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By: JAVEED IQBAL KHAWAJA

FURNITURE
STYLE

Furniture Timeline
•2550-2650's BC Gilded Egyptian Style
•2000-2500's BC Ancient Greek Style
•700- 800's BC Phrygian Tumulus Style
•800- 900's BC Assyrian Nimrud Style
•500-1000's BC Chu/Ancient Chinese Style
•1400-1500's Middle Age (Baroque) Style
•1600-1700's Jacobean Style
•1640-1700's Early American Style
•1690-1725's William & Mary Style
•1700-1760's Queen Anne Style
•1700-1780's Colonial Style
•1714-1770's Georgian Style
•1720-1830's Pennsylvania Dutch Style
•1750-1800's Chippendale Style
•1780-1820's Federal Style
•1770-1800's Sheraton Style
•1800-1840's American Empire Style
•1820-1860's Shaker Style
•1840-1920's Victorian Style
•1880-1910’s Art Nouveau
•1930-1970's Scandinavian Contemporary Style
•1945-1965's Mid-Century Modernism Style
•1960-1970's Postmodern Style
•1970-Today Modern Style
In next slides we will discuss some common furniture styles.

Baroque
(early baroquec.1590-c.1690)
(high baroquec.1625-c.1660)
(late baroquec.1660-c.1725 )

This style is
characterized by the
higher volumes,
exaggerated
decorations, colossal
sculptures, and huge
furniture

and cabinets had twisted columns.1725 ) framework of unrelated surfaces. and the roots of the “Chinese taste” were firmly entrenched.1625. The Baroque style was adopted in the Low Countries in the 1620s and extended late into the 17th century. each detail contributes to the harmonious movement of the overall design. Heavy tropical woods were also brought to Europe. furniture was made that borrowed much from the prevailing taste for “Oriental” elaboration.1690) (high baroquec. and from these.1590- c. where Asian craftsmen also worked in a pseudo-European style from designs supplied by the traders. Asian decorative techniques were being widely imitated in Europe. the Baroque style had a marked effect upon furniture design throughout western Europe. and England.furniture the details are related to the whole.1660-c. established regular trading relations with India and East Asia. Large wardrobes. broken pediments. . instead of a c.1660) (late baroquec. the Netherlands. Lacquered furniture and domestic goods were imported from the East. cupboards. and heavy moldings. It owed much to the Asian influence that swept over Europe in the 17th century.Baroque During the 17th century. Before the end of the 17th century. In Baroque (early baroquec. particularly Portugal. when Germany and England began to develop it. when several maritime countries.

1725 .1590-c.1660) (late baroquec.1660- c.1625-c.1690) (high baroquec.Baroque (early baroquec.

Jacobean (1600-1690) .

Upholstering materials were leather. Tables were rectangular in shape. The method of construction was very simple. The middle of the Jacobean period is known as the Commonwealth Style (1649-1660). silk. crewelwork. Gate-leg circular tables were introduced at this time as well. Some veneering and inlay were used. The period is named after James I. Almost all American furniture made in the colonies copied English furniture styles. almost all mortise and tennon joints. after Charles II. The most outstanding characteristics were heavy turning knobbed bun feet on chests and tables. are carved in low relief. Spiral turning was also very popular. The late Jacobean (1660-1688) is called the Carloean . and covers the right of both James I and Charles I (1603-1649). linen. sturdy style. etc. Almost all flat surfaces on chairs. wool. Characteristics of these styles are as follows: Almost all Jacobean furniture is made of oak. tapestries. held together with pegs. with small melon ball turning on the legs. .Jacobean (1600-1690) The early Jacobean period inspired much early American furniture. chests. a wood well- suited to the massive. and many pieces were painted. and velvet. The lines are square and rectangular.

Jacobean (1600-1690) .

Early American (1640-1700) .

. but the carving was flatter. Decoration consisted of carved flower  motifs or lunettes (crescent shapes) and chip carved  (executed with mallet and chisel) scrolls and leaves. Many of these early  pieces were massive in size and were based on styles  recalled from earlier days in England. and yellow. and more primitive than its English  predecessors. less  finished.  furniture styles followed those of England. mainly in black. Instead  of shaped legs or feet. Joinery was  confined to simple rectangular panelling with mortise  and tenon joints. with  adaptations. Turned (shaped on a lathe) split balusters  stained to look like ebony were also applied. In general. after an interval of about 15 years. furniture made in the last  half of the 17th century by American colonists.  occasionally highlighted by painting. American case furniture had legs  and feet that were simply downward extensions of the  rectangular styles.  red. Oak and pine were the commonest  woods.Early American (1640-1700) Early American furniture. The  earliest known American-made furniture dates from the  mid-17th century. when life in the colonies was  becoming increasingly settled.

Early American (1640-1700) .

William and Mary (1690-1725) .

