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Sadara Elevated Work Presentation

Agenda Topics

General Requirements for Elevated Work

Roles & Requirements
Understand Prevention/Fall Protection
Non-Critical & Critical Elevated Work
Life Critical Guards
Grating Inspections and Requirements
Transportation Equipment Elevated Work

Elevated Work
VIDEO: Fall Protection Incident (01)

Fall from Leading Edge Work

1. To emphasize the importance of fall safety and
consequences as a result of falls to lower level.

2. To provide you with a basic understanding of

Sadara requirements for performing elevated work.

3. To inform you of resources available to increase

your working knowledge of Sadara elevated work

4. To help prevent fall events and their associated


What is Elevated Work?

As Defined by the Elevated Work Standard.

Working within 1.8 meters (6 feet) of a drop of
1.8 meters (6 feet) or more when measured
from the lowest part of the body.
Some examples include:
The use of ladders when the users feet are 1.8
meters (6
feet) or higher above grade, or use of any
ladder within 1.8
meters (6 feet) of a 1.8 meter (6 feet) or more
fall height.
Work on certain transportation equipment (tank
trucks, rail
cars, etc.). 5
What is Elevated Work cont

Elevated Work Examples,

Working within 1.8 meters (6 feet) of the
edge of a flat roof.
Work within 4.5 meters (15 feet) of the
edge of a low-sloped roof (slope of less
than 4 on 12).
Any work on steep roofs.
Work over dangerous equipment or
hazards, regardless of the height.
Any work that creates a fall hazard (i.e.
removing grating or guardrails or
creating an opening through which a
person may fall more than 1.8 meters
6 (6
Fall Arrest - The term used to describe fall protection systems that stop a fall after it has
initiated. Note: Design of anchorage points must be more stringent for fall arrests than for fall
restraint systems.

Fall Restraint - The term used to describe fall prevention systems that prevents a fall from
occurring (person cannot go beyond the leading edge of the fall hazard).

Floor opening - An opening measuring 30 cm (12 in) or more in its least dimension, in any
platform, pavement, or yard through which persons may fall; such as a hatchway, stair or ladder
opening, pit, or large manhole. Floor openings occupied by elevators, conveyors, machinery, or
containers are excluded from this definition.

Qualified Grating Inspector - A person who has completed the training

Scaffold Tent - An enclosure built with scaffold members supporting it. A tarp is typically used
to form the enclosure. Such tents are typically used for weather protection of equipment by
construction workers. Scaffold members are used to build the tent structure over which a
tarpaulin is pulled. The tent is the combination of the frame structure and tarpaulin. The fall risk
is a combination of building the structure and/or from pulling the tarpaulin ( e.g. wind load)
over an existing structure.

General Requirements

No personnel are allowed to perform elevated

work unless they:
Have the required training, knowledge and skills.
Are protected from falls at all times.
They may be protected via:
Fall prevention systems such as guardrails, hole
covers, fall
restraint systems or fall arrest systems.

Any job requiring elevated work will need to be

properly planned.

There are different methods for planning Critical and

Non-Critical elevated work at Sadara. These
will be
General Requirements cont

If any work creates a fall hazard (e.g., removal of

grating), the personnel doing the work must protect
other personnel by:
Installing temporary guardrails, or
Installing hole covers, or
Preventing other personnel from accessing
the area.
Equipment used for fall prevention, protection or
elevated work must:
Meet Sadara specifications
Be used in accordance with the manufacturer's
Any changes to structures, walkways,
General Requirements cont

All harnesses and lanyards shall be inspected by a competent

when new and every six months thereafter. Sadara
owned equipment must
have the date of the next inspectionrecorded on an
inspection tag and be
permanently attached.

Do not tieworking from or riding
off to insulated pipe ofinany
aerial lift device
unless shall is
wear a fall
from system with the lanyard attached to the block or
the owner.
basket; except
when working
Lanyard over double-locking
must have water. snap hooks and be ANSI

If the lanyard is made of synthetic fibers and is subject to

contact with hot
surfaces such as un-insulated steam lines, valves,
10 or hot
furnace stacks, an
Exemptions in Elevated Work

The work practice for management of Life-Critical

Fall Prevention Guards does not apply to:

Facilities/equipment owned and operated by a third party

Public utilities
Telecommunications facilities
Pipeline, supplier or raw material easements or leases
Sadara facilities leased to a third party
Repair and assembly pits, where pit access is restricted via
locked fences, locked buildings, floor markings, or warning
Emergency response personnel while responding to an
Walking on decks in areas intended for access to the cab of
self-propelled mobile equipment (e.g. cranes, excavators)
Exemptions in Elevated Work cont.

