‡ Some forecasters predict it will be between now and 2020 ‡ The IEA (International Energy Agency) predict that

demand for oil will increase by 1.3% each year between 2004-2030 ‡ Forecasters say that production will fall by 3% per year after the peak ‡ This means prices will rise and it could cause deep recessions

Europe ‡ Many refuse to accept the idea of peak oil ‡ Sweden say that they want to be ´oil freeµ by 2020. They aim to reduce oil consumption in transport by 40-50%, to not use any oil for heating residential or commercial buildings and to reduce consumption in industry by 25-40% ‡ France say that their peak will occur between 2013 and 2023 ‡ Germany say theirs will happen around 2017 ‡ But these countries have not yet produced a policy for tackling peak oil

USA ‡ They do not see peak oil as a threat that·s about to happen ‡ The Government Accountability Office say their peak will be between now and 2040 and that the US government was unprepared ‡ Many US towns and cities are preparing for climate change more that they are for peak oil. But the climate change plans will help to lessen/ease the affects of oil depletion ‡ The most advanced city in preparing for peak oil is Portland, Oregon ‡ Arlington, Virginia, has plans in place to tackle climate change, but they will also help with peak oil

UK ‡ Transition Towns: ‡ Community-led initiatives ‡ Originated in Totnes, but has now spread across the country ‡ Aim to reduce energy consumption in all areas of life in a community ‡ Groups of people in similar sectors of work (called working groups) get together and put forward ideas about how to reduce energy needs in their specific area, e.g. education, health and medicine, energy and food and agriculture ‡ A representative then puts these ideas forward at a meeting with all of the groups

1. Have a detailed list of council buildings and activities to help to see where cuts in energy could be made 2. Impact of peak oil on the local economy, environment and social services, i.e. food and agriculture, transport, education and waste 3. An emergency plan, so that if oil gets cut very quickly they have something to fall back on and there are no interruptions if oil was to rise suddenly 4. Set targets for reductions in oil and natural gas consumption and have incentives so that people help to achieve them ‡ Councils could also give out leaflets to the public to inform them about peak oil and the consequences of it. It would increase awareness and might encourage people to come forward with ideas about how to reduce the impact and/or reduce the amount of oil they use themselves