Unit 5

MT. SAC
LEVEL 4
Marina McLaughlin M.S. Ed.
Grammar Note
There are several ways1to talk about the
future
You can use:
1. be going to
2. will All of these have the SAME mean
3. present progressive
4. simple present

•. I am going to pick up my friend from the airport
tomorrow.
•. I will pick up my friend from the airport tomorrow.
•. He is picking up his friend from the airport tomorrow.
•. He leaves tomorrow to pick up his friend from the
airport.
Grammar Note 2
Talk about facts or things you are sure will
happen in the future use be going to or will
• The sun is going to rise at 6am tomorrow.
• The sun will rise at 6am tomorrow.
Grammar Note 3
To make predictions about things you are sure
will happen in the future be going to or will
• I think it is going to rain tomorrow.
• I think it will rain tomorrow.

• Note: Use be going to (not will) when something that
you see right now makes you almost 100% sure an event
is going to happen.

• There is thunder and lighting nearby. I think it is going
to rain.
• There is thunder and lighting nearby. I think it will
rain.
Grammar Note 4
To talk about future plans or things you have already
decided, use be going to or the present progressive.
• I am going to pick up my friend tomorrow from the
airport.
• I am picking up my friend tomorrow from the airport.
Grammar Note 5
For quick decisions (made as you are speaking), or to
make offers or promises, use will.
Quick Decision:
A: The Opera Show is opening next week.
B: Sounds fun. I think I’ll go.

Offer or Promise:
A: I would like to go too, but I do not have a ride.
B: I’ll drive you, but I would like to leave by 7pm.
C: No problem. I’ll be ready.
Grammar Note 6
To talk about scheduled future events
(programs, schedules, timetables, etc.) use
the simple present.
• We often use words like start, begin, end, and leave

• The airplane leaves at 6am, Mexico time.
• The Disneyland fireworks show starts at 9pm.
• The movie begins at 1pm.
• The opera show ends at 11pm.
Grammar Note 7
Future Progressive
• Be (verb) going to/Will + (Be + Base Form + ing)

1. I am going to be traveling next week.

OR,

2. I will be traveling next week.
Grammar Note Yes/No
Future Progressive: 7
Questions
• Be (verb)/Will + subject + going to + (Be + Base
Form + ing)

Are you going to be traveling to Las Vegas? Yes, I
am. (No, I’m not.)

Will you be traveling to Las Vegas? No, I will not.
(No, I won’t.)
Grammar Note 7
Future Progressive: Wh- Questions
• Be (verb)/Will + subject + going to + (Be + Base
Form + ing)

When Are you going to be traveling to Vegas?

When Will you be traveling to Las Vegas?
Grammar Note 7
Future Progressive
• to talk about actions that will be in progress at a
specific time in the future.

At 3pm tomorrow, I am going to be flying to Las Vegas.

Now
3p.m.
Tomorro
Past wX
Future
Las
Vegas
Grammar Note 7
Future Progressive
• We often use the future progressive instead of the future
to make a question about someone’s plans more polite,
or when asking for requests.
When are you going to grade our tests? (Not polite)

When will you be grading our tests? (Polite! )

Are you going to the post office tomorrow? (Neutral)

Will you be going to the post office tomorrow? (More polite
)
Grammar Note 8
Future or Future Progressive
a) Use the future or future progressive in the main clause
b) Use the simple present or the present progressive in
the time clause.
Do NOT use the future or the future progressive in the
time clause.

Remember that time clauses start with words such as:
after, as soon as, before, until, when, while, etc. ... )
Grammar Note 8 Do NOT use the
future or the future
Examples progressive in the
time clause.
I’m going to go bed when the movie ends.
main time
clause clause
I’m going to go bed when the movie will end.
main time
clause clause

I will be eating while he is dusting.
main time
clause clause
I will be eating while he will be dusting.
main time
clause clause