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GSM Special Subject Training Material

SDR Basics and Network Planning


V1.0

Suitable for Staff with P&O Skill Certificate IV or Lower


Issued by GSM Network P & O Dept
Internal Use Only

Version introduction
Version Date Writer Assessor Translator Amendment
Records
V1.0 2009-06-22 Chen Ni Zheng Hao Lu Yan No

V1.1 2009-11-24 Chen Ni Zheng Hao Lu Yan The updated information


includes the equipment
names of SDR base
stations,
the technical parameters,
the bandwidth apertures
supported by RU. The
technical parameters and
the relevant apertures are
suitable for R8.2 version.
Internal Use Only

Outline:

I.I.ZXSDR
ZXSDRseries
series II. STSR and
equipmentintroduction
equipment introduction OTSR networking

ZXSDR equipment family


Differences between STSR and

OTSR
ZXSDR networking and cascade

objective OTSR networking in two ways


ZXSDR
ZXSDR maximum configuration

ZXSDRs RU/RRU technical criterion

IV. ZXSDR III.ZXSDR


III. ZXSDR
equipment equipmentpp&&oo
equipment
applications
Link budget
High speed Indoor coverage
Capacity planning
railway areas Outdoor coverage Influences over o & p

Channel planning
OTSR networking

Frequency planning
Internal Use Only

I. ZXSDR series equipment introduction

1. What is SDR?
2. What are the technological qualities of SDR?
3. What are ZXSDR series equipment? How about the maximum configuration?
4. What are the ways of networking between BBU and RU/RRU?
5. What is the maximum distance for RRU cascade? What is the maximum number
of cascade tiles?
6. How to realize RRU cascade synchronization?
7. What is the maximum configuration for ZXSDR series equipment?
8. What is the baseband unit for ZXSDR equipment?
9. What is the radio frequency processing unit for ZXSDR equipment?
10. First technical specifications of RU/RRU: Work pattern? Capacity?
Applications? Independent networking? With built-in combiner or not?
11. Second technical specifications of RU/RRU: Power of set top unit? Working
frequency bands? Bandwidth constraint? Sensitivity? Compatible with what
kind of coverage strengthening technologies? Baseband frequency-hopping
supported or not?
12. How is the carrier power allocated for the multi-carrier radio unit?
Internal Use Only

1. What is SDR

SDR
SDRSoftware
SoftwareDefined
DefinedRadio
Radio
The
Thesame
sameradio
radiofrequency
frequencychannel
channelmodule
modulecancanbe
bedefined
definedas
as
different
differentmodes
modesbybysoftware.
software.For
Forexample,
example,ititcan
canbe
bedefined
definedas
as
GSM
GSMsingle
singlemode,
mode,UMTS
UMTSsingle
singlemode,
mode,or
orG/U
G/Udual
dualmode.
mode.

ZXSDR
ZXSDRseries
seriesproducts
productsmake
makeSDR
SDRcome
cometrue
true
Internal Use Only

2. What are the technological qualities of


SDR?
A multi-mode, multi-frequency It is easier to realize the development
band, unified hardware from 2G,3G to 4G
platform

A platform structure of
The separated radio frequency makes it
separated baseband and radio possible to set up scattered base
frequency stations, and more flexible networking.

A baseband processing unit Networks share all the boards except the
baseband processing board.
built on u TCA structure

Networks of the same band can be


converged only with a software
A radio frequency unit with definition; while those of different band
broadband multi-carrier power can be converged only by adding a RU
amplifier module.
Internal Use Only

3. What are ZXSDR series equipment? How about


the maximum configuration? TCA structure, 2U high.
GU dual mode multi-carrier
Processing capacity of each UBPG (12
A single R8860 configuration is 1-6 GSM
TRX carrier frequency)
carrier frequency or 1-4 UMTS carrier
frequency. The maximum configuration is No more than 5 baseband processing
B8200+R8860 to

4G+1U. (At present, 2U configuration is not boards for each 1B8200


supported by R8.2)
form a scattered
Compatible with G/U dual mode
base station
R8860 R8860
For a single piece of equipment it can be expanded from 36TRX for a single cabinet
36TRX to 72TRX. Maximum configuration: S12/12/12 or
S12/12/12 or S6/6/6/6/6/6 maximum S6/6/6/6/6/6
configuration for a single station without an Flexible deployment, compatible with G/U
additional piece of equipment dual mode
S20/20/20 or S10/10/10/10/10/10 is the maximum B8200
configuration for a single station with an additional piece of
equipment. (At present, the additional piece of equipment is not
available, the period of validity of the aperture expires on 31st,
Dec, 2009.)
A one-piece cabinet only
Compatible with G/U dual mode supports 1 RSU60, or
(together with) more than
one R8860; A divided
RU02 RU02A cabinet only supports the
configuration of R8860;
Maximum
configuration: S12/12/12 Outdoor macro BTS
or S6/6/6/6/6/6
BS8900
BS8906 G060 is a single
mode GSM product.

