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4.

3 PARABOLA

• F Focus • Fixed straight line Directrix • Axis A line through the focus perpendicular to the directrix • V Vertex . F ( Focus ) and a fixed straight line ( called directrix ) in the plane . the point on the axis halfway between directrix and focus .• Definition : A parabola is the set of all points in a plane equidistant from a fixed point .

x >0 .0) • 1 ) The axis is at x-axis (a) y2 = 4ax .Equation of a parabola with vertex V(0.

( b) y2 = 4ax .a < 0 .

axis (a) x = 4ay .2 ) The axis is at y . a <0 . a>0 2 X2 = 4ay .

k) • (y-k )2 = 4a ( x-h ) . a > 0 (y-k )2 = 4a ( x-h ) . a < 0 .Equation of a parabola with vertex V (h .

a < 0 . a > 0 (x-h )2 = 4a ( y-k ) .• (x-h )2 = 4a ( y-k ) .

F (-3 . 3) .3) .• Example : Find the equation of the parabola in standard form that satisfies the given condition : V (3.

• Solution • (y-k )2 = 4a ( x – h ) • (y – 3 )2 = 4a ( x – 3 ) h + a = -3 a = -3 – h a = -3 -3 a = -6 • Answer : ( y – 3 )2 = -12 (x – 3 ) .