Marquetry became an important feature of decoration often the form of elaborate floral . Mary died in 1694. Dutch. Highboys and lowboys. The banister back chair. shaped slightly to fit the shape of your body. Ireland and Scotland from 1689. The back legs of the chairs were splayed out at the bottom. with and without arms.William and Mary (1690-1725) William III and Mary II reigned over England.PINE and other native woods much easier to use. and Oriental lacquer-work. and rounded at the top with carving. with six high elaborated trumpet-shaped legs or spiral-turned legs. but the Colonial workmen were finding WALNUT. The chair backs were high. claw. padded or caned chair seats. Settees. terminating in a hoof. William in 1702. or ball feet.MAPLE. William and Mary style has Flemish. It is characterized by trumpet turned legs. Some of the furniture was made of OAK . appeared and rapidly became a favorite of the Colonial craftsmen. French and Chinese influences. replaced the cane back chair. upholstered or with loose cushions came in the main room.

QUEEN ANNE (1700-1755) .

QUEEN ANNE (1700-1755) .

graceful. Cabriole legs were influenced by the designs of the French cabinetmaker Andre-Charles Boulle and the Rococo style from the French court of Louis XV . Walnut became the preferred wood along with Cherry and Maple. The cabriole leg has been described as "the most recognizable element" of Queen Anne furniture. The furniture leg had an out-curved knee and an in curved ankle. But the intricate ornamentation of post-Restoration furniture was abandoned in favor more conservative designs. turned furniture legs with more graceful cabriole furniture legs.QUEEN ANNE (1700-1755) “Queen Anne style furniture is a style of furniture design that developed during and around the reign of Anne . possibly under the influence of the simple and elegant lines of imported Chinese Furniture. the style of Queen Anne's reign is frequently described as “late Baroque” rather than "Queen Anne. although Queen Anne reigned earlier. . Imported Mahogany began to be favored. The Queen Anne style is a refinement of the William and Mary style with lighter." while in the United States the term "Queen Anne" describes decorative styles from the mid-1720s to around 1760. more comfortable furniture. Queen of Great Britain . Regardless of the wood. a small amount of Queen Anne furniture was painted white. Cabinetmakers replaced the straight. In Britain.

QUEEN ANNE (1700-1755) Queen Anne hall table Hall Table Chinese Tea Cabinet Chair in Queen Anne style Chair Queen Anne style Queen Anne Queen Anne Chair coffee table .

COLONIAL STYLE (1700-1780) .

 Colonial furniture tended to be  more conservative and less ornate than English  and European furniture of the same style  period. During the mid to latter part of the  Colonial era. and broken pediment scroll  tops on taller pieces.COLONIAL STYLE (1700-1780) American Colonial furniture styles were  influenced by some of the style characteristics  of the William and Mary and Queen Anne  periods. and  Chippendale.  .   The Colonial style combines characteristics  of William and Mary. In the United States.  the Chippendale style was a more elaborate  version of Queen Anne style with cabriole legs. Queen Anne.  ball-and-claw feet. designs were also influenced by  the strength and simplicity of country made  furniture designs by Thomas Chippendale  (1718-1779) of England.

COLONIAL STYLE (1700-1780) .

Georgian (1714-1760) .

Early Georgian furniture saw the cabriole leg remaining popular and later these gradually ended in ball and claw feet. The architectural forms of furniture . works from this period can be described as more ornate version of Queen Anne with heavier proportions.became popular during the reign of George II (1727-60). in terms of furniture.Georgian (1714-1760) Georgian (1714-1760) – Coinciding with the reign of Kings George I and George II of England from 1714-1760.Palladian style . pierced back splats and the use of gilding. elaborately carved cabriole legs terminating in a pad or ball- and-claw foot. During the reign of George I (1714-27) the British Baroque continued to evolve and the Queen Anne Style persisted. ornate carvings. influenced by designers such as William Kent who were in turn inspired by 17th century Italian architecture .

Chippendale Furniture (1750-1790) .

sofas. . and birds. flowers. dressers and also they are knows doe the detailed natural design like leaves.Chippendale Furniture (1750-1790) This style is known for the claws at the bottom of chairs. fruits.

  He is known as a great designer but in fact he was a great adapter. Chippendale combined the most important elements of previous styles and the styles of his contemporaries. a skilled cabinet maker. and an . although it has never been as popular as some of his other designs.  He adapted from the Queen Anne style and the Louis XV primarily yet took a few ideas from the Gothic and embraced Chinese styling.  In fact. a master wood carver. he developed a style known as Chinese Chippendale. who published his furniture designs in “The gentleman and Cabinet Maker’s Director” in 1754.  In fact. This was the creation of Thomas Chippendale. Thomas Chippendale had his own originality that added to his furniture designs.Chippendale Furniture (1750-1790) The  “Chippendale furniture style” was best known between 1749 and 1779. Thomas Chippendale was the first creator to have a style of furniture named after him.  Chippendale was a versatile designer.

