There are a couple of __________ theories that attempt to explain why. leaving positive charge. . We a ________ see lightning when e-s seek out positive charge in the air or ground.Lightning is produced because of a charge separation in a cloud… The top of the cloud is positively charged and the bottom is __________ negatively charged. (See article or ACT practice question for the details.) The negative base of cloud INDUCES ____e-s on the ground to moveaway____ from ____ the surface.

Lightning could strike at any moment! . and you begin to feel your hair stand up (as did this woman). This is a sign that the earth (and you!) are getting charged positively….If you are outside when thunderstorms are in the area. WATCH out….

Lightning Rods Lightning rods are typically thin metal ++ ++ ++ rods that protect against lightning ++ ++ ++ damage by providing a safe pathway to the ground for the lightning. _____ down through the channel formed to ______ lightning the ________ ____rod and then into the Streamer that did ground. traveling“stepped leader” is _______ ________ attracted to the streamer. + Intense ___ charge builds up at the tip of the rod. NOT connect . which can then help initiate what’s called an upward- traveling+ streamer The downward _________. WHEN they e-s travel contact each other.

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3. We know this by analyzing “fulgurites”. A typical “bolt” is about ______ thick. About _____ - 4. sand that has been “fused” into a glass-like channel from the intense heat of lightning. . Temperature is approximately ___5 times hotter than the surface of the sun! Produces THUNDER! 6000 bolts strike earth each minute. 2. Lightning is most likely crooked because + and ___ charge attract and “pockets” of ___ deflect lightning bolt. Some Basic Lightning “Facts” 1 inch 1.

Lightning Questions: 1. What should you do if you are outside in an open area (like a golf course!) during a thunderstorm? STAND UP • DON’T _____________! (like a lightning rod… tallest thing around) LIE DOWN • DON’T ____________! (Ground Current… charge spreads out once lightning hits the earth…. Cows are often killed because of this!) Squat or ________! • DO _______ Crouch Ground Current .

it’s NOT because of the _______ ____! rubber ______. There are many accounts of people living through a lightning hit. ______________ Smooth barked trees survive easier than oaks for the same reason!! .2. (Recall that the electric field inside a zero conductor is _____!) 3. Is it dangerous to be in a car that is hit by lightning? NO But. tires It’s because charge outside of the ______ stays on the ________ metal frame. both indirect and direct! How could a person survive a direct lightning strike? It helps if the victim is wet ____! Since water _____ is a better conductor than human flesh. e-s travel easier through thewater “sheath”on outside of body.

and Emmanuel Garet.From "Lichtenberg Figures Due to a Lightning Strike" by Yves Domart. MD. 2000 . MD. Volume 343:1536. November 23. New England Journal of Medicine.

4. being wet increases the likelihood that the charge does NOT enter your body and cause internal burns. What might cause this? Before the strike some water droplets are suspended electric field _________ in the _________________ of the field cloud. .There are two main ways that people die from a lightning strike: internal burns and heart stoppage. So. allowing the droplets to fall. only an electric shock (defibrillator) can restore it. IF the heart stops. When lightning strikes. A “rain gush” is sometimes observed at the location of a lightning strike. the _______ strength is reduced.

like those in the next video. trigger lightning by firing wire-trailing rockets into a storm cloud.Lightning researchers. giving the lightning a pathway to ground! .