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History of Nursing Education

Reported by:
Camille Honeyleith L. Fernando, RN
HOW DID NURSING START?
WHERE DID IT BEGIN?
WHO FOUNDED NURSING?
WHAT IS NURSING?
______________________________?
ANCIENT CIVILIZATION
NURSING WAS NOTED
TO BE AS OLD AS TIME.

IT BASICALLY STARTED
FROM :

INSTINCT

HUMAN NATURE

NURTURING

CARING

NURSING
EGYPTIAN RITES
HEALTH AND
HEALING
BELIEFS OF
ANCIENT
CIVILIZATION
.

SUPERSTITIO
N AND
BLACK
MAGIC

INJURIES
FROM WARS
AND OTHER
TRAGIC
EVENTS.
BIBLICAL RECORDS
JESUS
HEALING THE
WOUNDED
AND THE
INFLICTED

GOOD
SAMARITAN
LAW
CHRISTIAN ORGANIZATIONS AND ORDERS
CRUSADES
Knights of St. John of Sisters of Charity
Jerusalem
Monastic Orders
CHRISTIAN ORGANIZATION AND
ORDERS
Order of the Founders of the
Deaconesses Order

..and one of the students of this training


school is
A lady named
Florence
Nightingale

An English lady from a wealthy


family during the Victorian era
During the Crimean War- known to
be the Lady with the Lamp
A nursing theorist, writer and
statistician.
Prior to Florence Nightingale
Is the Dark Age for Nursing because

Nursing is considered as
Who are the nurses?

Women of lowest social standing

A very low job in terms of social Wayward women of low status,


hierarchy. instead of going to prison, they
were asked to served as nurses.
A job for the uneducated and
monastic women or untrained
poor.
helpers of low repute.
A desperate occupation.
Poor unmarried woman with no
family or no chance of getting
married.
FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE
Changed the image
of nursing

Dubbed as the Lady with the


Lamp
FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE
School of Nursing Nightingale Training School
at St. Thomas Hospital

In 1860, Nightingale laid the


foundation of professional nursing
when the first school of nursing was
established.
Entry into Practice: Diploma
Programs for Registered
Nursing
Diploma programs are the oldest and most
traditional type of nursing education in the
United States. These programs are two to
three years in duration and provide nursing
education primarily in the hospital setting.
Graduates of these programs receive a
diploma as opposed to a college degree.
Most diploma programs are now affiliated
with colleges or universities that grant
college credit for certain courses.
History of Diploma Nursing
In the beginning nursing education
consisted of on-the-job training based
mainly on the specific needs of the hospital
in which the school of nursing was housed,
not on the learning needs of the individual
student. In other words, nursing students
provided cheap or free labor.
The apprenticeship differed in quality and
length. The size of the hospital influenced
the experience of the nursing student.
Larger hospital offered more exposure to a
variety of clinical experience.
Standardization of nursing program was not
considered until the 1940s.

The theory classes taught in these early nursing


schools were generally laid out in blocks of study that
included medical nursing, surgical nursing, psychiatric
nursing, obstetrics, pediatrics, operating room and
emergency department, in addition to classes in
anatomy, physiology, nutrition, pharmacology and
history of nursing.

Nursing students would work additional hours in a


hospital unit. A typical day could be 12 hours or more
in length. Nursing students covered all three shifts.
What is the Educational Preparation
of the Diploma Graduate?
The current preparation of a diploma nurse
varies in length from 1-3 years. The type of
program may be under the direction of the
hospital or incorporated independently.
Graduates of diploma programs are
prepared to function as beginning
practitioners in acute, intermediate, long-
term and ambulatory health care facilities.
Graduates of diploma program are also
prepared for beginning supervisory or
management positions in their hospital
setting.
The advantages of diploma programs include
having nursing instructors who are actively
involved in clinical practice.
Graduates of diploma program have the
greatest amount of clinical experience in a
hospital setting. Because there is a close
relationship between the nursing school and
the hospital, graduates are well prepared to
function in that institution; on graduation
many students are employed by that
hospital and therefore experience an easier
role transition.
In diploma schools, theory and clinical
practice are introduced concurrently.
Diploma nursing students are offered
nursing theory equivalent to that offered in
the RN preparatory schools.

Furthermore nursing courses in


baccalaureate program usually are limited
to the last two academic years or
approximately 18months , while diploma
schools offer 24-36 months of nursing
theory and practice.
Is Nursing A Profession?

YES A
VERY
NOBLE PROFESSION
The EVOLUTION OF THE NURSING
PROFESSION

FROM TO
ITS JUST LIKE THIS..
Through the years
Nursing has gone a long way

Because of
her legacy..
FLORENCE
NIGHTINGALE

Founder of
Modern Nursing
THANK YOU!

Jed Ray Montayre, RN, MSN, PhD(c)


February 2013