Permanently installed barricades or guards such as handrails

or manhole covers
Metal guards that are not scaffold material (for example
63.5 mm
(2.5) X 63.5 mm (2.5) X 0.95 mm (0.375) angle)
welded or bolted in
Wood or fiberglass reinforced guards that are inherent to
the system
(i.e. cooling tower handrail systems and cooling tower
decks) and are
bolted or secured in place.
Manhole or trench covers designed for application (i.e.
utility access
Metal hole covers attached by either welding or bolting in
place. 12
Facility / Work Group
Facility/Work Group Superintendent Must
Select and implement safeguards to protect
personnel from falls,
Elimination of the elevated work, when possible
Installation of fall prevention/protection systems
Require the use of fall prevention/protection
Options for safeguards must be selected from the
Options document. (upcoming slide 17)
Authorize personnel to review/approve critical
elevated work
Review/approve plans for critical elevated work.
Personnel Planning Elevated Work

Personnel Planning Elevated Work:

If elevated work is required, document a fall hazard
by any of the following:
A Safe Work Permit
A Procedure or
A Pre-task Hazard Analysis
The fall hazard assessment must include the
Location of the elevated work
How personnel will access the work area
The potential fall hazards and falling object
Personnel Planning Elevated Work

Personnel Planning Elevated Work, cont

The fall hazard assessment must include the following
The precautions used to reduce or eliminate the
Description of the fall prevention/protection including
personal fall
protection (if required)
Identification of anchorage points (if required). See
Anchorage Points" (slide 18)
Falling objects controls
Precautions to be used to protect personnel who are
not involved in
the job from any fall or falling object hazards
Review to help select the fall prevention/protection
"Acceptable Options by

Other page tabs at bottom of spreadsheet

Personnel Planning Elevated Work

Acceptable Anchorage
Metal Pipe (excluding aluminum) Not Acceptable Anchorage
Electrical Conduit
76 mm (3) or greater diameter in good
Aluminum Pipe, any size
condition no greater than 6 meters (20 ft)
Plastic/FRP Pipe (Fiberglass)
span between pipe supports pipe length
Insulated/Lined Pipe (unless
continuous for 2 supports on both side
approved by owner)
anchor, or secured
Permanent Guardrail System (not
Structural Steel (except where used as
designed as fall arrest anchorage
guardrail system)
point, maybe used as fall restraint
63.5 (2.5") by 63.5 mm (2.5) by .95 mm
anchorage after evaluation of a fall
(.375) angle, 20 ft or less span
Approved Cable life lines prevention/protection focal point)
Fixed Hoists
12.7 mm (.5) diameter silicon-bronze
Others as certified by Engineering
Mobile Crane Hook or Load Line (provided
crane capacity will support 2268 kilos (5,000
lbs), no load is otherwise suspended from the
hook and that crane operator remains at the


- For internal use only
Personnel Planning Elevated work

Use of Crane Suspended Work Platforms

The following requirements apply to the use of crane-suspended
work platforms.
A Crane-suspended work platform may only be used if:
It represents a lower risk than the use of conventional fall
prevention/protection systems, or
Conventional fall prevention/protection systems are not
If a crane-suspended work platform is used, a plan has to be
established that
includes the following information:
Applicable regulatory requirements
Crane requirements
Lift plan/checklist
Full cycle operational test lift
Responsibilities and accountabilities
Crane operator qualifications 19
Critical Elevated Work

