Invention and

Innovation

Important Terms
 Invention  Copyrights
 Innovation  Science

 Discovery  Engineering

 Creativity  Technology

 Patents  Design

 Trademarks

Invention!
 Invention can be thought of as a new
manmade device or process.
 An example of invention is the
internal combustion engine invented
inThe
theinternal
1800’s.combustion
engine is used in cars,
trains, trucks,
lawnmowers, boats and
many other applications.

. Innovation Smithsonian *An innovation can be define as simply a better way of doing things or an improvement to an existing product or invention.

1983 e Razr 2006 . Ev o lut ion of t he Alexander Graham Bell’s Phone 1876 Old Phone Telephon 1st Cell Phone March 6.

Old Computers Dell Computers 2006 .

 Thomas Edison invented over 1000 patents. This discovery was called the “Edison Effect”. but only made one scientific discovery. Discovery  Discovery is the primary process used in science to uncover new knowledge. .

 The ability to truly understand the problem at hand. . Creativity  The ability to see a problem in several dimensions.

 No formal training in mechanics.  Invented a sport hand cycle. . a machinist and a designer and builder of bicycles.” –Mike Augspurger  Mike is an expert cyclist.  Early interest in go-karts and woodworking and machining. Inventor Spotlight: Mike Augspurger  “If you want to make an improvement or an innovation or an invention the place to look is in yourself.

. Patents  Provide inventors with exclusive rights to manufacture a device for a period of time that has been fixed.)  Assigned to individuals. (Currently 17 yrs. not corporations.

The Innovations The Original Patent JBL Koss Apple Computer JBL Ipod Skins .

 The inventor must keep dated logs in order to prove who invented something first. Patents Cont.  “Patent Pending” – the inventor has applied for a patent. . but not received it yet.

Trademarks  Trademarks give an individual or corporation a right to identify a product with a graphic symbol that customers can readily recognize for the quality and service they have earned. a trademark has no time limit. .  Generally.

Trademark Examples Nike Mountain Dew Abercrombie & Fitch Adidas .

. or music.  Copyright provide the creator the exclusive rights to their works for a definite period of time. Copyright ©  Copyright is related to the written material.  Copyright are extended to 50 years after the death of the artist. graphic material.

not solutions to problems. .  Its primary goal is knowledge. Science  The pursuit of new knowledge about nature.

not solutions to problems. Science  Science is the pursuit of new knowledge about nature.  Its main goal is knowledge. .

orderly process through which technology is created.  Engineering in the simplest sense is the deliberate. . Engineering  The profession in which knowledge of the Mathematical and natural sciences gained by study.

Technology The innovation. . or modification of the natural environment to satisfy the perceived human wants and needs. change.

LEGO Rhino . Design  The process of designing solutions to technological problems – innovating and inventing.

Innovation and Discovery The greatest difference between science and technology is purpose.History of Invention. .

.  Science and technology need and serve each other while serving mankind. The main purpose of science was curiosity. where the main purpose of technology was a matter of survival.

Early civilizations were based on just a few inventions:  The plow  Stonecutting  Handwriting  Spinning  Metallurgy  Weaving  Pottery  Surveying  Brick making instruments  And more… .

Deliberate search for 1 thing that leads to something else 3. Deliberate search 2.7 Mechanisms that affect Invention and Innovation 1. Totally unrelated developments have an effect on the main event .

Military needs or military inventions give rise to intense development efforts and equally significant social change. Weather & other natural forces 7. 5. Result of religion 6.4. Pure accident .

Innovation and Discovery Today A few of the most influential factors which are of a different origin than the previous 7 mechanisms… . Invention.

discoveries often followed the practical application. Information and Communication Technology  The faster we can communicate. technology rarely precedes science . Specialization of knowledge and teamwork 3.1. the faster we can influence others with new inspiration and new inventions. 2. The rise of organized science  In the past.  Technology preceded science  Today.

 Government can also influence invention and innovation by legislation that creates the rules others must play by . The influence of government  The need for rapid wartime development of technology tends to push the envelope of efficiency.  The funding of research which is often available for the asking.4.

it would be good for the country. and if the correct balance could be found. Intellectual Property To promote rapid growth of technology. there had to be something in it for both users and producers. .

Inventors  Thomas Edison  Benjamin Franklin  Elijah McCoy  Eli Whitney  Alexander Graham Bell  Henry Ford .