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part of Aker

Part II: Subsea Production Systems


Presented by: Mohd Zaini Kadir Tie-In Manager,
Subsea System
April 2011

2009 Aker Solutions 2008 Aker Solutions


Content
1. Part II: Subsea Production System

Flowline
Xmas Trees Connection Subsea Control
Manifold Structure
Systems Systems Systems
(Tie-In System)

Steel Tube
Umbilical

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Oil & Gas - From reservoir to processing facility
1 Land-based production and
processing
2 Terminals
3 Marine concrete structures for
harsh environments 3 1
5 2
4 Floating production, storage & 6 4
offloading (FPSO) vessels
5 Mooring and transfer systems 7

6 Floating LNG and methanol 12


systems 11
8
7 Drilling systems 10 13
8 Tension Leg Platforms (TLP)
9 Riser and tether technologies 9 14
16
10 Semisubmersibles
11 Deep draft semisubmersibles 15

12 LNG terminals, onshore and


offshore
13
Topsides and modules 17
14 Installation and removal
(floatover/mating) 19
15 18
Jacket technology
20
16 Pipelines and flow assurance
17 Subsea solutions
18
Umbilicals and flowlines
19 Downhole technologies
20 Reservoir modelling and
interpretation

Concept
Exploration Operation Rem-
screening FEED EPC Inst.
& drilling oval
& selection Maint. Mod. Maint.
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Introduction to Subsea World

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Subsea Areas of Operation

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Subsea Production System

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Subsea Field Developments
Manifolds and Field Developments
Satellites Well off by itself.

Daisy Chain wells linked together in series.

Integrated Template wells drilled thru manifold structure.

Cluster group wells surrounding manifold.

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Subsea Field Developments
1. Satellite Wells
Subsea wells installed individually on the
XMT #1 seabed, with dedicated flowlines back to
XMT #2 a surface processing facility.
XMT #3 Advantages:

Simple and cheap

XMT #4 Flexible
Pay as you go
Field proven technology
Expandable
Disadvantages:

Dedicated flowlines/ Umbilicals.


Complex flowline hook-up
Complex controls distribution.
Platform

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Subsea Field Developments
2. Daisy Chain Wells
Subsea wells installed separately and
XMT#1
linked to an adjacent subsea well,
possibly sharing a test flowline.
Advantages:

Similar to satellites
XMT#2
XMT#3 Simple and cheap
Flexible
Expandable
Possibly fewer flowlines than for
satellites
Disadvantages:

Complex controls distribution


Flowline needed for each well
Platform
Deviated drilling may be needed.

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Subsea Field Developments
2. Daisy Chain Wells

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Subsea Field Developments
3. Integrated Templates
Subsea wells installed on a pre-positioned
XMT#3 XMT#1

XMT#4 XMT#2
Manifold drilling template on the seabed. Each well
having a dedicated flowline to surface.
Advantages:

Common datum for wells.


Flowline porch for multiple connections.
Manifold can be added later.
Disadvantages:

Dedicated flowlines / Umbilicals may be


used.
Limited slots available.
Pre-production investment in template
Platform necessary.

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Subsea Field Developments
3. Integrated Templates

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Subsea Field Developments
4. Cluster Manifold Subsea satellites wells installed
individually linked to a central manifold
XMT#3 where production is commingled.
Advantages:
XMT#1
Flexibility of satellites.
Fewer flowlines.
Manifold Centralized controls system.
Advantageous fro dropped object
avoidance.
XMT#2
Disadvantages:

Complex flowline connection.


Subsea chokes.
Limited Slots for production tie-in.
Platform

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Subsea Field Developments
4. Cluster Manifolds

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Subsea Production System
Subsea Facilities
Trees and components
Monobore Vertical Tree
Dual bore
Horizontal Tree
Manifolds and Components
Flowline and Jumper Systems

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Subsea Tree

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Xmas Tree Systems

Xmas Tree Functions:


Safety barrier
Safely stop produced or injected
fluid
Injection of chemicals to well or
flowline
Allow for control of downhole
valves
Allow for electrical signals to
downhole gauges
To bleed of excessive pressure
from annulus
Regulate fluid flow through a
choke (not mandatory)
Allow for well intervention
Xmas Tree (FKS, Girassol):

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Subsea Production System
Subsea Tree Types

Vertical Tree Vertical Tree Horizontal Tree


Concentric Bore Dual Bore Tree

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X-Mas Tree System
Workover interface

XT Schematic
PMV Production Master Valve
PTT
PWV Production Wing Valve
AMV Annulus Master Valve
ACV
AVV
AWV Annulus Wing Valve PMV PTT

