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Eco Tourism

in
India
Introduction

Tourism involving travel to areas of natural or ecological interest, for


the purpose of observing wildlife and learning about the
environment.

This is a conscientious form of tourism and tourism development

It encourages going back to natural products in every aspect of life


and helps preserve nature. It is also the key to sustainable ecological
development.
Principle of eco tourism

Adopt low-impact wildlife tourism that protects ecological integrity of


forest.
Highlight the biodiversity richness, their values and their ecological
services to people.
Build environmental and cultural awareness and respect.
Facilitate the sustainability of ecotourism enterprises and activities.
provide livelihood opportunities to local communities.
Highlight the heritage value of Indias wilderness and protected areas.
Eco tourism segmentation

Botany

Geograp
Wildlife
hy

Eco
Touris
m
Eco tourism segmentation

Wildlife
The exotic range of flora and fauna in India is the reason behind the
successful growth of Wildlife tourism in the country.
There are about 400 plus wildlife sanctuaries and 99 national parks
sprawling across the country. These natural homes accommodate an
estimate of over 350 species of mammals, 2100 types of birds, 350
varieties of reptiles and countless insects.
Botany

Abotanical gardenconsists ofplants, especiallyferns, conifers and


flowering plants.

Plants are grown and displayed for the purposes of


researchandeducation.

It also includes the observation of various forests. Huge mass of


travellers come to India for such studies.
Geography

A great arc of mountains, consisting of the Himalayas,Hindu Kush,


Aravali andPatkai ranges define the northern Indian subcontinent.
The Thar Desert is the world's seventh largest desert,It forms a
significant portion of western India.
Geography

The Central Highlands consists of three main plateaus


theMalwaPlateau in the west, theDeccan Plateau in the south and
theChota Nagpur Plateauin the east.
The Eastern Coastal Plain is a wide stretch of land lying between the
Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal. It stretches fromTamil Naduin
the south toWest Bengal in the east.
Geography

India'swetlandecosystem is widely distributed from the cold and


arid located in the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, and those
with the wet and humid climate of peninsular India. Most of the
wetlands are directly or indirectly linked to river networks.
Geography

All major rivers of Indiaoriginatefrom one of the three


mainwatersheds
1. The Himalaya and the Karakoram ranges
2. Vindhya and Satpura range in central India
3. Sahyadri or Western Ghats in western India
Some statistics

8.8% annual growth in tourism demand


7.9% growth per annum in tourism-related GDP
10.5% annual growth in overseas visitors
7.5% increase per annum in capital Investment in tourism
5.1% annual growth in government expenditure on tourism
India will be hosting 8.90 million tourists by 2020...
Stats suggest that each year the revenue grow by 7.7%.
UNWTO estimating that ecotourism accounts for 10-15% of global
tourism.
International Tourist Visits
%percentage share of Foreign Tourist
Visits
25
20
15
10
5
0
Himalayas
Few Eco Places

Location:Stretches from Jammu & Kashmir toArunachal Pradeshin the


northeast India.
Weather:From freezing cold to desert hot.
Indian States Covered:Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal
Pradesh,Uttranchal, West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal
Corbett NationalPradesh.
Park, Uttaranch

The Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh


Coorg or Kodagu
Location:Western Ghats, Karnataka, Southern India. Durbare elephant camp
Weather:Coorg experiences moderate climate with
pleasant winters, warm summers and heavy monsoon.
Known as The Scotland of India . Its richflora
andfaunahas earned this place international recognition.

Nagarhole National Park


Iruppu Falls Abby Falls
Indian Ecosystems and Resources

Biosphere Reserves
Mangroves
Coral Reefs
Deserts
Mountains and Forests
Flora and Fauna
Seas, Lakes and Rivers
Caves
Biosphere Reserves

Nanda Devi National Park,


Uttarakhand.

Gulf of Mannar Marine


National Park ,Tamil Nadu

Sundarbans National Park ,West Bengal


Mangroves
Bhitarkanika and Mahanadi Delta
,Orissa

Pichavaram and Point Calimere


Tamil Nadu

Coringa, Godavari Delta


,Andhra Pradesh
The key players in the ecotourism

The key players in the ecotourism business are governments at


levels, the local authorities, the developers and the operators, the
visitors, and the local community.

non-governmental organizations and scientific and research


institutions also plays a key role in the development of ecotourism.

Some organizations are Asia Pacific Ecotourism Society, Discovery


Mice, World Tourism Organization, The International Ecotourism
Society (TIES), Ecoindia etc.
Activities

Bird watching
Hiking
Downhill skiing
Camping
Sight seeing
Swimming in natural water
Wildlife photography
White river rafting
habitats
Providing positive and the natural
attitude and preservation of wildlife
experience among the promotes the
travellers Strength
local people promotes conservation
other benefits to the of natural assets and
directs economic and enhances the cultural
integrity
Strength
It is not planned as a part of environment
the overall area development compatible with the
strategy, guided by an tourism development is not
integrated land-use plan type and scale of eco-
avoiding inter-sectoral
conflicts Weakness
local community is not
livelihood of local inhabitants
involving into this tourism
use for eco-tourism and the
process
conflicts between resource
Weakness
Opportunity

Rising number of tourist


ecotourism centres
arrival in India is indicator for
announced to built
growing eco tourism.
Government has recently

Opportunity
travellers.
sustainable tourism can attract more and more
development as a model for Parks on the global level we
other destination sanctuaries and National
development programs it can Promoting o wildlife
generate more tourists.
environment
eco tourism projects itself are cause problem to the
the biggest obstacle in the even in the smallest sense
way of the preservation of the by the human population,
environment. Increased use of resources
Threat
disharmony It tends to conserve the
groups leads to social environment at the expanse
income between the various of the development prospects
Competition for eco tourism for the third world
communities
Threat
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