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Sentences: Simple,

Compound, and
Complex
NAZREE MUNIR
SULARMORE AZRAL
NOOR SYAZWANI BTI BADROLHISAM
NUR AFIQAH ISHAK
NUR SYAFIQAH
Simple Sentences
Asimple sentencehas the most basic elements that
make it a sentence: a subject, a verb, and a completed
thought.

A simple sentences consists of only one subject and


one verb

The subject can be noun or pronoun

Single subject is followed by singular verb, while


Examples of simple sentences
Joe waited for the train.
"Joe" = subject, "waited" = verb

The train was late.
"The train" = subject, "was" = verb

Mary and Samantha took the bus.
"Mary and Samantha" = compound subject, "took" = verb

I looked for Mary and Samantha at the bus station.


"I" = subject, "looked" = verb

Compound Sentences
A compound sentences is a combination of two or more
simple sentences. It refers to a sentence made up of two
independent clauses (or complete sentences) connected to
one another with acoordinating conjunction.

It is formed by linking ideas that are related. You can use


conjunctions to link the sentences. Coordinating conjunctions
are easy to remember if you think of the words "FAN BOYS
FANBOYS
For
And
Nor
But
Or
Yet
So
Examples ofcompound sentences
Joe waited for the train,butthe train was late.

I looked for Mary and Samantha at the bus
station,butthey arrived at the station before noon and
left on the bus before I arrived.

Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus station before


noon,andthey left on the bus before I arrived.

Mary and Samantha left on the bus before I arrived,soI
did not see them at the bus station.
Complex Sentences
Acomplex sentenceis made up of an
independent clause and one or
moredependent clausesconnected to it.
A dependent clause is similar to an
independent clause, or complete sentence,
but it lacks one of the elements that would
make it a complete sentence.
Examples ofdependent clauses
because Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus
station before noon
while he waited at the train station
after they left on the bus

Dependent clauses such as those


abovecannotstand alone as a sentence, but they can
be added to an independent clause to form a complex
sentence.
Dependent clauses begin since
withsubordinating
conjunctions. Below are though
some of the most common unless
subordinating
conjunctions: until
when
After
although whenever
as whereas
because
wherever
before
even though while
if
The dependent clauses can go first in the sentence,
followed by the independent clause, as in the following:

Because Mary and Samantha arrived at the bus


station before noon, I did not see them at the
station.
While he waited at the train station, Joe realized
that the train was late.
After they left on the bus, Mary and Samantha
realized that Joe was waiting at the train station.
Conversely, the independent clauses can go first in
the sentence, followed by the dependent clause, as in
the following:

I did not see them at the station because Mary


and Samantha arrived at the bus station before
noon.
Joe realized that the train was late while he
waited at the train station.
Mary and Samantha realized that Joe was waiting
at the train station after they left on the bus.
reference
INTERNET
http://www2.ivcc.edu/rambo/eng1001/sentences.htm
(January 26, 2015. CopyrightRandy Rambo )
http://www.slideshare.net/guest2e9cea2a/simple-com
pound-complex-compound-complex-sentences?related=1

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English Basic