ACV Annulus Circulation Valve Control XOV

Module
XOV Cross Over Valve PWV

AWV
SCSSV Surface Controlled AMV Manifold/Flow-
Subsurface Safety Valve line I/F

PTT Pressure/Temperature
Transmitter Umbilical /
HP Supply Manifold
I/F
LP Supply
Return

SCSSV 1

SCSSV 2

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X-Mas Tree System

Annulus
Retain packer fluid
Allow for continuous injection of
chemicals downhole
Allow for hydraulic fluid to downhole
valves
Allow for electrical signals to
downhole gauges
Allow for gas injection for gas lift
production
Monitor for leak in production tubing

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X-Mas Tree System

Two main types of subsea trees are used in modern offshore technology:
1. Horizontal XT
2. Conventional or Dual Bore tree

Tree cap

Wire line plugs Swab


Valve
PWV

PMV

Tubing Hanger

Horizontal XT Dual Bore XT


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Subsea Production System

The Tap
To isolate and
regulate flow
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Subsea Production System

Production XMT
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Subsea Production System

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Subsea Production System

Water Injection XMT


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Landing Tree

Movie

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Subsea Production System
Manifold Introduction

Definition: Subsea Production Manifold


A subsea structure containing valves and pipework designed to
combine the fluids of one or more subsea production Christmas
trees and to direct the fluids down one or more export flow lines.

Definition: Subsea Injection Manifold


A subsea structure containing valves and pipework designed to
distribute injection fluids from one or more injection flow lines to
one or more subsea injection Christmas trees. Injection fluids may
be water, natural gas or both.

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Subsea Production System
Manifold Types
Template Manifold a drill-through structure designed to house
multiple subsea christmas trees.
Cluster Manifold a stand-alone structure designed to direct fluids
for multiple subsea Christmas trees placed around it.
Pipeline End Manifold (PLEM) a simpler version of a cluster
manifold generally designed to direct fluids for only or two subsea
Christmas trees. A PLEM generally connects directly to a subsea
flow line without the use of a pipeline end termination (PLET).

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Subsea Production System
Template Manifold

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Subsea Production System
Cluster Manifold

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Subsea Production System
Pipeline End Manifold (PLEM)

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Manifold System Deepwater - Components

Manifold

Leveling system

Suction Anchor

Control System

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Manifold System Deepwater

Manifold
Control system
Tie-in system
Large-bore Piping
Small-bore Piping
Structure

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Manifold System Deepwater

Piping Small- and Large-bore

MCM MB
Branch Valve Cluster
Small-bore envelope

ROV-Panel
Header
Branch

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Manifold System Deepwater

VCM on MF Top Tie-in systems


( Reliance )
Possible tie-in systems on standard manifold

VCM with Guide-rails


( Kikeh ) VCM no guide
( Marimba )
GHO Solid Jumper
( Dalia )
GHO Flexible Jumper
( Gimboa )

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Manifold System Deepwater

Leveling System

Manifold

Funnel-down

Mono-post Vent./suction hatch

Suction anchor

Mono-post Support ( Kikeh )

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Aker Solutions Subsea Structures installed 2003 - 2006

Kristin Templates 2003 Kristin Manifolds 2004

Fram st Templates
2005

Dalia Manifolds 2005 Kikeh Manifolds 2006


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Subsea Production System
Manifold Deployment Methods
Vessels

Drill Rig : Through moon pool or keel-hauled on drill string.


Heavy Lift vessels (Derrick Barges): Through moon pool or over
side
Work-class vessels: over side on crane or winch.
Equipment

Manifold hydraulic installation tool.


Sling sets, either wire rope or synthetic fiber.

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Manifold System Deepwater
Moon Pool Deployment

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Manifold System Deepwater
Work Vessel Deployment

Movie

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Subsea Production System
Foundation Types
Mud Mats A simple foundation resting directly on the seabed,
generally with a short skirt around the perimeter to resist lateral
loads.
Piles long cylindrical structure embedded into the soil intended to
hold a subsea structure above the seabed. Foundation may utilize
one or more individual piles.
Jetted Piles
Driven Piles
Suction Piles
Intermediate Structure an intermediate structure can be used to
interface a subsea manifold with a pile foundation to reduce weight
on the manifold structure or to ease retrieval on the manifold.
Intermediate structures can be either retrievable or permanent
structures.
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Manifold System Deepwater
Manifold with Mudmat

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Manifold System Deepwater
Tri-Suction Pile

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Manifold System Deepwater
Single Cylinder Suction Pile

Lifting-eye

Top-plate with
Stiffeners inside

Ventilation hatch with


Suction system

Shell plates

Ventilation holes

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Flowline Tie-in System
As subsea developments are going deeper with higher pressure and
increased temperatures, the cost increases accordingly. In the past
few
years Aker Solutions has developed connection systems to meet
market expectations in terms of cost as well as safety and reliability for
any conditions.