Critical Elevated Work

The following tasks are considered "Critical Elevated Work" because they pose higher
elevated work risks:
Critical Scaffold erection and dismantling:
Cantilevered Scaffold (Kick-out or Knee-out scaffolding exceeding 1 meter
(3 feet)
Suspended platforms
Scaffold tents
Balconies exceeding 1 meter (3 feet)
Scaffold that uses an existing building or structure for support/anchorage
and the distance
between the edge of the scaffold and the existing building or structure is
>30 cm (1 foot)
Scaffold bridges longer than 7.5 meters (25 feet)
Use of crane-suspended work platforms.
Work on elevated surfaces that are not protected by fall prevention/protection
systems excluding
work from ladders, scaffolds and aerial lifts are as follows:
Cable Trays
Pipe Racks
Tank roofs and internal vessel components when personnel load including
equipment, exceeds 20
227kg (500 lbs).
Critical Elevated Work Fall Protection Plan

be completed for all Critical Elevated Work, including work inside a life Critical Gu
Personnel Doing Critical Elevated
Requirements which apply to personnel who
do Critical Elevated Work.
If you are doing Critical Elevated Work
You Must:
Have a Critical Elevated Work fall protection
Read, sign and date the plan before starting
the job.
Keep a copy of the plan at the job site.
Follow all instructions and precautions
included in the plan
Personnel Doing Elevated Work

Requirements which apply to personnel who do elevated work.

If you are doing elevated work You Must:

Have the required training, knowledge and skills

Follow the precautions specified in the fall hazard assessment
or the critical
elevated work fall protection plan.
Not alter or modify personal fall prevention/protection
Not use personal fall prevention/protection systems or
components for
any other reason then their intended purpose.
Review the fall hazard assessment conducted by the person
doing the
planning before starting the work.
Inspect all the fall prevention and fall protection equipment
that will be used
Personnel Doing Elevated Work, cont

Requirements which apply to personnel who do elevated work,


Protect your fall prevention and fall protection equipment from

wear, and tear. Use the equipment according to the
Stop the job and communicate to the person doing the
planning any job scope
changes or conditions that may result in new fall hazards (e.
g., removal of
grating, guardrails or hole covers).
Do not throw tools and materials up to or down from an
elevated work area.
Use appropriate hoisting and lowering practices.
Personnel using ladders
Ladder Use Requirements
Ladders must meet Sadara
Must be used per manufactures
Ladders must be inspected annually
and Marked per the Site Inspection Folding
Policy .
Ladders included in the
requirements are:
Straight or extension ladders and
Folding ladders
Fall Protection and Fall Prevention

Fall Prevention Systems are in place to prevent

someone from falling.
Fall Prevention Systems are to avoid the fall
occurring and allow you to perform elevated
without using additional Fall Protection Systems.
Guard Rails are the most common used Fall
Prevention System and a common construction
element. They can be permanently installed, but
part of a mobile systems (i.e. scaffolding).
Fall Protection Systems are designed to stop
(fall restraint) or control a free fall (fall
arrest)once a
fall has been initiated. 26
Fall Protection consist of a full body harness
Fall Prevention/Fall Protection
The Basics
Requirements - Fall Protection/Prevention Focal

