GROUP 4

PHOSPHORO
US CYCLE

CONTENTS 1. Importance of phosphorous cycle 6. Human effects . The quantities of phosphorus in soil 3. The role of phosphorus in animals and plants 4. What is phosphorous? 2. The steps in phosphorus cycle 5.

What is phosphorous? • Phosphorus is a chemical element found on Earth in numerous compound forms such as : in soil phosphate io in water n (PO43-) in sediment .

. The quantities of phosphorus in soil • are generally small. • Animals absorb phosphates by eating plants or plant-eating animals. and this often limits plant growth • That is why people often apply phosphate fertilizers on farmland.

. • It plays a critical role in cell development and is a key component of molecules that store energy. The role of phosphorOus in animals and plants • Phosphorus is an essential nutrient for animals and plants. DNA and lipids (fats and oils). such as ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Insufficient phosphorus in the soil can result in a decreased crop yield.

STEPS OF PHOSPHOROUS CYCLE .

The plants may then be consumed by animals. Once 4 Within the soil.1• Phosphorus moves in a cycle 2 Over time. rocks to release phosphate ions and other minerals. This inorganic phosphate is then distributed in soils and 3 Plants take up inorganic water. rain through rocks. organic in the plant or animal. . phosphate from the soil. the forms of phosphate can be phosphate is incorporated made available to plants into organic molecules such by bacteria that break down as DNA. mineralisation. This the organic phosphate is process is known as returned to the soil. soil and and weathering cause sediments and organisms. water. and forms of phosphorus. When the plant or organic matter to inorganic animal dies. it decays.

it can be incorporated into sediments over time. Once there.5• Phosphorus in soil can end up in waterways and eventually oceans. .

The Phosphorous cycle .

it often causes an “algal bloom. phosphorus cycles naturally through the soil. the phosphorous cycle can be thrown off balance. •Phosphorous is an essential nutrient for living organisms.” as hundreds of algae cells take advantage of the injection of nutrients. •Like most nutrient cycles. • Human activities like deforestation and over-fertilizing of crop fields can result in too much phosphorous entering a stream. or ocean. . •When relatively large amounts of phosphorous enter a body of water through natural or human activities. lake. •This results in an algae population explosion that can be harmful to many other aquatic life forms. The importance of Phosphorous Cycle •In nature. water. and its importance to life on Earth can be observed most easily in a lake or stream. however. plant and animal tissues.

Human Effects • The mining of phosphate ores for fertilizer affects the time cycle of the phosphorous cycle • Mining results in the premature release of phosphate into the cycle which can cause an abundance of algae to form • Normal levels of phosphorous in surface water is 0.03 mg/L .01 to 0.

Q&A .

QUESTION 1 • What is the characteristics of white phosphorous? .

QUESTION 2 • How does the phosphorous enter plants in the soil? .

QUESTION 3 • What will happen when large amount of phosphorous enter a body of water through natural or human activities? .

Thank you .