Research on IEC 61850 Peer

-
to-Peer Communication
Implementation for TNB
Breaker Failure Scheme
Protection

Seeding Fund Project

By

Mohd Noorfazly Bin Noran

Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research

Presentation Overview

1. Background
2. Research Justification
3. Research Elements
4. Objectives
5. Project Impacts
6. Methodology
7. Project Deliverables
8. Project Cost
9. Project Organization

Slide No. 2
Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research

Background (Introduction)
• Circuit breaker failure is the condition that happen when
the circuit breaker fail to trip or open the circuit during
the fault.

• The circuit breaker failure protection scheme is used as
a back-up protection that initiate tripping to all adjacent
circuit beakers that connected to the feeder of the fault
circuit breaker.

Slide No. 3
Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research

• It is an important back-up protection scheme that can minimize the damages of circuit breaker and the system equipments due to the long fault duration that fail to be interrupted. Slide No. 4 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . • It can prevent large cascading tripping which can disturb the healthy circuit or line.

5 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . Background (Existing Scheme) • In the existing system. the breaker failure scheme deployed hardwired connection for transmitting the signal from the relay of the failed breaker bay to the adjacent bay that interconnected with it. Slide No.

TNB Conventional Busbar & CBF Protection Tripping Scheme +BB -BB Resistive 87MBB 87RBB 87CBB F94BB F94BBM F94BBR F94BB F94BB -TU 2 RESERVE MAIN -Q13 -TU 1 -Q1 -Q2 -Q1 -Q2 P2 P2 -Q1 -Q2 -Q1 -Q2 -F87RBBHI CL. 6 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . 0.5 -F87T -F21Z P1 -Q0 P1 -F51OC Energy Meter -F21Z Metering Metering -F87BBHI -F87BBHI BUS COUPLER -F87CBBHI -F87CBBHI -F50BF -Q9 -Q8 -Q9 -Q8 -Q9 -Q8 ES +BB -BB ES ES -TU -TU -TU Breaker Failure -FV Tripping -FV -FV Feeder OHL TRANSFORMER FEEDER FEEDER Slide No. PX -F87MBBHI -Q0 -F21ZBS/R -F21ZBS/M -Q0 -Q0 CL. 5P20 -F87L SPARE Metering CL.

Generic Object Oriented Substation Event (GOOSE) message with the Ethernet communication for breaker failure protection signal transmission. Background • IEC 61850 Standard introduced the high speed peer-to- peer communication service. Slide No. 7 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research .

0.5 -F11 -F11 P1 -Q0 P1 -F11 BUS COUPLER -F50BF -F50BF -F50BF -Q9 -Q8 -Q9 -Q9 -Q8 -Q8 ES +BB ES -F34 ES +BB -TU -TU -TU Breaker Failure -FV Tripping -FV -FV Feeder OHL Feeder OHL TRANSFORMER FEEDER Slide No. 8 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . IEC 61850 Station Bus Architecture for Busbar & CBF Protection Tripping Scheme IEC 61850 Station Bus Ethernet Switch F94B F94BB F94BB -TUB2 F94BBM F94BBR RESERVE MAIN -Q13 -TU 1 -Q1 -Q2 -Q1 -Q2 P2 P2 -Q1 -Q2 -Q1 -Q2 -Q2 CL. PX -Q0 -Q0 -Q0 CL. 5P20 CL.

9 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . GE15] Slide No. Background • The advantages or benefits of the IEC 61850 GOOSE message for breaker failure protection: – Require simple installation process and configuration – Reduce the installation costs by replacing copper wires with Ethernet cable connection – Increase the speed of the signal transferring – Simplify engineering process with flexible programmable protection and communication scheme configuration – Reduce the human error on setting up the communication signal between relays – Toward supporting TNB Smart Substation initiative [TRM.

Background (Problem Statement) • Before any transformation from hardwire communication of breaker failure protection scheme to IEC 61850 GOOSE message. Slide No. this project will help TNB to asses and determine the best way to implement the breaker failure protection in TNB substation with IEC 61850 GOOSE message. 10 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . TNB need to analyze and evaluate the performance of this scheme in terms of: – Reliability of the IEC 61850 GOOSE message for breaker failure protection scheme – Selectivity of the breaker failure tripping with the IEC 61850 GOOSE message – Speed of the IEC 61850 GOOSE message for transmitting the breaker failure signal. • Therefore.

Investigation and functional testing of the IEC 61850 GOOSE message transmission speed by using only single IED and Omicron protection test tool. [ABB. Jamia Millia Islamia. 2011] 3. New Delhi. Research on IEC 61850 GOOSE message transmission between only two IED (of different makes) in the single busbar substation without selectivity of the tripping signal. [Megger. India. Background (Recent Works by Others) 1.2010] 2. 11 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . [Iqbal Ali. January 2012] Slide No. Study on the IEC 61850 GOOSE performance for the breaker failure protection scheme by ABB was implemented by using their own single vendor IED.

