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Today, we are

going to study
comparisons.
KIND OF DEGREE COMPARISON

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Part 1: Positive
Degree
DEGREE OF QUALITY
The adjective or adverb is in
positive form showing that two
persons or things are the same
two nouns having the same
quality.
The common conjunction used
is asas.
Example :
John is as strong as James.
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DEGREE OF INEQUALITY
The adjective or adverb is in
positive form showing that
two persons or things are not
the same two nouns not
having the same quality.
Example :
Peter is not as (so) fast as
Paul
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Part 2: Coperative
Degree
The suffix er should
be used when you are
comparing two things
and the adjective has
one syllable.
The dog is bigger
than the cat.
big bigger
The suffix er can be used
with some 2 syllable
words when you are
comparing two things
He is happier than his
brother.
happy happier
(remember to change the y to an I before adding a
suffix.)
Add er to most two
syllable adjectives
that end in
-y
-ple
ble
Examples:

jolly jollier
simple simpler
humble
humbler
Progressive Degree
Two adjectives or adverbs are being
compared to show that one
continues to increase (or decrease)
when the other increases (or
decreases).
The adjective or adverb is in its
comparative form with the definite
article the before it.
Example :
The steeper the hill, the more
difficult it is to push the rock up!
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Parallel Degree
The quality or quantity of the
adjective
. or adverb continues to
increase (or decrease) as the time
passes.
The adjective or adverb in its
comparative form is repeated
using the conjunction and.
Example :
The days are getting hotter and
hotter.
It is getting hotter and hotter day 12
Part 3:
Superlative
Degree
A Superlative
The suffix est should be
used when you are
comparing three or more
than things and the
adjective has one syllable.

The dog is the biggest of all


the pets.
big biggest
The suffix est should can
be used with some 2
syllable words when you
are comparing three or
more things
Of the three brothers, he is
the happiest.
happy happiest
(remember to change the y to an I before adding a
suffix. )
You can add est to some two
syllable adjectives. These
adjective end in y, -ple and
ble.

jolly jolliest
simple simplest
humble humblest
Part 4: Using
More and Most
in Comparisons
Comparative Adjectives
With longer adjectives
Use more before the
adjective instead of adding er
when comparing two things.
Longer adjectives have more
than two syllables and include
some two syllable words.
Example:
Science is more
interesting than
handwriting.

The boy is more


thoughtful than his
sister.
Superlative Adjectives
With longer adjectives
Use most before the
adjective instead of adding
est when comparing more
than two things.
Longer adjectives have more
than two syllables and include
some two syllable words.
Example:
Math is the most
interesting subject of
all.
The brown recluse spider
is the most venomous of
all its species.
Part 5: Making
Comparisons Using
Irregular Adjectives
The regular way to make comparative and superlative
adjectives is to add er or -est or to use more or most. A
small number of adjectives, however, are irregular and some
of these can be regular or irregular. The most common ones
are listed here:

Irregular
Comparative Superlative
adjective
good better best
bad worse worst
Far further furthest
old elder eldest