Project presentation

Propeller clock using arduino nano

A project by:
Rohan Mahajan , Rishab Batra and Pawan
 Arduino propeller clock is based on an advanced viewing technology known as
POV (persistence of vision). In current era in which energy is the main factor
in designing all the applications, maximum and efficient use of the energy is
very important .
 The core phenomenon on which the entire project is based is the Persistence
of vision. Persistence of vision is the phenomenon pertaining to the human
eye by which an afterimage is thought to persist for approximately one
twenty-fifth of a second on the retina.
 To overcome the drawback of old processor we have decided to implement
the same display atop a new and advanced microprocessor, the Arduino nano.
This platform brings with it newer coding and a different understanding of
peripherals. ARDUINO INTERFACE BOARDS provide us with a low-cost, easy-to
use technology to create the project.

 The way this phenomenon of persistence of vision works is based on the belief
that human perception of motion (brain centered) is the result of persistence
of vision (eye centered). Any motion that we see around us is the direct
implication of persistence of vision phenomenon at work.
 A two dimensional POV display is often accomplished by means of rapidly
moving a single row of LEDs along a linear or circular path. The effect is that
the image is perceived as a whole by the viewer as long as the entire path is
completed during the visual persistence time of the human eye .
 A further effect is often to give the illusion of the image floating in mid-air. A
3 dimensional POV display is often constructed using a 2D grid of LEDs which
is swept or rotated through a volume. POV display devices can be used in
combination with long camera exposures to produce light.
Example from day to day life:

 The cost of these projects is generally low , as it requires only a rotating
mechanism and power used by an LED is generally very low and the on time
lasts for very few seconds.
 The only main cost generated for making this project is while buying Arduino
which is an one time investment and the batteries need to be replaced after
a certain while.
 In industry and day to day use the cost is very low which makes the project
feasible and attractive.
Literature Review:

This project was started with a simple principle which is frequently encountered
in our everyday life, which is Persistence of Vision. This phenomenon makes one
feel fast moving/changing objects to appear continuous. A television is a common
example; in which image is re-scanned every 25 times, thereby appear
continuous. Further, a glowing object if rotated in a circle at fast speed, it shows
a continuous circle. By modifying this basic idea, 8 LEDs can be rotated in a
circle, showing 7 concentric circles. But if these LEDs are switched at precise
intervals, a steady display pattern can be shown.
Existing Systems: Existing systems do employ POV principle, but for displaying
each pixel, individual LED is used. This results in a huge number of LEDs even for
small sized displays. By using a propeller type display, LED count can be kept to a
bare minimum. Even 8 LEDs can perform a task of over 525 LEDs.

PROPELLER: Propeller is a term associated with a circular rotating object. As this
project needs to rotate whole circuit assembly, there must be some prime mover
attached to it. So, the term ‘Propeller’

LED DISPLAY: This project uses bright light emitting diodes for displaying the
characters and symbols on its assembly. That’s why this project is named as
Components used:
 1. Arduino Nano
 2. Zero PCB board (35mm x 150mm)
 3. 3mm LED x 8
 4. 220 ohm Resistor x 8
 5. 100 ohm Resistor x 1
 6. 10k ohm Resistor x 2
 7. Opto sensor
 8. Transistor BC337 (NPN)
 9. 500mah LiPo Battery
 10. Dc Motor
Circuit diagram:
Applications :

 Applications can find their way into cost effective solutions for large public
displays, information systems. It can directly replace Railway station
information displays, bus stands and many more places.
 A POV display has many advantages over a traditional CRT, LCD or LED
display, like power savings, less complexity, easy configuration, attractiveness
 Much more cost effective if employed over a large scale.

 The project has began and is in its initial phase .
 We have bought all of the components and assembling has begun.
 The soldering part will be next on which we will work on .
 The arduino code has been written and is presented along the presentation.
 The arduino code or sketch has been written by Rohan and Rishabh and some
of it has been scavenged from the internet.
 Pawan is looking after the technical aspects like soldering and circuit
Thank You!