OUR

SYSTEM
Our systems are resposible for different things for the body to make the
body work better.

In this presentation we are going to explain five systems:

 The Digestive System
 The Respiratory System
 The Circulatory System
 The Reproductive System
 The Excretory System

By: Lucía M, Carlota, Raquel, Iván and
Gonzalo

Theses juices combine with bile produced in the liver . .  The digestive system begins in the mouth. This mixture is called a bolus. and pancreatic juice produced in the pancreas. The chyme becomes a milky liquid called chyle.  The chyme travels to the small intesting which produces intestinal juices.  Then the bolus reaches the stomach wich produces gastric juices. where our teeth brake down food and mixses with saliva. The bolus reaches to the pharynx and goes down to the oesophagus.  In the large intestine water is absorved and the remianing undigested food parts turn into solid faeces. These juices break down food even further forming a mixture called chyme. Digestion takes place in the digestive system.  Nutrients are absorved into blood in the small intestine. Feaces leave the body through the anus. THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM Digestion is the process of braking down food into nutrients that our body can use.

 When we inhale air enters through the nostrils.  The air sacs in the lungs are surrounded by small blood vessels. The blood carries the oxygen to all the cells in our body. THE RESPIRATORY Respiration is the process by which we breath in or inhale to obtain the oxygen ourSYSTEM body needs.  The oxygen in the air we inhale passes from the air sacs into the blood. . and we breath out or exhale to eliminate the carbon dioxide our body produces. The trachea is divided into two branches called the bronchi. Respiration takes place in the respiratory system. The bronchi takes the air into both lungs. The bronchioles guide to the air sacs. The carbon dioxide produced by all the body cells travels through the blood and passes into the air sacs. goes through the pharynx and travels down the larynx and the trachea. Air sacs are moist surfaces in the lungs where gas exchanges takes place. the bronchi are divided into smaller branches called bronchioles.  Inside the lungs.

*PULMONARY CIRCULATION Alows for the exchange of gases in the lungs. . *SYSTEMIC CIRCULATION Alows for the exchange of nutrients.This circuit carries blood to the lungs to expel carbon dioxide. THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM *BLOOD Blood is a liquid substances in our body that reaches all the body cells: -Plasma -Red blood cells-White blood cells-platelets *BLOOD VESSELS Blood vessels are tubes which transpor blood throug the body: -Arteries-Veins-Capillaries *HEART The heart is a special type of muscle.gases and waste products in the body cells.It acts as a pump to send blood around the body throug the blood vessels.

REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM *PUBERTY Puberty is the stage of life when a reproductive organs become funcional and secondary sexual characteristics develop(it also causes emotional changes).Puberty may take place between the ages of 10 and 14 in girls. *MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM The male reproductive system consists of following organs :-testes -sperm ducts -prostate gland and semen -urethra -penis . and 12 and 16 in boys. *FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM The female reproductive system consists of several organs: -ovaries -fallopian tubes -uterus or womb -vagina-vulva.

*BIRTH Brirth happens at the end of pregnancy -fist stage -second stage -third stage *LACTATION Is the piriod when the mother´s breasts produce milk. the embryo and the placenta are conected by the umbilical cord. REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM *PREGNANCY -The embryo sorrunded by a sac called amnion -A new organ placenta inside the uterus . .

. ammonia. THE EXCRETORY SYSTEM The human excretory system functions to remove waste from the human body.ourethra) is a tube which connects the urinary bladder to the outside of the body. The excretory system is very important to your body and only has a few parts The results of the excretory system as urine -Kidneys The kidney's primary function is the elimination of waste from the bloodstream by production of urine. Ureter The ureters are muscular ducts that propel urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder. and uric acid. Urethra In anatomy. Excrete toxic metabolic by-products such as urea. the (from Greek ..