Chippendale Furniture (1750-1790) .

FEDERAL STYLE .

Philadelphia . The reason for this was primarily the collection of affluent wealthy families in these cities that had close ties to European culture. Charleston and Baltimore. This period converged with the period right after the Revolutionary War around 1789. is the style of furniture that gained prominence and became synonymous with the Federal period in American history.FEDERAL STYLE (1780-1820) Federal furniture was at its peak between 1780-1820 in American society. The areas that were most captivated by this style were mostly the large port cities on the Eastern coastline like New York. the trend in Europe. Sheraton and Hepplewhite also . Federal style furniture.  The peak period for Federal furniture was said to be between the 1780's and the 1820's. when the Federalists and anti-Federalists were at loggerheads over the new proposed direction of the United States Government. it was the European culture and the English furniture designs in particular of Sheraton and Hepplewhite that influenced the American Federal furniture. Boston. And after all. The distinct characteristics of Federal furniture make it a firm favorite even today. and it derived its main inspiration from the neoclassical style that was simultaneously. also known as neoclassical furniture or American neoclassical furniture outside the United States.

. these cities also became the production and manufacturing centers of this furniture. Federal furniture is more than just a style or a trend. as it became synonymous with the times. Inadvertently.FEDERAL STYLE emerged as influential furniture styles around the same time period. and studying the rise and prominence of this furniture style simply highlights this fact. History cannot be complete until all facets of civil life adopts the prevalent trends and cultures.

. It was created to be simple but useful. Shaker (1820-1860) This style is based on pure simplicity.

and sometimes cherry. with ball and socket construction) and mushroom shaped wooden knobs. and rocking chairs for the elderly. sewing rockers for Shaker women. Shaker chairs. the United Society of Believers. . Shaker craftsmen were responsible for creating “beauty through utility”. are all important contributions to American furniture design. made without arms to allow access to the sewing basket.Shaker (1820-1860) Shaker (1820-1860) – Shaker furniture represents a substantial contribution of the utilitarian lifestyle of the religious group. birch. Shaker furniture was often constructed from maple. handmade furniture pieces in small numbers. including side chairs used at meetings. where furniture craftsmen continue to construct beautifully practical. Living in self-contained communities. Shaker communities continue to exist today. and walnut: furniture woods that were readily available within their communities. Shaker style is characterized by straight tapered legs (tilted legs on chairs. with careful attention to detail.

Elizabethan. Tudor. Designers rather used and modified many styles taken from various time periods in history like Gothic. Neoclassical and others. . The Gothic and Rococo revival style were the most common styles to be seen in furniture during this time in history.Victorian (1840-1910) There was not one dominant style of furniture in the Victorian period. English Rococo.

Painted decorations replaced carvings. . furniture was styled around influences from earlier periods. a bit overdone. English Rococo. Elizabethan. Iron and paper maiches were also used in some pieces. Ornamentation was extensive. and. to a lesser extent. in the opinion of some. the Arts and Crafts and the Aesthetic or Art Furniture movement were born. including Gothic. During the latter part of the Victorian era. Renaissance. no single style emerged as dominant. and.Victorian (1840-1910) Extending for a period of 70 years during the reign of Queen Victoria. During its early years. Tudor. Late Victorian furniture was known for its straight lines and solid woods with dark stains and less upholstery than earlier Victorian pieces. and Neo Classical. Instead. oak in furniture designed for the masses. A number of antique styles were also revived. Mahogany and rosewood were often used. The Victorian period was the first furniture style to be mass produced. the Victorian era in England saw noted changes from its early days to late Victorian style.

ART NOUVEAU(1880-1910) This style is characterized by sudden curves and dynamic flowing lines .

and the more austere and geometric approach of the Scottish architect and designer Charles Rennie Mackintosh.slideshare. embracing the world of fantasy and myth in their designs. Art Nouveau was in part influenced by the naturalistic details of the Rococo style and took from the Art and Crafts movement its reverence of good craftsmanship. architecture and decorative art that peaked in popularity at the turn of the twentieth century (1890–1905). Belgium and Czechoslovakia and was characterized by sinuous. While many artists. Art Nouveau had two strands. Technological advances and new materials such as cast iron allowed artists to create previously impossible shapes and structures. creating urban life as we now know it.ART NOUVEAU(1880-1910) Art Nouveau (French for New Art) was an international movement and style of fine art. the Industrial Revolution brought many more people into the burgeoning cities.net/jik_1959/furniture-by-charles- rennie-mackintosh-2012#) Art Nouveau was developed by a brilliant and energetic generation of artists and designers. elegant lines inspired by nature and the female form. Society was changing tremendously at this time. the European style which flourished in France. others retreated into the past. designers and architects were excited by these new technologies and lifestyles. .(http://www. who wanted to create an art form appropriate to the modern age but inspired by nature and beauty.

ART NOUVEAU(1880-1910) .