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HUMAN

EMBRYOLOG
Y
DEFINITION
Embryologyisthebranchofbiology
thatstudiestheprenataldevelopment
ofgametes(sexcells),fertilizationand
developmentofembryosandfetuses.

Itmainlyfocusesonthedevelopment
thatoccursintheparental
period(gestationalperiod)
WHAT IS AN EMBRYO?
Anembryoisanearlystageof
developmentofamulticellulardiploid
eukaryoticorganism.

Inorganismsthatreproducesexually,
anembryodevelopsfromazygote,the
singlecellresultingfromthefertilizationof
thefemaleeggcellbythemalespermcell.
Theresultofthisprocessisanembryo.
DEVELOPMENT OF AN
EMBRYO
PARENTAL PERIOD

Parentalperiodis
fromfertilization
through8weeks.
Itlasts280days
40weeks
10lunar
months
VARIOUS STAGES OF
PARENTAL PERIOD
Parentalperiodissubdividedinto
3stages:
Initialperiod
Embryonicperiod
Fetalperiod
INITIAL PERIOD
Initial period involves
inthedevelopmentof
week1.

Week 1 startswith
fertilizationandextends
throughthefirstcell
divisionsthatproducean
embryowithonegerm
layer.
EMBRYONIC PERIOD
Embryonic period involvesinthe
developmentofweek2through8
Week 2 producetwogermlayers.
Week 3 producethreegermlayersand
foldsthosearecognizablethree
dimensionalbodyform.
Week 4 to through 8 aretheperiodof
organogenesis.
FETAL PERIOD
Itinvolvesinthe
developmentafter
week8tillbirth.

Inthisperiodthe
organsgrowlarger
andbecomemore
complex