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India at a glance

1. India is known as a sub-
continent
a) Sub-continent: A large, self-
contained landmass that is
part of a continent.
2. Northern Indian border is
made of the Himalayan
mountains and Thar desert
3. Southern India is bordered
by the Indian Ocean
India’s rivers
1. The Indian subcontinent has
12 major rivers
2. Civilization began along the
Indus river (1,980 miles)–
now in neighboring Pakistan
a) Home to one of the earliest
civilizations
3. The Ganges is the longest
river in India (1,569 miles)
a) Many see the river itself as a
goddess – center to the Hindu
faith
b) The fifth-most polluted river
in the world
India’s Great Plain
1. Extremely fertile area in
northern and eastern
India
a) Fed by the Indus and
Ganges rivers
2. The plain is one of the
most densely populated
areas on earth
a) Nearly one billion
people live in the region
b) Densely populated:
people living in a
crowded area
India’s Northern
border
1. The Thar desert forms the
northwestern border of India
a) World’s seventh-largest desert
2. The Hindu Kush and
Himalaya mountains form the
northern and northeastern
borders
1. Highest and youngest
mountains in the world
2. Contains world’s highest
mountain – Mt. Everest
(29,029)
3. These features effectively
sealed off India from the rest
of Asia for centuries
1. Second most populous country
India’s people in the world
a) 1.25 billion people in
2. 50% of India’s population is
under 25
3. India for centuries lived under
the Caste system
a) Everyone was born into a
group or “caste,” with no room
for change.
b) Castes determined peoples
roles in life – who was a
preacher, solider, merchant,
etc.
4. Today the caste system not
official, but still traditional
India’s plateau’s
1. The east and west coasts of
India are bordered by low
mountains, called the Ghats
a) These mountains prevent rain
from reaching central India
2.Much of central India is located
on the Deccan Plateau
a) Has a hot & dry climate, but
not a desert
b)Has a monsoon climate – only
the monsoon rains are strong
enough to reach over the Ghats.