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Flexi WCDMA BTS Construction

A Flexi WCDMA BTS can consist of:
• One System Module (FSMx), equipped with one transmission sub-module
• One System Extension Module (FSMx) without a transmission sub-module operating
in Baseband extension mode (Flexi System Externsion Kit (FSKA) required)
• One to three RF Modules or Remote Radio Heads, depending on the radio module
• One optional outdoor capable Flexi Power Module (FPMA) that can house a maximum
of four sub-modules:
• One to three optional AC/DC converter sub-modules (FPAA)
• One to three optional battery sub-modules (FPBA)
• Multiradio Combiners (MRC), parts of the Nokia Siemens Networks Flexi Antenna
Systems for co-siting GSM and WCDMA BTSs occupying the same frequency band.
MRCs provide an AISG/3GPP carrier signal and a DC power path between BTS and
antenna. When modules are installed without a cabinet, the following items are
• Mounting Covers front/back for each module for installations without a cabinet (FMCA
for 3U modules and FMCB for 2U modules), mandatory in outdoor installations
• Flexi Mounting Kit Floor/Wall/Pole for installations without a cabinet (FMFA). A
minimum of one plinth is required for a stack installation and one plinth per two modules
in pole and wall installations.

. The channel capacity of Flexi WCDMA BTS can be optimised depending on the BTS configuration and the required traffic capacity of the BTS site. More channel capacity will be allocated remotely from NetActTM by sending Channel Capacity SW Licence to Flexi WCDMA BTS. 1 (FSMB) includes support for 32 Channel Elements (CE) to be used for Common Channels. The minimum number of Channel Elements allocated by SW Licence is one (1) CE supporting both uplink and downlink. see section Licence management.Flexi WCDMA BTS Channel capacity Channel capacity by SW Licence Flexi System Module channel capacity is designed to support flexible and cost-optimised site capacity evolution. Therefore. Common Channels for most typical configurations are included in Standard Operating SW and the operator does not need take them into account in Channel Element dimensioning. 2 (FSMC/D/E). For further information. Standard Operating SW of the System Module rel. With the System Module rel. Flexi WCDMA BTS site capacity can be optimised in the step of one CE without a site visit.


Interfaces .

Functional blocks .

Front panel of the System Module (FSMB) .

Power requirements of the System Module .

Dimensions and weight of the System Module .


The RRH does not have any fans. The RF Module and RRH host the RF functionality and provide control and power supply to the Flexi Antenna Line. Radio-related signal processing is performed in the RF Module. There are three types of RF Modules available: • Triple RF Module • Dual RF Module • Single RF Module . whereas the RRH supports one sector in a Flexi WCDMA base station.RF Module The RF Module and Remote Radio Head (RRH) are stand-alone fully operational transceiver modules with integrated antenna filters. The RF module has integrated fans and Bias-Ts. The RF Module is able to support one to three sectors.

0 The Triple RF Module has three independent transceivers each composed of one transmitter chain and two independent uplink chains to implement uplink diversity. two in the Dual and one in the Single RF Module) • Transceivers with RX for two carriers with diversity (the carriers must be adjacent) (three transceivers in the Triple RF Module. The transceivers can be configured independently to dual or single carrier modes. two in the Dual and one in the Single RF Module) • RF filters with main and div branch (three in the Triple RF Module.The RF Module can support one to three sectors with the following integrated components: • Transceivers with TX for two carriers (three transceivers in the Triple RF Module. two in the Dual and one in the Single RF Module) • 48 V DC input power supply • Masthead amplifier and 3GPP Antenna tilt power feed and control for up to three sectors • Interface to the System Module • Interface for chaining System Modules (Triple RF Module only) • Integrated fan assembly (two fans) • Full operational bandwidth support • Antenna connector interfaces • Prepared for AISG2. There is one RX output connector as well. . each composed of one duplex filter (main antenna) and RX filter (diversity antenna). The Single RF Module is a half capacity version of the Dual RF Module. The Dual RF Module has four dual carrier receivers that facilitate two dual carrier receivers with 2-way uplink diversity and it can therefore support multiple configurations. providing six antenna connectors for the BTS antenna line. two in the Dual and one in the Single RF Module) • Linear power amplifiers (three in the Triple RF Module. The unit integrates an antenna filter unit that contains three filter blocks. It has one TX/RX output that supports a maximum of two TX carriers (two carriers per TX chain).

