You are on page 1of 10

Teaching Exceptional

Its YOUR Responsibility!
Get ready
Disability vs. Handicap
A disability is a difficulty or inability a
person has to do something specific like
walk, hear, or speak.
Consider these as difficulties with sensory
input or output / expression of knowledge or
A disability becomes a handicap when it
prevents a person from performing a
function in a particular environment.
What is the Special Needs

NCLD (2009). The state of learning disabilities. Retrieved from
The AAMR states that a
Mental Retardation diagnosis of mental
retardation must
combine both I.Q. and
Clinical levels of retardation: significantly below
Mild: IQ = 50 to 70 average adaptive skills.
(Eggen and Kauchak, 2002)
Moderate: IQ = 35 to 49
Severe: IQ < 35
Pervasive Extensive Limited Intermittent

Separate school Resource rooms Regular classroom

Facilities or group and/or special Resource room
homes classes

(Severe Moderate Mild)

Mildly Handicapped Most Likely
to be found in the classroom
Mildly mentally retarded
IQ greater than 50 and less than 85
Specific learning disabilities
Most prevalent is Attention Deficit with
Others related to input or processing
IQ of LD students is in the normal range
Behavior disorders
Cross-categorical Special
Education Programs
These are programs where special needs
students of all kinds are grouped in a
single facility (room) for assistance.

What do you think about this practice?

PL 94-142, IDEA and
Provides for due process through parental
Protection against discrimination in testing
Least Restrictive Environment
Participants in the IEP are Parents, Teachers,
Special Educators, Student, and school
administration (or their agents)
Discrepancy vs. RTI
Discrepancy Response to Intervention
(Based on Differences Teachers in regular
between) classrooms base
Intelligence and achievement recommendations about
Intelligence and CR placement in increasingly
achievement specialized situations
Subtests on either intelligence upon the students
or achievement tests response to a multi-tiered
Performance in one area that set of interventions.
should predict another area.
Identifying and working with LD
students: Whose job is it?
Identification Classroom teacher
Referral Classroom teacher
Testing Measurement specialist
Prescription Sp. Ed. Team
IEP Developed Sp. Ed. Team
Instruction Classroom teacher
Characteristics of students with
Learning Disabilities
Hyperactivity and fidgeting
Lack of coordination and balance

Attention deficits

Disorganization and easily distracted

Lack of follow-through on assignments

Uneven performance (does well in one

area but not in another).

Again, intelligence of these students is in
the NORMAL range