GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

Shailini G. Gestosani, M.Ed.
College of Teacher Education
St. Paul University Iloilo

Human Development  The pattern of movement or change that begins at conception and continues through the life span  Development includes growth and decline .

Development takes place gradually 4. Development as a process is complex because it is the product of biological. While the pattern of development is likely to be similar. cognitive and socioemotional processes .Major Principles of Human Development 1. Development is relatively orderly 2. the outcomes of developmental processes and the rate of development is likely to vary among individuals 3.

cdipage. crawl then walk before children can run.Development is relatively orderly  Proximodistal pattern  center to side  Example: sit. weight at first then gradually working its way down to the neck. middle trunk.com . shoulders.  www. muscle control of the trunk and arms comes earlier as compared to the hands and fingers  Cephalocaudal pattern  top to bottom  Example: the head grows more in size. etc.

adolescents and adults  Heredity and environment affect the growth and development of children.htm .  www.com/development. varying rate of development  Stimulation in very important.cdipage.Similar pattern of development.  Caring and loving parents can help develop warm and responsible children.

htm .cdipage. months or years for a person to undergo changes that result in the display of developmental characteristics.  www.com/development.Development takes place gradually  Ittakes weeks.

changes in emotions.  All these processes are intertwined. intelligence and language. .Development is a complex process  Biological processes involve changes in the individual’s physical nature  Cognitive processes involve changes in the individual’s thought. They are not isolated from each other. and changes in personality.  Socioemotional processes include in the individual’s relationships with other people.

Two Approaches to Human Development  Traditional Approach  extensive change from birth to adolescence. little or no change in adulthood and decline in late old age  Life-span Approach  adulthood developmental change takes place as it does during childhood .

Development involves growth. Development is multidimensional. 3. Life – Span Development 1. Development is contextual 5. Development is plastic 4. maintenance and regulation . Development is lifelong 2.

Development is lifelong  Itdoes not end in adulthood  No developmental stage dominates development .

Development is multidimensional  Development consists of biological. cognitive and socio-emotional dimensions. .

Development is plastic  Itis possible throughout the life-span of the person .

.Development is contextual  Individuals are changing beings in a changing world.

Development involves growth. maintenance and regulation  The goals vary among developmental stages . maintenance and regulation 3 goals of human development: growth.

. Development and learning result from a dynamic and continuous interaction of biological maturation and experience. and optimal periods exist for certain types of development and learning to occur. 5. Development proceeds toward greater complexity. and symbolic or representational capacities. 6.Principles of Child Development and Learning (basis of DAP)  DAP – Developmentally Appropriate Practice 1. both cumulative and delayed. on a child’s development and learning. with later and knowledge building on those already acquired 3. 2. Early experiences have profound effects. Development and learning proceed at varying rates from child to child as well as at uneven rates across different areas of child’s individual functioning 4. Many aspects of children’s learning and development follow well documented sequences. All domains of development and learning are important and are closely interrelated. self-regulation.

Children develop best when they have secure. initiative and . Play is an important vehicle for developing self-regulation as well as for promoting language. 9. Always mentally active in seeking to understand the world around them.Principles of Child Development and Learning (basis of DAP) 7. 10. Children’s experiences shape their motivation and approaches to learning. Development and learning advance when children are challenged to achieve at a level just beyond their current mastery. consistent relationships with responsive adults and opportunities for positive relationship with peers. such as persistence. cognition and social competence. Development and learning occur in and are influenced by multiple social and cultural contexts. and also when they have many opportunities to practice newly acquired skills 12. 8. 11. a wide range of teaching strategies and interactions are effective in supporting all these kinds of learning. children learn in a variety of ways.

Write the four principles of human development and their educational implications.Seatwork/Assignment: 1. Principle Educational Implication .

Compare the two approaches to human Development Concept Traditional Life-span Approach Approach Development during childhood Development during adulthood Developmental stage/s as focus of study .Seatwork/Assignment: 2.