You are on page 1of 21

Ground water Resources


Dr. M. Farhad Howladar,

Dept. of Petroleum & Mining Engineering,
SUST, Sylhet
Fig. 1. Location map of the Barapukuria coal mine area, Parbotipur Upazila, Dinajpur District,
Bangladesh (modified after CMC, unpublished report; Howladar, 2012).
Table 1. The generalized stratigraphic succession of the Barapukuria Coal Basin, Dinajpur, B
angladesh based on geological drill hole. (CMC, unpublished report; Imam, 2005)
Fig. 2. Stratigraphic cross section of the Barapukuria Basin, immediately before mining operation of
Barapukuria coal field (modified after Mostofa G.A.K.M., unpublished thesis; Howladar and Hasan, unpublished manuscript).
Hydrostratigraphic succession of the Barapukuria
Coal Mine area

Age Lithologic unit Hydrostratigraphic Lithology Averag

units e
ss in m

Pliestocene Barind Clay Aquiclude Clay and Sandy 10

Residium clay
Upper Dupi Tila Aquifer Medium sand 104
Pliocene interbeded with fine
sand, pebbly grit
and thin clay.

Lower Dupi Tila Aquiclude Weathered residual 80

clay, clay silts,
interbeded with
silty mudstone and
course grain quartz.
Gondwana Aquifer Medium to coarse- 156
Permian grained sandstone and
Pebbly sandstone,
interbeded with coal
seam I to V; also 140
siltstone and mudstone.
I)Sandstone of Aquifer
Medium to coarse
Seam VI Roof
grained Sandstone, Grit
stone, interbeded with
thin medium to fine
grained Sandstone,
Siltstone and Mudstone
are some times
Fine grained sandstone,
Medium to fine grained
II) Sandstone of Aquifer
sandstone interbeded
Seam VI Floor
with siltstone,
carbonaceous mudstone
and 2/3 beds of tuffy
igneous, and
Complex metamorphic rocks
with sandy and
muddy fragments
interbeded with
a)Upper Section Relatively 53
aquiclude fine grained
mudstones and
Lower Section molted mudstones 31
at bottom.
Quartz Diorite and
Diorite gneiss.
Hydrogeological condition of the Barapukuria Coal Mine area as

The LDT is the main aquiclude in the study area and

the lack of this layer within the 0.29km2 towards the northern
region causes a great influence in to the recharge
condition of the lower aquifer.

There is a vertical recharge from UDT to the Gondwana aquifer

at the northern part of the mine area.

Because of relative homogeneity, big thickness, well developed

vertical and horizontal fissures also good recharge

From UDT to Gondwana formation the roof sandstone of coal seam

VI is a good aquifer which is affecting the mining condition
Table 9. Water Inflow (WI) into the underground roadway predicted up to the year 2040.

WI Prediction
Year Remarks
(m3/hr) up to Year 2040

Start from
2001 The calculated average increasing

rate of WI into the roadway per

2001-2010 465.9796-1555.488
year is 0.3338103%
2011-2020 1555.488-5192.38
After 10 year = 3.338103%
2021-2030 5192.38-17332.70
After 20 year = 6.676206%

After 30 year = 10.014309%

2031-2040 17332.70-57858.35
After 40 year = 13.352412%
Figure 4. The position of water bearing formation (UDT and LDT) in the BCM as well as in the
Gondwana coal basin modified after (AEC, 2005; Howladar and Hasan, 2013).
Location of Maddhapara Hardrock Mining Project (Source:
NAMNAM, 1996)
Schematic diagram of Maddhapara Hardrock
Mining Project (Source: NAMNAM, 1996)
zed Stratigraphic Succession of the Maddhapara area (After Rahman, 1

Rock Unit Lithology Age
Alluvium Sandy clay, silty clay Recent 0-0.5
Brown, yellowish brown clay; Pleistoce
Madhupur Clay 0.5-7
lower part sandy and silty ne
Sandstone, pebble sandstone
and pebble bed, yellow to
Dupi Tila Pliocene 7-120
brownish yellow, fine to very
coarse grained
Sandstone with inter-layering
Tura(?) of claystone, greyish white to Eocene 120-140
grey, lower part coarse grained
Sandstone (feldspathic)
Gondwana conglomerate, fine to coarse Permian 140-260
grained at places gritty
On top kaolinized weathered
Basement complex Fresh rock: Granodiorite to Below 140
quartz diorite and gneiss,
pegmatite & quartz veins at
Hydrostratigraphic succession of the Maddhapara area.
ogeologic cross section of Maddhapara area (Modified after Rahman, 198