DAMPAK LINGKUNGAN

Vs.
SAMPAH

Oleh:
PM PSLP PPSUB
Soemarno, 2011

PERMASALAHAN
LINGKUNGAN AKIBAT
SAMPAH

KESEHATAN KUALITAS
LINGKUNGAN/ LINGKUNGAN
MASYARAKAT FISIKO-KIMIA

KUALITAS
LINGKUNGAN
BIOLOGI

SAMPAH = SAMPAH = SUMBERDAYA
BAHAN YANG TIDAK EKONOMI
BERGUNA

BUANGLAH SAMPAH KUMPULKAN SAMPAH
PADA TEMPATNYA PADA TEMPATNYA

3.Tetra Tetrakloro kloroetilen etilen& &kloroform kloroform:: Feto-toksik Feto-toksik 2.Kloro-benzene: Kloro-benzene: Perkembangan Perkembanganjanin janin 4.CH4 CH4------ ------CO2 CO2------ ------H2CO3 H2CO3 NH3------ NH3 ------NH4NO3 NH4NO3 HujanAsam Hujan Asam H2S ------ H2S ------H2SO4 H2SO4 5.Metilen-klorida.2.5.4. BIO-GAS -BERBAHAYA 1. Metilen-klorida.Bau BauBusuk Busuksampah sampah :: Dampak Dampakemosional emosionalmasyarakat masyarakat .Benzene Benzene& &Metil-etil-keton Metil-etil-keton :: Embrio-toksik Embrio-toksik 3. PENCEMARAN UDARA AKIBAT SAMPAH BAU BUSUK ASAP .1.

0 Pleasant 0. KUALITAS UDARA: ODOR & VISUAL Kurva fungsional O & V Indeks Kualitas 1.4 0.2 disagreeable 0.0 Visual Quality Heavy Moderate Clear pollution .6 Lacking odor sampah 0.8 odor 0.

6 0.0 0.4 0.8 sampah 0.2 0. KUALITAS UDARA: PARTIKULAT Kurva fungsional (Microscale) Indeks Kualitas 1.0 100 200 300 400 Rataan 24 jam ( g/m3) .

ppm .8 sampah 0.2 0.00).09.0 0.6 0.4 Rataan 3 jam (06.4 0.3 0.2 0.00 .0 0.1 0. KUALITAS UDARA : HIDROKARBON Kurva fungsional (Microscale) Indeks Kualitas 1.

KUALITAS UDARA : CARBON MONOKSIDA Kurva fungsional (Microscale) Indeks Kualitas 1. ppm .0 10 20 30 40 50 Konsentrasi 1 jam .4 0.8 sampah 0.2 0.0 0.6 0.

8 0.4 0.10 0. KUALITAS UDARA : OKSIDA NITROGEN Kurva fungsional (Microscale) Indeks Kualitas 1. ppm .0 0.6 sampah 0.05 0.2 0.0 0.15 Annual average .

COD NITROGEN PENCEMARAN AIR FOSFAT BANJIR . SAMPAH DEKOMPOSISI MENYUMBAT SALURAN AIR LINDI (LEACHATE) BOD .

(Detritus) (Detritus) C Sedimen . SIKLUS KARBON CO2 SAMPAH SAMPAH UDARA C Anorganik C C Fitoplankton Zooplankton C-organik C-organik soluble suspend.

0 0.8 Sampah 0.6 ppm Kurva fungsional DO Indeks Kualitas 1.0 2 4 6 8 ppm DO .2 0.14. KISARAN DO DALAM AIR NORMAL: 7.6 9 ppm : jenuh 0.1 .4 0.

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 ppm BOD .4 k Sungai 0.6 wadu 0.2 0. KUALITAS AIR: BOD Kurva fungsional BOD Indeks Kualitas 1.8 Sampah 0.0 0.

ANORGANIK Kurva fungsional Kadar N-anorganik Indeks Kualitas 1.0 Sampah 0.0 1 2 4 6 8 10 .4 0.8 0.2 0.6 0. KUALITAS AIR: N.

SIKLUS P DALAM PERAIRAN SAMPAH SAMPAH Jaringa n Jaringa tanama n n binatan g DIP P- Batua anorganik POP & DOP larut particulate & n dissolved fosfat SEDIMEN Jaringa n Bakteri .

8 sampah 0.06 0.0 0.02 0.6 0. KUALITAS AIR: FOSFAT.4 0.04 0.08 0.0 0.ANORGANIK Kurva fungsional Kadar P-anorganik Indeks Kualitas 1.10 ppm P .2 0.

2 0.4 0.6 sampah 0.8 0.0 0.0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Satuan Turbiditas Jackson . KUALITAS AIR: TURBIDITAS Kurva fungsional TURBIDITAS Indeks Kualitas 1.

