TENSES

Tenses ?
Can we find it in our own language?
1. Tom main bola setiap
minggu.
Tom plays football every
week.
2. Ron sedang bemain bola sekarang.
Ron is playing football now.
3. Eri telah bermain bola.
Eri has played football.
4. Jono bermain bola kemaren.
Jono played football
yesterday.

TENSES
PAST PRESENT FUTURE

Simple Past Tense Simple Present Simple Future
Tense Tense
Past Progressive
Tense Present Future Progressive
Progressive Tense Tense

Past Perfect Tense Present Perfect Future Perfect
Tense Tense
Past Perfect
Progressive Tense Present Perfect Future Perfect
Progressive Tense Progressive Tense

2. The sun sets in the west. Simple Present Tense Past time future time 1. They study English Every day. .

Christian does not read the Holy Koran every day.Habitual Agnes reads the Holy Koran every day. Does Fitri read the Holy Koran every day? b. Factual The sun rises in the east. Simple Present Tense a. . The sun does not rise in the west.

Present Continuous Tense past time future time They are studying English now. .

Present Continuous Tense Subjec am/is/a verb. ng h . object adverb t re ing of time They are studyi Englis now.

Present Perfect Tense past time future time They have already studied English. .

Present Perfect Tense Subject have/ha verb-3 object duratio s n of time They have studie Englis for 2 d h hours. .

.Present Perfect Continuous Tense past time future time 2 hours They have been studying English for 2 hours.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense Subjec have/h been verb. object durati t as ing on of time They have been studyin English for 2 g hours. .

Simple Past Tense past time future time They studied English yesterday. .

Past Tense Subject verb-2 object adverb of time They studied English yesterda y. .

. Past Continuous Tense Past time future time They were studying when I came yesterday.

Past Continuous Tense Subject was/wer verb-ing object adverb e of time when They were studyi Englis I came ng h yester- day. .

Past Perfect Tense Past time Englis future time Studi slep ed h t They had studied English before they slept. .

Past Perfect Tense Subject had verb-3 object adverb of time before They had studie Englis they d h slept last night. .

.Past Perfect Continuous Tense past time future time came Studie Englis d h 2 hours They had been studying English for 2 hours when I came.

objec durati adver ct ing t on of b of time time when They had been studyin Englis for I g h 2 came hours yester -day. Past Perfect Continuous Tense Subje had been verb. .

. Simple Future Tense past time future time They will study English tomorrow .

. Future Tense Subject will verb-1 object adverb of time They will study Englis next h week.

Future Continuous Tense past time future time They will be studying English when I come. .

Future Continuous Tense Subjec will be verb. . object adver t ing b of time when I come They will be studyin English at g seven o’clock tonight.

. Future Perfect Tense past time future time English Study arriv e They will have studied when I arrive.

. Future Perfect Tense Subjec will have verb-3 object adver t b of time when I come They will have studied English at seven o’clock tonight.

Future Perfect Continuous Tense past time future time English Study arrive 2 hours They will have been studying English for 2 hours .

Future Perfect Continuous Tense Subje will have been verb. objec durati adver ct ing t on of b of time time by the They will have been studyin Englis for 2 time g h hours I arrive at seven tonigh t. .

Present Perfect Present Continuous Continuous . Roni has been studying English for 2 hours. 2. Kivlan is studying English now. Difference We don’t know when • We know when Roni Kivlan started started studying. Similarity Both of them are studying English. (2 studying. 4. . hours ago) .

.3. Alid has studied English. Difference • We don’t know when • We know when Deni Alid studied English. Deni studied English last night. 5. Present Perfect Tense Past Tense Similarity • Both activities have happened. studied English.

not studying English. Noni is • At this time. Difference • At this time. 4. Nino has studied English for 2 hours. Present Perfect Present Perfect Tense Continuous Similarity • Both activities started at the same time in the past.3. Noni has been studying English for 2 hours. . Nino is still studying English.

. Dito started studying (2 hours before I came) English. Dito was studying English when I came yesterday. Doti had been studying English for 2 hours when I came yesterday Past Perfect Past Continuous Continuous Similarity Both were studying English in certain time in the past.6. 8. Difference We don’t know when • We know when Doti started studying English.

Doti had been studying English for 2 hours when I came yesterday. . Past Perfect Past Perfect Tense Continuous Similarity Both expres 2 activities in the past.7. when activity happened. 8. They had studied English before they slept yesterday. Difference Activity 1 was done Activity 1 was still in completely then progress (after 2 hours) activity 2 happened.

. 12.10. Future Perfect Future Continuous Continuous Similarity • Both expres 2 activities happen in the future. Toni will be studying English when I come at. 7 tonight. Difference • We don’t know when • We know when the activity 1 starts. activity 1 starts. Tino will have been studying English for 2 hours by the time I come at 7 tonight. Activity 1 is till progress when activity 2 happens.

11. 12. They will have been studying English for 2 hours by the time I arrive at 7 tonight. at 7 o’clock) . Difference Activity 1 is till progress • Activity 1 finishes when when activity 2 happens. (2 hours before activity 1 will start. They will have studied English when I arrive at 7 tonight. activity 2 happens. We We know when activity 1 don’t know when will start. Future Perfect Future Perfect Tense Continuous Similarity • Both express 2 activities happen in the future.

C will be writing thesis when I come at 7 tonight. Difference In progress at this In progress in moment the past .2. 8. 6. A is writing a novel now. Present Past Continuous Continuous Similarity • The sentences above that the mains activity are in progress. B was writing an article when I came yesterday.