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Flowline Tie-in System
Introduction
Definition: Flowline tie-in Connection of a flowline to a subsea
facility. This includes connection to any of the following subsea
facilities:
Trees

Manifolds

Templates

PLET (Pipeline End Termination)

PLEM (Pipeline End Monifolds)

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Flowline Tie-in System
Jumper Functionality
Connect flowlines to manifolds and manifolds to trees

Contain rated working pressures.

Accommodates thermal expansion, contraction and misalignment.

Insulated for hydrate prevention


Manifold

Tree

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Aker Solutions Connection systems
Vertical
Vertical Connection System (VCM / VCS)

Horizontal VCS
Guide & Hinge-Over (GHO)
Horizontal Connection System (HCS)
Big Brother RTS (BBRTS)
ROV operated Tie-in System (RTS)

HCS

BBRTS RTS GHO

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Vertical Connection Systems (VCM)

No connection tool required


Only torque tool
Contingecy Pull down tool
ROV make up by standard torque tool
Clamp or Split Ring Connector
Gooseneck or Swivel connection
First and second end connection
Water depth 3000 m.

Connection Tooling

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Vertical Connection Systems (VCM)
Vertical Connection Systems
1st or 2nd end connections
Applicable for umbilicals, flexible
or rigid lines
ROV make up by torque tool or
hydraulic tool module VCM WITH SWIVEL DUAL BORE VCM
SINGLE BORE VCM
WITH GOOSENECK
FOR RIGID JUMPER
Clamp or collet connector (mono
or multi bore)
Gooseneck or Swivel connection
(Piggable or non piggable)

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Vertical Connection System (VCS)
Seal retained in upper hub/connector well
protected
Seal Replacement and Hub cleaning without
retrieving the jumper
No Large Running tool required

Minimum requirement of ROV tools

Fast Installation

Multiple jumper installations can be performed


with connection tools remaining subsea
No guide rail on structures required

High Load capacity

Applicable for Rigid, Flexible & Umbilical lines

8 deg alignment capacity for rigid jumpers


and up to 15 deg for flexible/umbilical Quick & Easy
Installation
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VCS Installation Sequence

1 2 3

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Horizontal Connection systems (HCS)
Big Brother RTS (BBRTS)
ROV operated Tie-in System (RTS)
Guide & Hinge-Over (GHO)
Horizontal Connection System (HCS)

BBRTS

GHO HCS RTS

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Guide & Hinge Over (GHO)

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Now we
need to
connect
the tree
to the
manifold

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Well Jumper & Flowline Spool Installation

Animation
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Horizontal Connection System (HCS)

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Horizontal Connection System (HCS)
High degree of re-use from field-proven GHO
(Dalia) design.
Designed for installation with guidewire to
accommodate for harsh weather conditions
Applicable for guidewire-less installation
Quick, easy changes to switch between
guidewire and guidewire-less
Applicable for Shallow Water and Deep
Water
High load capacity compared to RTS
Applicable for Rigid, Flexible or Umbilical
lines
Allow retrieval of XT/ manifold without
removal of the spool/jumper
Seal Replacement and Hub cleaning without
retrieving the jumper.
Only using lightweight ROV carried tools.

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HCS Rigid Spool Installation
3
1 2

4 5 1. Lower termination until landed on


porch
2. Disconnect spreader beam
3. Stroke termination towards IB hub
using ROV carried stroke tool
4. Close clamp with ROV carried
torque tool
5. Perform back-seal test
connection completed

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Subsea Control System

(Pigging Loop)

Well jumpers
Umbilical Flowline Spool

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Subsea Control System
What does a Control System Do?
Subsea items Controlled by the system

Low pressure Valves ( tree, manifold)


High Pressure Valves (downhole safety valves)
Chokes
Chemical Metering Valves
Subsea items Monitored by the system

Temperature
Pressure
Choke Position
Flow rates Oil & Gas & Multiphase

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Subsea Control System
What does a Control System Do?
Typical Subsea devices connected to the system

Down Hole Gauges

Multiphase & Wet Gas Flow Meters

Venturi Flow meters

Sand Detectors

Hydrocarbon Leak Detectors

Chemical injection valves

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Subsea Control System

Subsea Control
Module (SCM)

Chemical
Injection
SCM Mounting
Throttle Valve
Base

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Hydraulic
Distribution

Manifold Control
Module (MCM)

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Subsea Control System

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Multiplexed Control system

MCS EPU HPU Chemical Inj.