12 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . • The study on the performance of actual breaker failure IED will be based on: – The configuration of IEC 61850 GOOSE message of breaker failure signal transmission by multivendor IED for interoperability analysis – The TNB 132kV double busbar substation configuration with multiple number of IED for selectivity of tripping signal analysis. – The actual TNB breaker failure protection scheme with the multiple of IEC 61850 compliant IED for the scheme performance analysis. Slide No. Background (Project Analysis) In this project: • IEC 61850 GOOSE message for the breaker failure protection scheme will be modeled with real time simulation analysis for formulating the functional and performance specification.

Slide No. – TNB can build up the confident level in deploying the breaker failure protection scheme with IEC 61850 GOOSE message either for retrofit or new substation. – TNB can determine the coordination of the breaker failure timer and pick-up elements when deploying high speed GOOSE message in order to avoid overtripping. – It can be a practical implementation for breaker failure protection scheme in the future with simple and flexible engineering process with minimum outage time for retrofit project. – TNB will have the guideline of breaker failure protection scheme setting specifically IEC 61850 GOOSE configuration and engineering process. Research Justification • This research is important for future implementation because: – It can help TNB to get an optimum breaker failure protection scheme configuration and design that will take into account the speed of the GOOSE message transmission either for local tripping or remote tripping. 13 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research .

Seeding Fund Justification • This project is practical for TNBR seeding fund project because: – TNBR can enhance the modeling and simulation skills of TNB protection scheme which is important for the functional and performance test procedure. Slide No. – TNBR can build up the knowledge and technical skill for evaluating the protection IED performance which can be provided to TNB in TNBR System Verification and Simulation Laboratory (SVS Lab). – TNBR will have the guideline for testing the breaker failure protection IED. – TNBR can develop the competencies in IEC 61850 GOOSE message configuration for the TNB protection scheme. 14 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research .

15 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . Research Element • Experiment on the performance breaker Experimental or other failure protection scheme with IEC 61850 work aimed at the GOOSE message through modeling and discovery of new simulation of TNB Transmission Division knowledge or protection system advancement of existing technology • To formulate IEC 61850 engineering process that can adapt to TNB breaker failure protection scheme. Slide No.

Objectives • To analyze and verify the performance of the breaker failure protection with IEC 61850 GOOSE message in terms of reliability. • To propose the standardized IEC 61850 GOOSE message configuration and design for breaker failure protection scheme for TNB double busbar substation. speed and selectivity of the tripping through modeling and real time simulation analysis. 16 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . Slide No. • To develop the functional and performance specification for the breaker failure protection scheme with IEC 61850 GOOSE message by using real time digital simulator (RTDS).

• TNB can use the this project as an adoption for the retrofitting the existing substation. • TNB can evaluate and verify the performance of the existing breaker failure protection scheme with IEC 61850 GOOSE message for the actual system implementation. • TNBR can develop the technical knowledge and expertise in the protection scheme configuration and verification based on the IEC 61850 standard implementation. • TNBR can use the model with real time simulation of GOOSE message for testing and evaluating the performance of future IEC 61850 compliant Breaker Failure IED performance that will be installed in the TNB Substation. Slide No. • Provide TNB the engineering process for implementing breaker failure scheme by adopting IEC 61850 GOOSE message in the existing substation. 17 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . • TNB will have functional specification and performance specification which can be used as a reference or benchmark of this scheme design and configuration. Project Impacts • The breaker failure protection scheme design with IEC 61850 GOOSE message implementation in the actual system can minimize the error of configuration and offer simple and low cost installation for this scheme either for retrofitting or new substation application.

– To do technology scanning on the IEC 61850 engineering work for the protection and control from the other country. Methodology • Literature review: – To study and understand the breaker failure protection scheme of TNB by referring to Protection and Control Code of Practice and Transmission Design Philosophy and Guideline Protection and Control – To study the breaker failure protection scheme based on the IEEE Guide for Breaker Failure Protection of Power Circuit Breakers. Slide No. 18 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research .

Slide No. – To configure the IEC 61850 GOOSE message for the breaker failure protection by using SCD Configuration file in RSCAD – To run the real time simulation of the breaker failure protection by using RTDS with breaker fail condition at substation bay based on the RSCAD models. 19 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . – To asses and verify the IEC 61850 GOOSE publish and subscribe correctly within the allowable time by using the COMTRADE file recorder and Network Analyzer program. – To monitor the performance of the breaker failure protection model with the IEC 61850 GOOSE message transmission that cannot exceed the maximum fault clearing time. Methodology • To model and simulate the breaker failure protection with the IEC 61850 GOOSE message: – To model the TNBR 132kV SVS Lab single line diagram and breaker failure protection IED in RSCAD.

Methodology • To asses and analyze the breaker failure protection configuration for the actual protection IED in TNBR SVS Lab: – To configure the protection IED (Integrated Protection IED) with breaker failure protection scheme based on logic and function of the tested Breaker Failure protection model in RSCAD. – To set the protection IED signal to the RTDS as the input for the circuit breaker model in order to monitor the status of the breaker when the protection IED pick-up with the signal of breaker failure from the other IED. – To run the simulation of the breaker fail condition and monitor the performance of the breaker failure protection configured IED. – To configure the IEC 61850 GOOSE message of the breaker failure protection for the protection IEDs: – To create the dataset for the breaker failure message – To assign GOOSE control block of the message – To configure the IED for the GOOSE message publisher and subscriber. 20 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . Slide No.