KUALITAS AIR: COLIFORM Kurva fungsional Coliform Indeks Kualitas 1.8 0.4 0.6 sampah 0.2 0.0 101 102 103 104 105 106 MPN/100 ml .0 0.

6 odor Noticeable 0.0 0.8 Lacking 0.2 Disagreeable 0. KUALITAS AIR: ODOR & FLOATING MATERIAL Kurva fungsional Indeks Kualitas sampah 1.4 0.0 None Light Moderate Heavy Floating material .

8 0.0 Clear 0.0 Static Slow Moderate Whitewater Flow characteristics .4 0.6 Moderate turbid 0.2 Turbid 0. KUALITAS ESTETIKA AIR: Water appearance Kurva fungsional Indeks Kualitas sampah 1.

NYAMUK KECOAK TIKUS SAMPAH SAMPAH CACING MIKROBA VEKTOR / PATOGEN ----. GANGGUAN KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN LALAT.GANGGUAN PENYAKIT .

karet. gelas. kardus. DAUR ULANG SAMPAH ANORGANIK Kertas. logam. dll BERNILAI EKONOMI Bahan baku proses produksi Bahan baku Proses produksi Produk X Produk Y PRODUK X PRODUK Y . plastik.

SAMPAH ORGANIK PENGOLAHAN PENGOMPOSAN KOMPOS PAKAN TERNAK .

RECYCLING MENGURANGI SUMBER SAMPAH USE & REUSE PRODUCT CHANGE REKLAMASI SOURCE CONTROL INPUT MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY CHANGE CHANGE GOOD OPERATING PRACTICES .

Pengelolaan sampah juga dilakukan untuk memulihkan sumber daya alam . atau radioaktif dengan metoda dan keahlian khusus untuk masing masing jenis zat. lingkungan atau keindahan. pendaur-ulangan . . Pengertian ini biasanya mengacu pada material sampah yg dihasilkan dari kegiatan manusia. Pengelolaan sampah bisa melibatkan zat padat . atau pembuangan dari material sampah. dan biasanya dikelola untuk mengurangi dampaknya terhadap kesehatan. cair . pemrosesan . pengangkutan . gas . PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH adalah pengumpulan .

Sumber: http://duniarumah.html .blogspot.com/2010/10/apa-itu-pengolahan- sampah.

The overall intent of these policy statements is to move Irish waste management away from landfill into those options that feature in the upper echelons of the hierarchy.aspx?ID=96448806- bc07-4f5a-9e67-cb684d985609&PID=518accea-eec4- 4cdf-b034-78ce58eacb4d .ie/Content.envirocentre. whereby waste prevention and re-use are viewed as the most desirable options for managing wastes with the least desirable option considered being landfill. http://www.Hierarchy of Waste Management The EU concept of a waste management hierarchy.

http://t3-1contaminant. Domestic waste can vary from cleaning products.blogspot.html . DOMESTIC WASTES AND WATER POLLUTION Domestic waste is classified as a point source of pollution.com/2010/03/introduction-water-is-essential-to-our. to household things used by regular people. When these domestic liter is mixed in with the clean environment. These pollutants can pose a high risk on a large scale. because the wastewater from homes and commercial establishments is often directly emitted into bodies of water. the pollution and our water can be combined into a very deadly mix.

water or swimming in toxic water. this can threaten our living. DOMESTIC WASTES AND WATER POLLUTION Effects of water pollution are the death of marine organisms in rivers and oceans (this may be due to lack of oxygen. When our waters are polluted. not enough food. Many diseases will come with drinking unpure.).blogspot. heart disease.html . diarrhea. http://t3-1contaminant. nervous system disorders. destruction of habitat. etc. skin lesions.com/2010/03/introduction-water-is-essential-to-our. and vomiting in humans. Such health problems may be blood disease. lack of sunlight.

Sources of these nutrients include animal wastes. visible patches near the surface of the water. as these organisms thrive in the presence of the added nutrients. prohibiting light from penetrating deeper areas of lake or stream. An algae bloom occurs as the algae accumulates into dense. http://library.org/04oct/01590/pollution/eutrophication. The ecosystem quickly experiences an increase in photosynthetic and blue-green algae. Eutrophication occurs when large quantities of nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates enter an aquatic environment. but for them an even more serious problem arises when the algae begin to die.thinkquest. Some fish are unable to survive without this light.html . and sewage. agricultural runoff.

for example.controlling runoff from feedlots 4.controlling application amount and timing of fertilizer 3. CONTROLLING EUTROPHICATION The following is a list of methods that can be used to control eutrophication: 1.researching use of biological controls.planting vegetation along streambeds to slow erosion and absorb nutrients 2. the process of denitrification uses specialized bacteria that convert nitrates to harmless molecular nitrogen .

SEKIAN DULU. TERIMA KASIH ATAS PERHATIANNYA SEMOGA BERMANFAAT WASSALAM ! .