TUTU

Umbilical

SUTU SDU Manifold


Equipment

Tree Equipment Tree Equipment

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Subsea Control System - Topside Equipment

Electrical Power Unit

iCon Subsea Control Unit

Hydraulic Power Unit

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Subsea Control System Connected (MCS Based)

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Bringing it all together opening the tap

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Subsea Umbilicals Connect the system together
Industry leading track record
332 Umbilicals
2540 km since 1993
Extensive Experience in Deepwater Umbilicals (Dynamic/Static)
28 projects in 1000 to 2900m water depth the last 6 years

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Subsea Steel Tube Umbilical Concept

Characteristic of Subsea Umbilical

Internal plastic profiles


Separate conduits
Elements free floating radial
clearance
Low lay angle (about 2 deg)
Low frictional effect
Steel tubes = armouring
Extruded outer jacket

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Subsea Deep water Dynamic umbilical options

Central Steel Member Multiple Steel Members Carbon Fiber Rods


Carbon Fibre technology
Carbon Fibre Rod technology is developed and available within AK Subsea umbilicals to the
market today
Carbon Fibre provides a low weight, high stiffness and high strength solution. It is excellent for
stress reduction in deep water applications, where umbilical components self weight become the
main stress parameter
The Carbon Fibre Rods work very efficiently in the AK Subsea umbilical design as the low lay-
angle ensures direct action. This eliminates stiffness reduction from the effect of helical
closing-up or stiffness loss caused by the radial effects within high lay-angle umbilicals.
The inclusion of carbon fibre provides a low cost method to reduce stress and improve fatigue
life in all components.
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Integrated Production Umbilical
Reduce investment by reducing CAPEX and OPEX
Combining flowline and umbilical

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Loading of Umbilical

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Subsea Processing and Boosting
PUMP STATION:
What can we do when we loose pressure 9.1m x 3.7m x 6.8m, 70 Tonnes

in the system and cant recover the oil or gas?

How can we make the system more efficient


by processing the product closer to the
seabed?

Record breaking subsea multiphase booster pump

How can we increase


product recovery
from subsea wells?

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Subsea Boosting and Processing Solutions

Multiphase pumping
MultiBooster System

Raw seawater injection


SeaBooster System

Gas/Liquid separation and


liquid pumping
DeepBooster System

Two or three phase gravity


separation
FlexSEP System

Dry or wet gas compression


GasBooster System

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Aker Solutions Subsea - Global Reach
This last video shows where Aker Solutions Subsea are active in
markets worldwide

Animation

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part of Aker

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Copyright
Copyright of all published material including photographs, drawings and images in this document remains vested in
Aker Kvaerner and third party contributors as appropriate. Accordingly, neither the whole nor any part of this document
shall be reproduced in any form nor used in any manner without express prior permission and applicable
acknowledgements. No trademark, copyright or other notice shall be altered or removed from any reproduction.

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Disclaimer

This Presentation includes and is based, inter alia, on forward-looking information and statements that are subject to
risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ. These statements and this Presentation are based on
current expectations, estimates and projections about global economic conditions, the economic conditions of the
regions and industries that are major markets for Aker Kvrner ASA and Aker Kvrner ASAs (including subsidiaries
and affiliates) lines of business. These expectations, estimates and projections are generally identifiable by
statements containing words such as expects, believes, estimates or similar expressions. Important factors that
could cause actual results to differ materially from those expectations include, among others, economic and market
conditions in the geographic areas and industries that are or will be major markets for Aker Kvaerners businesses, oil
prices, market acceptance of new products and services, changes in governmental regulations, interest rates,
fluctuations in currency exchange rates and such other factors as may be discussed from time to time in the
Presentation. Although Aker Kvrner ASA believes that its expectations and the Presentation are based upon
reasonable assumptions, it can give no assurance that those expectations will be achieved or that the actual results
will be as set out in the Presentation. Aker Kvrner ASA is making no representation or warranty, expressed or
implied, as to the accuracy, reliability or completeness of the Presentation, and neither Aker Kvrner ASA nor any of
its directors, officers or employees will have any liability to you or any other persons resulting from your use.
The Aker Kvaerner group consists of many legally independent entities, constituting their own separate identities. Aker
Kvaerner is used as the common brand or trade mark for most of these entities. In this presentation we may
sometimes use Aker Kvaerner, Group, we or us when we refer to Aker Kvaerner companies in general or where
no useful purpose is served by identifying any particular Aker Kvaerner company.

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