0 interfaces (the FRGJ and FRGK also support the proprietary AISG 1. The main and diversity branches include Bias-Ts with lightning strike protectors (Single and Dual RF Module). AISG1. FRGF. The diversity (Div Rx) branch Bias-T is only used for MHA support in Current Window Alarm (CWA) mode. Single.1 RET Antenna Line Device configuration is supported with the FRGG. The FRGD can also use nominal 100/240 V AC (optional unit). The main branch (Tx/Rx) Bias-T is used for Flexi Antenna Line and MHA support. .5 V DC and via diversity antenna line 0 V DC/+12 V DC. which increases the power consumption by approximately 10 %. FRGJ. The operating voltages fed via main antenna line are 0 V DC/+12 V DC/+28.5-3. and 3GPP and AISG 2.1 interface for NBxx replacements). As a default setting.The RF Module uses nominal 48 V DC for internal power supply. it is possible to adjust both minor and major alarm threshold between 1. It supports Current Window Alarm (CWA) mode. The VSWR monitoring system is used for producing alarms for the antenna line condition against alarm threshold (RRH. However.6. Dual and Triple RF Module).9 and major alarm (cell down) will be generated when the VSWR is 2. the minor alarm will be generated when the VSWR is 1.5. and FRGK. The main branch also includes an Antenna Line VSWR Monitor (power meter for forward and reflected voltage ratio measuring). The antenna line does not provide any alarms without a valid licence (Line Supervision RAN907LK).

Functional blocks of the Triple RF Module .

Functional blocks of the Dual RF Module (FRIA. FRFA) . FRCA. FRGJ. FRDA.

FRDB. FRFB) . FRGK.Functional blocks of the Single RF Module (FRIB. FRCB.

Power consumption of the RF Module .

In possible short-circuit cases (for instance. antenna line) power consumption can momentarily be higher. . 2x30 W with the Dual and 3x30 W with the Triple RF Module). power consumption can increase by a maximum of 10 %.1 GHz radio frequency (RF) module.) Maximum power consumption values consist of power feed to MHA + antenna tilt (1x30 W with the Single RF Module. The values are given for the 2. Power consumption of the RF Module (contd. Up to 50 W/100 W/150 W (Single/Dual/Triple) higher power consumption can exist in extreme conditions and in BTS output power overdrive situations. For other RF module variants. the power consumption is 10% higher compared to the values in the table above. In case the Single RF Module uses an optional AC power supply (FPAB).

Dimensions and weight of the RF Module .

16x E1/T1/JT1. and • SDH (fibre optics) • Ethernet (copper/fiber). Migrating Flexi WCDMA BTS with these transport sub-modules from an ATM-based 3GPP R99/R4 to IP-based 3 GPP R5 architecture does not require any hardware to be changed and can be executed remotely. For more information on the transport mode refer to the appropriate chapters in this documentation. Ethernet. For more infomation on transmission sub- modules and the actual interface types on each unit refer to section Transmission sub- modules. • microwave radios (Flexbus). Overview of Flexi WCDMA BTS transmission Flexi WCDMA BTS System Module contains a transmission sub-module that provides the physical Iub interface to the radio network controller (RNC) or I-HSPA Adapter. ATM-over ethernet. The transmission sub-module alternatives provide different interface types. TXN modules . Flexbus and STM-1. namely 4. The System Module can be configured with different variants: • PDH (copper). traffic split to different paths (Dual Iub) and IP based Iub. The transport sub-modules featuring Ethernet ports can be set to different transport modes in order to support PDH-based backhaul.

