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THE BEHAVIORIST Social context


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TIMELINE OF BEHAVIORISM
DEFINITION OF BEVAHIORISM

Founded by John Watson in 1913.


Bevahiorism

Rests on the analyses of human behavior in observable


stimulus-response interaction and the association between
Behaviorism
them.

It is a learning theory which considers anything an


Behaviorism organism do as a behavior.
PROCESS OF
LEARNING The babies obtain native
language habits via varied
ACQUISITION babblings

THROUGH
BEHAVIORISM Since for his babblings and mutterings he is
rewarded; this reward reinforces further
articulations of the same sort into grouping
of syllables and words in a similar situation

He goes on emitting sounds, groups of


sounds ,as he grows up, he combines
the sentences via generalizations and
analogy

babblings and mutterings


grow into socialized speech.
PRINCIPLES OF LEARNING
BEHAVIORISM

Pavlov: Skinner:
Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning

Association Reinforcement Imitation

Positive Negative
CLASSICAL CONDITIONING
PAVLOV
OPERANT CONDITIONING
SKINNER
OPERANT CONDITIONING
IMITATION
According to Skinner
teaching

Aarrangement of contingencies of reinforcement


Under which

students learn
When teachers use
Contingencies accelerate learning
IMPLICATIONS FOR TEACHING
Skill and drill

Question
(stimulus)
Answer
(responses)

Positive reinforcements Successful where there is a correct response.


STUDENTS

Students are rewarded for


successful answers.

Learning involves repetition and


association and is mechanical

Students are motivated by rewards and avoid


punishments.
CRITICISM OF BEHAVIORISM

For a behaviorist what


occurs between the stimulus
and the response is of little
importance.

Not account for free will and


internal influences
REFERENCIAS BIBLIOGRFICAS

Demirezen. M. (1988). Behaviorist theory and Language Learning. Hacettepe


University, 3, 135 - 140.
Lemetyinen. H. (2012). Language Acquisition. 8 de febrero de 2017, de Simply Psicology Sitio web: http://
www.simplypsychology.org/language.html

McLeod. S. (2011). Bandura - Social Learning Theory. 8 de febrero de 2017, de Simply Psicology Sitio web:
http://www.simplypsychology.org/bandura.html

Samkange. W. (2015). Examing Skinners and Banduras Ideas on Language Acquisition: Implications for
the teacher. Global Journal of Advanced Research. Vol-2, Issue-11 PP. 1858-1863. Zimbabwe.
Sitio web: http://www.gjar.org/publishpaper/vol2issue12/d379r76.pdf

Torikul. M. (2013). First Language Acquisition Theories and Transition to SL..T he Asian Conference on
Language Learning 2013 Japan. Sitio web: http://iafor.org/archives/offprints/acll2013
offprints/ACLL2013_0289.pdf