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ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY

Four Probe Method


Electrical resistivity () measurements are carried out by
the standard four-probe method over the temperature 8-300
K. Four platinum (Pt) electric leads are attached with silver
paint/indium soldering on rectangular bar of specimens cut
from sintered pellets with uniform cross section, as shown in
Figure right side.
is obtained from = RA/L, where R is resistance, A is
area of cross section, and L is length between voltage leads. Schematic diagram of
resistivity measurement
General Description
Closed cycle refrigerator (CCR) systems provide a
convenient means of cooling samples to temperatures
below 10 K. CCR systems require no liquid nitrogen as a
source of cooling. Instead, a closed loop of helium gas
is compressed and expanded.
The electrical resistivity system include the
following components : cold head, gas lines, optional
temperature controller, and compressor.

Diagram of the Setup of


Resistivity Measurement
Pump
RMC-Cryosystems System Interconnections
Thermometer
Prepare Sample CJ-LR 400 GPIB PC AT Program
the sample space Adapter Control Data Output

7001 Switch LR-400 Fore-Wire


AC Resistance Bridge
System
CTI-Cryogenics
(MODEL 22)

Experimental Results

Electrical resistivity as a function of Electrical resistance as a function of


temperature for La2-xSrxCuO4 temperature for LiTi2O4