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Building services I

1. Introduction
2. Water supply
3. Sanitation
4. Rain water harvesting
5. Fire services
Book - S.C. Rangwala, Water Supply and
Sanitary Engineering, Charaotar Publishing
House, 2005.
1.1 Introduction to Building Services Service Core Definitions, Types -
Basics of (MEP) Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing in Building.

1.2 Mechanical Introduction to Heating, Ventilation & Air Conditioning

and Fire Fighting Services.

1.3 Electrical Introduction to Electrical Services and Artificial Lighting


1.4 Plumbing Introduction to Water Supply and Sanitation, Waste

Management Rain Water Harvesting Systems.
A structure that has a roof and walls and stands
permanently in one place. The primary function of
buildings is to provide shelter to its occupants.

Residential Buildings, Educational Buildings, Institutional

Buildings, Assembly Buildings, Business Buildings,
Mercantile Buildings, Industrial Buildings, Storage Buildings,
Hazardous Buildings.

Building function cannot be limited to

provide shelter only.

Buildings must be designed
with features to provide
better lighting, comfortable
space temperature,
humidity and air quality
convenient, power and
communication capability,
high quality sanitation; and
reliable systems for the
protection of life and
For example???
imagine yourself in the most fabulous
building in the world now take away the lighting, air-
conditioning and ventilation, the lifts and escalators,
acoustics, plumbing, power supply and energy
management systems, the security and safety

you are left with a cold, dark,

uninhabitable shell.

How will you feel????

Building should be designed in such a way to
provide an environment where people can feel
comfortable, work, live and achieve.

Basically BUILDING SERVICES is what that

makes a building come to life i.e. what makes the
building work.
So, Everything inside a building which makes it
safe and comfortable, comes under the title of
Building services contribute largely to
the sustainability & functioning of
the building.
Building servicesare the systems installed in
buildings to make them comfortable, functional,
efficient and safe.

Building services
Energy supply (gas, electricity and renewable sources such as
solar, wind, geothermal andbiomass).
Water,drainageand plumbing
Escalators andlifts.
Heating, ventilation and air conditioning(HVAC).
Firesafety, detection and protection.
Security and alarm systems.
Artificial lighting system
Why Building services ???

Building servicesplay a central role in contributing

to the design of a building, not only in terms of
overall strategies and standards to be achieved,
but also in the sizes and location of major
plant andequipment, the position of vertical
service risers, sustainability and so on.

This means that building servicesdesign must be

integrated into the overallbuilding designfrom a
very early stage, particularly on complex building
projects such as hospitals.
Importance Of Building Services
Building services are indispensable for buildings.

.As an example certain types of building such as

department store or industrial buildings are almost
100% dependent on electrical lighting, ventilating
and air-conditioning and

.High rise buildings rely on vertical

transportation and high speed pressure for
water supply.

.The implementation of services demands a

considerable amount of floor and ceiling so proper
planning is necessary for their allocation.
What is the Role of an Architect ?
Responsible for the design and planning of the
mechanical, electrical and public health systems
required for the safe, comfortable and
environmentally friendly operation of modern

Building should be designed such that it

provides better lighting, comfortable space,
temperature and air quality, convenient power
and communication capability, high quality
sanitation and reliable systems for the
protection of life and property.
Classification Of Building Services

Mechanical Systems,
Electrical Systems, MEP systems
plumbing and
Building Operation System.

They are all very important part of

planning, designing and construction of a
Mechanical System
- Any building service that uses machines.

Mechanical building servicesaccount for around

30% of the capital and 50% of the operating cost
for a typical office, and substantially more in highly
serviced buildings such as hospitals.

Heating, ventilation/ air conditioning

Escalators/ elevators
Fire fighting system
Mechanical System
HVAC system - stands for heating,
ventilating and air-conditioning and includes a
variety of active mechanical/ electrical systems
to provide thermal control in buildings.

The objective of an HVAC system is to ensure that

an indoor environment is both safe and comfortable
for humans.

Vertical transportation escalators/ elevators

Nothing impacts a building's
overall functionality, safety and
value quite like itsvertical
Fire fighting system
A fire fighting system is probably the most
important of the building services, as its aim is to
protect human life and property.

Mechanical/ Electrical / Plumbing Systems -

fire storage tank - specialized pumping system
hydrants or sprinklers; fire and smoke detection;
alarm system
Electrical System
Electricity is one of the most important blessings
that science has given to mankind. It has also
become a part of modern life and one cannot think
of a world without it.
Electrical power
Artificial lighting

Electrical power
General power supply and distribution,
standby source etc
Energy supply - gas, electricity and renewable
Escalators and lifts.
Fire detection and protection.
Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC)
Artificial lighting system
Lighting or illumination is the deliberate use of
light to achieve a practical or aesthetic
effect.Proper lightingmakes all work tasks
Recommended light levels
Office Work/ Classes 250 Lux
Library - 500 Lux
Operation Theatres - 1,000 Lux
Detailed Drawing Work - 1500 to 2000 Lux

Communication lines, telephones
Lightning protection.
Building Operation System
Building automation
Security system

Plumbing System
Water Supply
Waste Management
Rain Water Harvesting Systems.

A plumbing system serves two purposes: to

supply water for human use, and to get rid of
human wastes.
Plumbing System
Plumbing is the system of pipes, drains, fittings,
valves, and fixtures installed for the distribution of
potable water for drinking, heating and washing,
and waterborne waste removal.

The plumbing industry is a basic and substantial

part of every developed economy. The word derives
from the Latin plumbum for lead, as the first
effective pipes used in Roman era were lead pipes.
land electricalservices,andthefirestairs.
A core allows people to move
between the floors of a
building, and distributes
services efficiently to the
The service core is a distinctive feature
of a tall building and its design plays an
important role in the success and
sustainability of the whole structure.

In general service core contains:

Elevator shafts Elevator lobbies
Main & escape stairways Riser-
ducts Toilets Other service rooms