21 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . – To do the functional specification of the breaker failure protection based on the real time simulation. Methodology • To formulate the engineering documentation of the breaker failure protection scheme with IEC 61850 GOOSE message configuration: – To compile all of the modeling and simulation steps of the breaker failure protection in the RSCAD for the guideline. – To do the testing performance specification based on the performance of the actual IED. – To do the engineering process documentation work of the IEC 61850 GOOSE configuration for the 132kV breaker failure protection Slide No.

22 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . Scope of Works Slide No.

23 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research .   To  configure  the  IEC  61850  GOOSE                          message  for  the  breaker  failure  protection model by using the SCD  Configuration file in RSCAD Slide No. Methodology Months Tasks M1 M2 M3 M4 M5 M6 M7 M8 M9 M10 M11 M12 Literature review:                                             To study and understand the breaker  failure protection scheme                          To do technology scanning on the IEC  61850 engineering work                     Modeling and simulation for scheme testing verification: To  model  the  TNBR  132kV  SVS  Lab                        single  line  diagram  and  breaker  failure protection IED in RSCAD.

24 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . To  monitor  the  performance  of  the                          breaker  failure  protection  model  with  the  IEC  61850  GOOSE  message  transmission  that  cannot  exceed  the  maximum  fault clearing time To  asses  and  verify  the  IEC  61850                          GOOSE  publish  and  subscribe  correctly  within  the  allowable  time  by  using  the  COMTRADE  file  recorder  and  Network  Analyzer program Testing and verify the performance                         of the breaker failure of actual IED: To  configure  the  protection  IED  with                          breaker  failure  protection  scheme  based  on  logic  and  function  of  the  tested  Breaker  Failure  protection  model  in  RSCAD Slide No.                         To run the real time simulation of the  breaker  failure  protection  by  using  RTDS  with  breaker  fail  condition at substation bay based  on the RSCAD models.

                        To set the protection IED signal to the  RTDS as the input for the circuit  breaker  model  in  order  to  monitor the status of the breaker  when the protection IED pick-up  with the signal of breaker failure  from the other IED. To  run  the  simulation  of  the  breaker  fail  condition  and  monitor  the  performance  of  the  breaker  failure  protection  configured  IED                         To analyze the breaker failure  protection IED performance in  terms of speed and selectivity of  the bay  tripping  Slide No.To  configure  the  IEC  61850  GOOSE                          message  of  the  breaker  failure  protection  for  the  protection  IEDs: i)  To create the dataset for the breaker                          failure message ii)    To assign GOOSE control block of                          the message dataset iii)  To  configure  the  IED  for  the                          GOOSE  message  publisher  and  subscriber. 25 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research .

Finalize the Project Report Slide No. 26 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research .Formulate the Documentation:                         To  do  the  engineering  process  documentation work of the IEC 61850  GOOSE  configuration  for  the  132kV  breaker failure protection                          To  compile  all  of  the  modeling  and  simulation  steps  of  the  breaker  failure  protection  in  the  RSCAD  for  the  guideline.                         To  formulate  the  functional  specification  of  the  breaker  failure  protection  scheme  based  on  the  real  time simulation analysis.

• Guideline of 132kV breaker failure protection modeling and simulation with IEC 61850 GOOSE message • Engineering process of the 132kV breaker failure protection scheme with the IEC 61850 GOOSE message configuration. Slide No. • Performance specification of the breaker failure protection scheme with the IEC 61850 GOOSE message. Project Deliverables • The verified model of 132kV of Breaker Failure Protection with the IEC 61850 GOOSE message • Functional specification of the Breaker Failure Protection based on TNB scheme with the IEC 61850 GOOSE message. 27 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research .

00 0. 28 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . Seminar & Training 0.00 0.00 0. Research Material 0.00 0.00 Slide No.00 0.00 4.00 4.412.00 0.400.476.812.00 0.00 542.00 0.00 GRAND TOTAL 70.00 0.000.00 258.00 0.00 2. Travelling & Miscellaneous 0.00 328. Research Equipment 0.00 471.00 6.476.288.000. Specialised Services & 0. Manpower Cost 70.00 209.888.00 5.00 209.00 3.00 0.00 Consultancy 4.00 0.400. Project Cost Financial Year Cost (RM) Description 2012 2013 2014 Total 1.00 0.

29 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . Project Organization Slide No.

Problem Statement • TNB didn’t employ the breaker failure protection scheme in 132kV substation due to – Expensive: current scheme use a dedicated relay. – Competency issues: the current breaker failure scheme require a complex scheme and complicated wiring. So only the important substation (500kV. 30 Involve to Solve Copyright © 2011 TNB Research . 275kV and 132kV GIS substation) have this function. Slide No. This required a higher competency level (staff) to perform maintenance and trouble shooting work.