Fluent

Overview

ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust

Fluent
Overview

ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust

Fluent Overview  Solution Parameters  Choosing the Solver Set Solution Parameters  Discretization Schemes Initialize  Initialization Enable Solution Monitors  Convergence  Monitoring Convergence Calculate a Solution  Stability Modify the Solution Converged? Parameters or the Mesh  Setting Under-relaxation  Setting Courant number Yes No  Accelerating Convergence  Accuracy Accurate? No  Grid Independence  Adaptation Yes Stop ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust .

 Import (scale) the mesh file  Select physical models  Define material properties  Prescribe operating conditions  Prescribe boundary conditions  Provide an initial solution  Set solver controls  Set up convergence monitors  Compute and monitor solution ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust . Fluent Overview Menu is laid out such that order of operation is generally left to right.

.  Default Settings:  2D Solver  Left button translates (dolly)  Middle button zooms  Right button selects/probes  3D Solver  Left button rotates about 2-axes  Middle button zooms  Right button selects/probes ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust .Fluent Overview  Mouse button functionality depends on solver and can be configured in the solver Display Menu Mouse Buttons..

cell  Face = boundary of a cell 2D mesh  Edge = boundary of a face  Node = grid point  Zone = group of nodes. cell face  Material data and source terms 3D mesh assigned to cell zones.Fluent Overview  Components are defined in preprocessor  Cell = control volume into which node domain is broken up cell center  computational domain is defined by face mesh that represents the fluid and solid regions of interest. ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust . faces. and/or cells node  Boundary data assigned to face edge zones.

Fluent Overview How to…  File Menu  Read  Case ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust .

How to…  Grid Menu  Check  Grid Menu  Scale  Grid Menu  Translate ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust .Fluent Overview  Fluent assumes that all physical dimensions are initially in meters.  The default unit system in Fluent is Metric (SI) units.

Fluent Overview How to…  Display Menu  Grid ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust .

Fluent Overview How to…  Define Menu  Models  Solver  Define Menu  Models  Viscous ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust .

Mixture Material concept  Single-Phase. Single employed Species Flows  Mixture properties  Define fluid/solid (composition properties dependent)  Real gas model defined separately  Multiple Phase Flows from constituent’s (Single Species) properties. Ahmadi/Nazridoust .Fluent Overview How to…  Define Menu  Materials  Fluent Database  Physical models may require  Multiple Species additional material (Single Phase) Flows properties need to be defined.  Component properties  Define properties for all fluids and solids. ME 437/537/637 must be defined.

Fluent Overview How to…  Define Menu  Materials  Fluent Database ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust .

Specifying velocity. the relevant variables at the domain boundaries must be defined.g. momentum.Fluent Overview  To formulate a problem that results in a unique solution. temperature and pressure or fluxes of mass. inlets. walls.  Defining boundary conditions involves: i. identifying the location of the boundaries (e. energy.. symmetry) ii. supplying information at the boundaries ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust .

Axis  Boundary Condition Types of Cell ‘Boundaries’  Fluid and Solid  Boundary Condition Types of Double-Sided Face ‘Boundaries’  Fan. Walls ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust . Interior. Periodic. Porous Jump. Symmetry. Pressure far- field  Special: Inlet vent. Outflow  Compressible flows: Mass flow inlet.Fluent Overview How to… Define Menu  Boundary Conditions  Select Zones  Boundary Condition Types of External Faces  General: Pressure inlet. Radiator. exhaust fan  Other: Wall. outlet vent. intake fan. Pressure outlet  Incompressible: Velocity inlet.

Fluent Overview How to… Define Menu  Boundary Conditions  Select Zones ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust .

Fluent Overview How to…  Solve Menu  Initialize  Initialize ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust .

Fluent Overview How to…  Solve Menu  Monitors  Residuals  The convergence of solution can also be changed ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust .

Fluent Overview How to…  Solve Menu  Iterate  Iterate ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust .

Fluent Overview How to…  Display Menu  Contours  Display Menu  Vectors ME 437/537/637 Ahmadi/Nazridoust .

Fluent Overview Flow in a Channel  Steady State  Inlet Velocity is known  Outlet is open to atmospheric pressure  No Slip on all walls  Fluid is Water  Desired Grid Resolution is 1500 Hexahedral Cells x-Velocity = 0.85 m/s y-Velocity = 0.00 m/s Outflow 15cm ME 437/537/637 60cm Ahmadi/Nazridoust .