Note: The requirements below may be completed by more

than one person for a given job.
If you are Fall Protection/Prevention Focal Point then you
must ensure that:
Fall prevention/protection systems are inspected
periodically, and
after the systems has been used to arrest a fall.
The results of equipment inspections are recorded.
Assist in developing critical elevated work fall protection
Provide technical assistance regarding fall
protection/prevention 27
Elevated Work Standard - Job Aid
bal Ladder Non-Critical Critical Elevated Life Critical
Use Elevated Work Work Guards
Examples of Critical Elevated
Maintain three points of Work:
contact Examples of Non- Non-routine & high risk Scaffold
with the ladder
Critical Elevated
erection/dismantling Examples of work
Have both hands free for - Cantilevered
climbing Work: - Suspended platforms that require Life
Ladders: Routine Scaffold - Scaffold tents Critical Guards:
- Balconies exceeding 1 m (3 ft)
Meet Sadara Specs erection/dismantling If any work creates a hazard
Use of aerial lifts - Scaffold that uses an existing building or
use per manufacturer's that can cause someone to fall
instructions Working from ladder requiring to a lower level (e.g. removal of
Portable Ladders: structure for support/anchorage and the
Place on firm level footing two grating)
Straight/Extension Ladders hands to perform the task
distance between the edge of the scaffold
- 4:1 pitch What do you need? and the existing building or structure is What do you need?
- Tie off with someone Fall prevention/protection plan >30 cm (1 ft) Same as Critical Elevated
holding - Scaffold bridges longer than 7.6 m (25 ft) Work, plus
in the
Extend 1 m (3) pass the Personnel Erecting, Modifying
form of one of the following:
landing Working from crane-suspended work platform or
- A Safe Work Permit, or
area from any ladder and Work on elevated surfaces that are not Removing must have a Safe
- Procedure, or
cannot maintain 3 points of protected by Work - Additional
- Pre-task hazard analysis
contact Use Fall Prevention/Protection fall prevention/protection systems excluding Permit
Follow Non-Critical Elevated work from Requirements -
Work Requirements What needs to be in ladders, scaffolds and aerial lifts. (Cable Must be tagged by an
Fall prevention/protection
systems must be used when the Fall hazard trays, pipe racks,
What do you need?
tank roofs and internal vessel components) representative
using a Jacob`s ladder (rope assessment? Fall hazard assessment
Work that creates a life-critical fall hazard Use the proper personal
you areifusing
there anis aattached
potential Potential fall hazards A critical elevated work fall protection plan protective
for a ladder
scaffold person which
to fall is
2 4.5
m m Precautions used to reduce or approved equipment and fall
(6 ft)orormore
(15 ft) long more. by an authorized person protection/prevention
(measured from deck to eliminate fall hazards SWP for crane-suspended work platform & equipment
deck), you must do one of the Location of the elevated work work that Each facility must maintain a
following* How to access the work area creates a life-critical hazard life-
use a Self Retracting Use Fall Prevention/Protection What
list do with the
Lanyard (SRL) fall
- Training - What must you do with the Fall
Fall protection systems Fall prevention/protection
protection device prevention/protection plan? plan?
Inspection and Limitations of
use other type of fall Read, sign & date Same as Critical Elevated Work
protection device (e.g., Keep a copy at the job site
Actions to take following a fall
rope lock)
use internal inclined - More Training - Follow all instructions and precautions - Training -
ladders Elevated Work User Safety
- Training - Same as Non-Critical
use external inclined Management of Life Critical Fall
ladder Same as Non-Critical
use-internal Prevention Guards 28
Training - or
Elevated Work Overview
use external stairway
Ladder User Safety
Life Critical Guards

What is a Life Critical Guard?

Any barricade or guard that prevents entry
into a fall hazard area from all possible
Continuous attendance is acceptable when
the watch person can prevent entry into the
fall hazard area from all possible accessible
sides, and is only allowed for a short
duration (Max. 2 hours) or until another
guard option is installed.
Life Critical Guards

Life Critical Guards (LCG) must be put in

place anytime work creates a hazard that
can cause someone to fall to a lower level.
If work creates a fall hazard, the personnel
doing the work must protect others by
installing temporary guardrails, hole covers,
or by preventing access to the area.
Installation and removal of temporary
guardrails and hole covers (used for
elevated work protection) must be managed
according to the requirements for
Management of Life-Critical Guards.30
Management of Life-Critical Guards

Yellow boxes to be filled out by operations

Life Critical Guards

Life Critical Guards are:

Uniquely numbered (dont remove and
place somewhere else!)
Tracked with information on location, date
applied, description of hazard and date of
last inspection
Inspected every 7 days by a trained person
Not to be removed Removal without
authorization will result in disciplinary
Life Critical Guards

System Requirements
How will you know a
guard or barrier is
considered life critical?
It will be marked with
this special tag shown
Except for when a
continuous attendant
is used for short
durations (2 hours or
less) of course!
Life Critical Guards

Do not remove the tag.

