which is also known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland .England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

known as St. England's national floral emblem Motto: "God and my right" . SYMBOLS: The national flag of England. George's Cross The Royal Standard The Tudor rose.

a rich culture and an ever-varied landscape. stately palaces and humble cottages. Prehistoric temples. The name "England" is derived from the Old English word Englaland. Roman cities and Medieval castles lie side by side with ruined abbeys. . which means "land of the Angles". It is a country blessed with a long history. The Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in England during the Early Middle Ages.

today spoken by hundreds of millions of people around the world. originated as the language of England Distribution of the English language . the English language. LANGUAGE As its name suggests.

The most well-known universities of England are… . EDUCATION After finishing compulsory education. pupils take a GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) examination. following which they may decide to continue in further education and attend a further education college.

University of Cambridge . Christ Church. University of Oxford King's College.

amongst the best known are Stonehenge . ARCHITECTURE Many ancient standing stone monuments were erected during the prehistoric period.

 Palace of Westminster.It was the Romans who founded the first cities and towns such as London. in Worcestershire . Chester and St Albans. or mock tower. Bath. Cathedral English Baroque  The Broadway Tower is a folly. the seat of the Parliament of the United Kingdom St. Paul's Cathedral. York.

goblins and dwarves. Folklore English folklore developed over many centuries. Excalibur. perhaps. Some of the characters and stories are present across England. featuring King Arthur. Tales originating from Brythonic traditions entered English folklore. the best known. Common folkloric beings include giants. but most belong to specific regions. such as the Arthurian myth. Camelot. . The legend from after the Norman invasion: Robin Hood and his Merry Men of Sherwood and their battles with the Sheriff of Nottingham is. elfs. trolls. Merlin and the Knights of the Round Table such as Lancelot.

Hamlet. the period of Old English literature provided the epic poem Beowulf. Brontë sisters. Thomas Hardy and many others. Macbeth. Jane Austen. the secular prose of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. Rudyard Kipling. Authors from around the time of the Victorian era include Dickens. POETRY AND PHILOSOPHY Early authors wrote in Latin. . William Shakespeare (Romeo and Juliet. LITERATURE. A Midsummer Night's Dream) remains one of the most championed authors in English literature.