a voltage high enough for inverter to convert it to AC.

By varying the duty cycle of Boost Converter Maximum power tracking


can be achieved. The duty cycle of the Boost Converter is digitally
adjusted so as that it always tracks the MPP.
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MPPT implementation: Perturb and Observe


method
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Advantages
PM brushless machine used has higher efficiencies than induction
generator

The doubly fed generator provides precise control and easy


implementation of MPPT .

Cost wise its economical than individual system of same potential.


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Conclusions
The paper proposes a new stand alone wind PV hybrid generating system.

The system can fully utilize the characteristics of proposed wind


generator and PV panels to extract maximum power

The MPPT of doubly excited PM brushless generator is achieved by


online tuning its dc field current

The MPPT of PV panels is achieved by online tuning the duty cycle of the
Boost converter.
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References
[1] S. Bruce, Y. B. Li, J. Z. Jiang, and S. Niu, Design and control of a
PM brushless hybrid generator for wind power application, International
journal of Industrial Power Electronics. vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 232-236 Oct. 2006.

[2] L. Jian, and K. T. Chau, A magnetic-geared outer-rotor permanent-


magnet brushless machine for wind power generation, IJSRP., vol. 5, no. 3,
pp. 5462, May/Jun. 2009.

[3] Chunhua Liu, K.T. Chau and Xiadong Zhang, An efficient Wind-
Photovoltaic Hybrid Generation System Using Doubly Excited Permanent
Magnet Brushless Machine, IEEE Trans on Industrial Electronics. vol .57,
no. 3, pp. 831-839, March 2010.
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Thank You