Tags must be attached to
all accessible sides of the
Never remove or modify
the life critical guard.
Never create a situation
that could result in a fall
over 1.8 m (6ft) or into a
hazardous area or
Must have an SWP and
sign the Critical Fall
Protection Plan to enter
Life Critical Guards

Here are a few examples of what a

Life Critical Guard may look like:

Life Critical Guards


A barrier erected on
a roof to warn
personnel that they
are approaching an
unprotected roof side
or edge, and which
designates an area in
which roofing work
may take place
without the use of
guardrails, personal
fall restraint systems,
personal fall arrest
systems, or safety
net systems to 37
Grating Checklist

The Sadara Life Critical Guard checklist requires a

grating inspection whenever grating is removed,
repaired, added or modified.
Never enter a Life Critical Guard unless you have
been trained and approved to work in a LCG area
or are accompanied by trained personnel and
placed on a LCG roster.
Always use the proper personal protective
equipment and fall protection/prevention equipment
when inside a LCG.

Site Grating

To be completed by a trained qualified grating

Grating Inspections

ating Inspections

The Site Grating Policy section of the Elevated Work

Standard further specifies how to manage inspections of

General Requirements
1. Each unit/plant will designate and train a Grating Focal
Point with Site grating policy requirements.
2. Each unit/plant will determine if the inspection grating
process applies. If so, they must identify the appropriate
Compliance Task Tool (CTT) tasks for their unit.
3. The Unit/Plant must be divided into sections that can be
easily segmented and identified (i.e. structure levels,
small process areas, etc.). The inspection of a section
shall be completed during one inspection CTT task using
one grating checklist per section (i.e. reactor
catalyst area) by a qualified grating inspector.
Grating Inspections cont

General Requirements (continued)

4. The unit/plant grating focal point should assist the
qualified grating inspector in segmenting the facility
prior to inspections beginning and must address any
deficiencies that may need barricading or Life Critical
5. It is recommended that each unit have its own CTT/MTL
task or other equivalent management system in place
e.g. scheduled services in maintenance management
6. For facilities that require more frequent inspections
(facilities with compressor decks vibration issues, etc.),
they should schedule CTT tasks accordingly and devise
their own internal system of color identification that is
easily understood and well documented.
Grating Inspections cont

General Requirements (continued)

7. Each clip has to be painted with a spot of paint at time
of inspection.
8. When a new piece of grating is installed, once it has
passed the grating inspection (which should be
immediately after installation), it should be painted with
the current color of paint that is being used for
inspections. This will also apply to grating that has
been disturbed (removed, then replaced) and or
9. The paint color shall be consistent across the site for 3
year inspections. A different color shall be used on each
subsequent 3 year inspection. If a clip can`t pass
inspection, it shall not be marked with the new
inspection color.
10. Orange paint shall only be used to indicate needed
repairs. 42
Guards Not in Secured Position

Swing gates and chain not Ladder opening guards

in secured position should always be in the
secured position, except
when a person is passing
through the opening

Guards Installed Correctly

The support block is intended to provide

vertical support for the gate in case a
downward force is applied to it. It should
be installed 2.5 cm (1 inch) below the
horizontal bar of the gate.

Sometimes they are either not installed,
or incorrectly installed whereby the gate
strikes the block.

This support block is

installed correctly, i.e. 2.5
cm (1 inch)

Transportation Equipment Elevated Work

Transportation Equipment Requirements:

The Fall Prevention/Protection Options outlines the protection
requirements for transportation equipment elevated work (TEEW)
above 1.8 meters (6 feet) of a drop of 1.8 meters (6 feet) or
Options for protection
Guard Rail System
Safety netting used as fall restraint (on existing, inadequate
Fall restraint systems
Fall arrest systems
Access via Ladders

1. Applicable on rolling stock (rail & truck) involving the loading,

unloading or handling of flammable, toxic inhalation hazard,
poisonous or corrosive materials only when fall arrest
equipment does not interfere with PPE (i.e. SCBA, etc)
2. Not a fall protection option for Work on marine vessels (ships
and barges).
3. All side openings must be <48 cm (19) (+/- 5 cm) (+/- 2) (ex:
distance between railings)
Transportation Equipment Elevated Work

If you load a flammable material into a railcar the following

solution can be used

Guardrail system
Fall restraint system
Fall arrest system
Portable ladder with guard rail system
The guardrail system in the picture does not meet the
TEEW requirement because:
there are large openings that a person could fall through
the opening between the Iso-container and the sides of
the platform opening are in excess of 48 cm (19)

VIDEO: Fall Protection Incident (02)

Fall from Bridge Decki