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Genius and


Group members

Qurat-ul-ain Khalid
Anisa Mubarik
Sajeela Maryam
Ayesha Nasir
Annam Abid
Fatima Sarwar
Introduction to genius

exceptional intellectual ability,
creativity, ororiginality, that is
associated with the achievement
Types of genius

Super genius (true genius and complete genius)
True Genius
Complete genius
Intellectual genius (who provide solutions to
tackle world problems and societal advancement)
Artistic genius (who are artistically gifted to
fascinate the world)
Skilled genius (who excel in sports, gaming and
skilled work.)

Genius in Psychology
Genius measured through IQ
Literature review

Lewis M. Terman
Leta Hollingworth (180 IQ score)
potential genius are on the average superior to
other children
gifted children may suffer variety of problems

Francis Galton
Creative ability of an exceptionally high order
as demonstrated by actual achievement
intellect, zeal, and power of working
biological heredity
Howard Gardner

ability, creativity, mastery of a domain, and
other personality traits such as autonomy and
capacity for endurance
theory of multiple intelligences

Mihalyi Csikzsentmihalyi
creative achievement cannot exist without
mastery of the skills
link between creative genius and flow
personalities of prominent individuals
(autonomy and endurance)
David Hume

the way society perceives genius is similar to
the way society perceives the ignorant

Arthur Schopenhauer
whom intellect predominates over will
Edward Young

reformulation of "genius" away from "ability"
and toward the Romantic concept of "genius"
as seer or visionary

James Russel Lowell

"genius" as "natural spirit of the place
"genius" as "inherent and irrational ability"

Sigmund Freud
poetic madness
irrationality of imaginations deriving from the
"genius" in poetry
Theories of Genius
Attributive theories
identify specific properties and distinctive
features of genius and revealing of
particularities of their relationships and

Structural and Functional theories

Perfectionist theory
Intellectual theory
Passionary theory
Working capacity theory

Procedural and Dynamic Theories
Genetic Theories
Hereditary theory
a). The influence of the family
b). Theory of education.
c). The influence of teachers.
Theories of self-education
Culturogenic theory

Evolutionary theories
Darwinian approach to the origin of
variation, selection and preservation of the
most successful combinations.
Theory of coincidence and chance
Introduction to

process of generating novel ideas and is the
basic force for all inventions.

1. The Creative Process - this includes the

definitions of creativity and the mental
processes involved in creativity.
2. The Creative Individual - this is about the
personality traits of the creative individual, the
attributes of genius and the peculiarities of the
creative personality

Process of creativity
creativity is about chance
is less about originality and more about
as a moment of 'insight'
Graham Wallas described 5 stages of creativity:
Preparation- focusing individuals' mind on
the problem.

Incubation - problem is internalized into the
unconscious mind.
Intimation - the creative person gets a
feeling that a solution is on its way.
Illumination - creative idea goes from
preconscious processing into conscious
Verification - idea is consciously verified,
elaborated and then applied

Geneplore model
creativity involves two phases - the generative
phase and the exploratory phase
The Personality in Creativity


Literature review

Various branches of study emerged in the early years
of twentieth century. They can be summarized as
Creativity as an aspect of intelligence. (Binet &
Henri, 1896)
Creativity as a mainly unconscious process.
( Poincare, 1913, Freud, 1957)
Creativity as a problem solving capacity (Wallas,
Creativity as an associative process (Spearman,
Ryhammer & Brolin
Thinking in opposite, analogies and
Various processes of mental representation
Specific perception
Problem finding
Problem solving
Robert J. Sternberg, creativity can be

broadly defined as the process of producing
something that is both original and worthwhile

Sternberg and Lubarts investment theory of

creativity (appropriate attributes for creativity
are knowledge, an encouraging environment,
an appropriate personality, intelligence,
motivation, and an appropriate thinking style)
Creativity and positive affect relations
Isen, positive affect has three primary effects on
cognitive activity

Positive affect makes additional cognitive
material available for processing
Positive affect leads to defocused attention and
a more complex cognitive context, increasing
the breadth of those elements that are treated
as relevant to the problem;
Positive affect increases cognitive flexibility
FredricksonBroaden and Build Modelsuggests
that positive emotions such as joy and love
broaden a person's available range of cognitions
and actions, thus enhancing creativity.

Creativity and negative affect relations
Theories of Creativity

The Psychoanalytical Theory of Creativity
the general argument is that people become creative in
reaction to difficult circumstances or repressed emotions.
The theory also argues the following:
People are able to demonstrate creativity when they link
the personal unconscious with the collective conscious.
Regression precedes creativity.
Feelings of inferiority contribute to creativity.
Criticism: Arguably, however, other theorists maintain
that the psychoanalytic theory lacks credence because it
fails to take into consideration that people are both
biological and social beings.
The Mental Illness Theory of Creativity

Eysencks Theory of Psychoticism

The Addiction Theory of Creativity

The Humanistic Theory of Creativity