the FTFA transmission sub-module will support up to 16 E1 interfaces internally. The Flexbus sub-module (FTFA) provides all the functionality of an indoor unit. • NSN Flexbus is a single-cable interface for Nokia Siemens Networks microwave radios. • The FTIA sub-module allows the connectivity of the Iub interface by two different types of physical interfaces.0 on. • The FTPB sub-module provides 8 PDH symmetrical physical interfaces. It is also possible to configure chain sites using 2 Mbit cross connections. Synchronous Ethernet is supported in next release. • The FTIB sub-module supports all the same features as the FTIA. which can be configured in the TRS HW view of the BTS Site Manager. which can be configured to work in the E1/T1/JT1 mode. • The FTHA sub-module provides 16 PDH interfaces for the Flexi WCDMA or Flexi WiMAX BTS system module. the only exception being that the FTIB supports also timing over packet according to IEEE1588v2. or during the commissioning process. It is intended for transport applications which need more than 8 PDH interfaces (available e. • The FTEB sub-module provides 8 PDH asymmetrical (coaxial) interfaces in the E1 mode.g. or JT1 modes. with FTPB or FTEB) like radio links or Add-Drop-Multiplexer. . The internal structure ofthe STM-1 signal is ATM over VC-4 virtual container. The FTHA sub-module is delivered with an FCTP cable with two MDR-68 connectors. thus the actual radio (outdoor unit) can be directly connected to it. T1. The 4 PDH symmetrical interfaces. are functionally identical to those provided in the FTPB sub-module. only 2 Ethernet ports can be used simultaneously: optical + electrical or 2 electrical ones 2. 2 x 1000Base-TX electrical will be supported in the next release 3. Transmission sub-modules Transmission sub-modules (FTxx) provide the physical Iub interface to the RNC or IHSPA Adapter. Note also the following: 1. The three Ethernet interfaces support ATM over Ethernet. • The FTOA sub-module provides 1 optical SDH interface. Dual Iub or IP Iub backhaul modes. From WN5. which can be configured to work in E1.

Alternative transmission sub-modules and supported interfaces .

Dimensions and weight of the transmission sub-modules .

Power consumption of the transmission sub-modules .

The existing alarm connections. The Mast Head Amplifier (MHA) will retain the uplink performance. The MRC 850 and MRC 900 units give the possibility to co-siting GSM EDGE and WCDMA BTSs in the same frequency band through antenna line sharing. Antennas To minimise the work in adding WCDMA antennas to GSM BTS sites. the fire alarm and door alarm. for example. part of the existing antenna infrastructure can be reused. G-W-G. Floor installations of modules can be done using the same fixing points. There are no limitations to system frequency allocation (G-G-W. A diplexer is an attractive way to add the Flexi WCDMA BTS to the existing site. the same connection types and power supply types can be used. The Multi Radio Combiner (MRC) solution makes it possible to build an antenna line sharing site with a minimum effect on existing system performance. A typical downlink loss is less than 0. Power system When Flexi WCDMA BTS is installed to an existing GSM/EDGE BTS site. There are three mounting kits available that purpose: Flexi Mounting Kit Vertical for 2G (FMUA).GSM/EDGE and WCDMA co-siting Flexi WCDMA BTS is designed so that it is compatible with existing Nokia Siemens Networks BTS’s and it is easy to install on an existing site. Downlink causes only a slight degradation for the BTS performance. 900 MHz and 2100 MHz. The MRC 2100 unit allows WCDMA and WCDMA BTSs co-siting in the same frequency band through antenna line sharing. Mechanics Flexi WCDMA BTS modules have much smaller space requirements than those of the Talk family and UltraSite EDGE/WCDMA BTSs.5 dB. There are three different MRC units that cover the bands: 850 MHz. Flexi Mounting Kit Horizontal for 2G . Flexi WCDMA BTS mounting kits for GSM/EDGE BTS Flexi WCDMA BTS modules can be installed inside an existing GSM/EDGE cabinet.6 dB. Actual losses depend on the combination but (for example) in the case of GSM 900/WCDMA. if the additional loss can be tolerated in the antenna line. W-G-G). Nokia Siemens Networks supplies diplexers for all necessary combinations. Using MRC units makes it also possible to co-site third-party BTSs. can also be connected to Flexi WCDMA BTS. the typical loss is less than 0.