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## Wind Solar Hybrid Generation

System with MPPT implementation

Tabish Imtiaz 57
Ali Shazan Gulrez 56
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Brief Overview
Introduction

## Hybrid System Configuration

System Model

MPPT algorithms

Conclusion
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Introduction
A windPV hybrid generation system can offer higher
reliability to maintain continuous power output than any
other individual power generation systems. In those remote
or isolated areas, the stand-alone windPV hybrid
generation system is particularly valuable and attractive.
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## Solar energy is directly converted to electricity by the PV panels

and then controlled by a Boost Converter for the MPPT. This
PV power generation branch processes the merits of simple
structure and uncomplicated control.
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## Hybrid System Configuration

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Salient Features
The hybrid system utilizes the battery tank and inverter to couple
the wind power and PV power branches.

## The PV power can directly be used for dc field excitation of the

doubly excited PM generator.

## Both subsystem of the hybrid generation system can

independently be controlled, hence achieving the MPPT
simultaneously.

The wind power and the PV power will complement one another
to some extent between day and night.
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System Models
MPPT for Wind power Generation Branch

## : wind speed : air density : blade pitch angle

: TSR
: angular speed of shaft
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Thus

and
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## For doubly excited PM brushless machine, its output voltage can

be regulated by simple tuning dc field current

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## The H bridge circuit functions to provide bi directional control of dc

field current
The amplitude of field current can easily be regulated by adjusting
the duty cycle
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## Maximum Power Point Tracking

Initialization D1=D0 + del D
D0=D1

Measure Vrin
Measure Vr1 &
Ir1, Calculate
P1=Vr1xIr1

Vrin<Vmin

P1>P0

## Activate S1 & S4 yes no

Del D= del D Del D= -del D
P0=P1 P1
P0=P1
Measure
Vro and Iro

no
Vro>Vrin
Activate S2
& S3

Calculate Measure
Power Vro & Iro
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## It is observed that when the voltage increases, current goes down

Hence maximum power point occurs at corner point.
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Boost Converter
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## Boost Converter operation

Boost converter takes the input voltage from photovoltaic panels and
convert it to a voltage high enough for inverter to convert it to AC.

## By varying the duty cycle of Boost Converter Maximum power tracking

can be achieved. The duty cycle of the Boost Converter is digitally
adjusted so as that it always tracks the MPP.
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## MPPT implementation: Perturb and Observe

method
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PM brushless machine used has higher efficiencies than induction
generator

## The doubly fed generator provides precise control and easy

implementation of MPPT .

## Cost wise its economical than individual system of same potential.

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Conclusions
The paper proposes a new stand alone wind PV hybrid generating system.

## The system can fully utilize the characteristics of proposed wind

generator and PV panels to extract maximum power

## The MPPT of doubly excited PM brushless generator is achieved by

online tuning its dc field current

The MPPT of PV panels is achieved by online tuning the duty cycle of the
Boost converter.
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References
[1] S. Bruce, Y. B. Li, J. Z. Jiang, and S. Niu, Design and control of a
PM brushless hybrid generator for wind power application, International
journal of Industrial Power Electronics. vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 232-236 Oct. 2006.

## [2] L. Jian, and K. T. Chau, A magnetic-geared outer-rotor permanent-

magnet brushless machine for wind power generation, IJSRP., vol. 5, no. 3,
pp. 5462, May/Jun. 2009.

[3] Chunhua Liu, K.T. Chau and Xiadong Zhang, An efficient Wind-
Photovoltaic Hybrid Generation System Using Doubly Excited Permanent
Magnet Brushless Machine, IEEE Trans on Industrial Electronics. vol .57,
no. 3, pp. 831-839, March 2010.
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Thank You