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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. which is also known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland .

SYMBOLS: The national flag of England. George's Cross The Royal Standard The Tudor rose. known as St. England's national floral emblem Motto: "God and my right" .

Prehistoric temples. It is a country blessed with a long history. . a rich culture and an ever-varied landscape. stately palaces and humble cottages. which means "land of the Angles". The name "England" is derived from the Old English word Englaland. The Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in England during the Early Middle Ages. Roman cities and Medieval castles lie side by side with ruined abbeys.

the English language. today spoken by hundreds of millions of people around the world. LANGUAGE As its name suggests. originated as the language of England Distribution of the English language .

EDUCATION After finishing compulsory education. following which they may decide to continue in further education and attend a further education college. The most well-known universities of England are… . pupils take a GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) examination.

Christ Church. University of Cambridge . University of Oxford King's College.

ARCHITECTURE Many ancient standing stone monuments were erected during the prehistoric period. amongst the best known are Stonehenge .

Chester and St Albans. Bath. the seat of the Parliament of the United Kingdom St. in Worcestershire .It was the Romans who founded the first cities and towns such as London. York. Paul's Cathedral. Cathedral English Baroque  The Broadway Tower is a folly.  Palace of Westminster. or mock tower.

Excalibur. Camelot. featuring King Arthur. the best known. such as the Arthurian myth. elfs. but most belong to specific regions. The legend from after the Norman invasion: Robin Hood and his Merry Men of Sherwood and their battles with the Sheriff of Nottingham is. Some of the characters and stories are present across England. goblins and dwarves. perhaps. Folklore English folklore developed over many centuries. trolls. . Common folkloric beings include giants. Tales originating from Brythonic traditions entered English folklore. Merlin and the Knights of the Round Table such as Lancelot.

POETRY AND PHILOSOPHY Early authors wrote in Latin. Macbeth. the secular prose of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. Jane Austen. LITERATURE. . Authors from around the time of the Victorian era include Dickens. A Midsummer Night's Dream) remains one of the most championed authors in English literature. Rudyard Kipling. Brontë sisters. Thomas Hardy and many others. Hamlet. the period of Old English literature provided the epic poem Beowulf. William Shakespeare (Romeo and Juliet.