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BASICEE

INTRODUCTORY
CONCEPTS

Prepared By:
DONABEL DE VEAS-ABUAN
DEFINITION OF ENGINEERING

Engineering refers to the practice of


organizing the design and construction
of any artifice which transforms the
physical world around us to meet some
recognized need- G.F.C Rogers

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HISTORICAL PROFILES

Alessandro Antonio Volta (1745-1827)

Italian physicist
Invented electric battery (which provided the
first continuous flow of elctricity and the
capacitor).
He was performing electrical experiments at the
age of 18.
With the invention of the battery in 1796
revolutionized the use of electricity.
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HISTORICAL PROFILES

The publication of his work in 1800 marked the


beginning of electric circuit theory.
Voltage unit was named in his honor.

Andre-Marie Ampere (1775-1836)


French mathematician and physicist
His works led the foundation of
electrodynamics.
Formulated the laws of electromagnetics.

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HISTORICAL PROFILES

Invented electromagnet and the ammeter.


The unit of electric current was named after
him.

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INTRODUCTION

Two fundamental theories for which all branches of


electrical engineering are built:

1. Electric circuit theory


2. Electromagnetic theory

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INTRODUCTION

Branches of electrical engineering based on electric


circuit theory:
power
electric machines
control
electronics
communications
instrumentation

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INTRODUCTION

We are often interested in communicating or


transferring energy from one point to another. To
do this requires an interconnection of electrical
devices.

Such interconnection is referred to as an electric


circuit, and each component of the circuit is
known as an element.

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INTRODUCTION

An electric circuit is an interconnection of electrical


elements.
Simple electric circuit
1. battery
2. lamp
3. connecting wires

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INTRODUCTION

Basic concepts of electric circuits:


charge
current
voltage
circuit elements
power
energy

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SYSTEMS OF UNITS

International System of Units (SI), adopted by


the General Conference on Weights and
Measures in 1960.

One great advantage of SI unit is that it uses


prefixes based on the power of 10 to relate
larger and smaller units to the basic unit.

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SYSTEMS OF UNITS

The six(6) basic SI units


Quantity Basic Unit Symbol
Length meter m
Mass kilogram kg
Time second s
Electric ampere A
Current
Thermodyanamic kelvin K
Temperature
Luminous intensity candela cd
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CIRCUIT ELEMENTS

An ideal dependent (or controlled) source is


an active element in which the source
quantity is controlled by another voltage or
current.
Dependent sources are usually designated by
diamond-shaped symbols
1.A voltage-controlled voltage source (VCVS)
2.A current-controlled voltage source (CCVS)
3.A voltage-controlled current source (VCCS)
4.A current-controlled current source (CCCS)

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