RU60 RSU60

Indoor macro BTS BS8800 Outdoor micro BTS BS8906 G060


Internal Use Only

4. What are the ways of networking between BBU


and RU/RRU?
AAsingle
singlestation
stationfor
forno
nomore
morethan
than66cells
cells
Support
Support33networking
networkingways:
ways:
Star
Startopology,
topology,12
12light
lightinterfaces
interfacesfor
for12
12RU/RRU
RU/RRU
Chain
Chaintopology,
topology,RRU
RRUfor
forno
nomore
morethan
than44cascade
cascade
tiles;
tiles;
Mixed
Mixedtopology,
topology,for
for48
48RRU
RRUat
atmost
most
Internal Use Only

5. What is the maximum distance for RRU cascade?


What is the maximum number of cascade tiles?
For
Forchain
chaintopology,
topology,the
themaximum
maximumnumber
numberof
ofcascade
cascadetiles
tilesis
is
44
The
Themaximum
maximumdistance
distancebetween
betweenBBU
BBUand
andthe
thelast
lastRRU
RRUis
is
10km
10km
10km

R8600 R8600 R8600 R8600


Internal Use Only

6.How to realize RRU cascade synchronization?

The
Thesystem
systemcan
canautomatically
automaticallycalculate
calculatethe
thedelay
delaybetween
betweenBBU
BBUandandRRU,
RRU,
and
andmake
makeaacompensation
compensationfor forit.
it.Since
SinceBBU
BBUwill
willmeasure
measurethe
thedelay
delayof
ofeach
each
RRU
RRUand
andcompensate
compensatefor
forit,
it,RRU
RRUcascade
cascadesynchronization
synchronizationcan
canbe
berealized.
realized.
Internal Use Only

7. What is the maximum configuration for ZXSDR


series equipment?
Maximum carrier
Equipment types frequency for a Maximum configuration for a single station
single station

Main piece +
additional piece (At
present, the additional
piece of equipment is
60 S20/20/20 or S10/10/10/10/10/10
not available, the
period of validity of
BS8800 the aperture expires on
31st, Dec, 2009)

Main piece 36 S12/12/12 or S6/6/6/6/6/6

BS8900 36 S12/12/12 or S6/6/6/6/6/6

BS8906 G060 60 S20/20/20 or S10/10/10/10/10/10

BS8700 60 S20/20/20 or S10/10/10/10/10/10

It is suggested that S12/12/12 or S6/6/6/6/6/6 should be the maximum for a


It is suggested that S12/12/12 or S6/6/6/6/6/6 should be the maximum for a
single station.
single station.
If the configuration for a cell is no more than 12TRX, one antenna and
If the configuration for a cell is no more than 12TRX, one antenna and
feeder
feeder
is needed.
is needed.
If it is more than 12TRX, there are two possible solutions:
If it is more than 12TRX, there are two possible solutions:
1. Add one antenna and feeder (recommended)
1. Add one antenna and feeder (recommended)
2. Add one bridge (3dB loss, not recommended!)
2. Add one bridge (3dB loss, not recommended!)
Internal Use Only

8. What is the baseband unit for ZXSDR equipment?


Fiber
Power module switch
board
GSM
Site alarm baseband /
WCDMA
baseband

Control & clock Fan module


& switch board

Power module PM
Fiber switch board FS
Provide power for each board;
It is used to switch IQ signal;
Default setting is 1, and 1+1 backup is optional.
Each FS board supports 6 fiber interface, used for
connection with RU module;
Site alarm SA
Default setting is 1, and the maximum configuration is 2,
It integrates the function of environment monitor and
which depends on the number of optical ports
control and that of E1interface. It provides 8 node ports
monitors, 6 in and 2 out, and 8 E1/T1 interfaces; G/W baseband board UBPG/BPC
1 fixed configuration It is used to deal with baseband signal;
Control and clock and switch board CC GSM and WCDMA use different types of baseband (UBPG
It is responsible for the switch between media stream and or BPC). One UBPG supports 12 TRX;
control flow; Fan module (FA):
It controls the clock and monitors the insertion box; It is on one side of subrack to dissipate heat;
GE interface on the panel is suitable for either optical or 1 fixed configuration
power access, and is for Abis transmission. It also
provides GPS antenna interface;
Default setting is 1, and and 1+1 backup is optional.
Internal Use Only

9. What is the radio frequency processing unit for


ZXSDR equipment?
U single mode
multi-carrier
G single mode
dual-carrier RU02A

RU02 Built-in frequency RSU40


module

GU dual mode
GU dual mode RU60 RSU60 multi-carrier
multi-carrier

R8860 GU906/GU186Output power of the set-top unit 60w

R8860 GU908/G188/GU858/G198
Output power of the set-top unit 80w
Remote radio head
module
GU dual mode
R8860 multi-carrier
Internal Use Only

10. Technical specifications for RFP unit RU/RRU (1)

RU/RRU type Mode


Capacity for one
Applications
Independent Built-in
RU/RRU networking? combiner? 1 TDUP unit in RU02,
and 2 antenna and
feeder interfaces on
Suitable for low/medium traffic
GSM single mode the panel;
RU02
dual-carrier
2TRX areas with no more than 4 Yes Yes
carrier for each cell No TDUP unit in
Suitable for low/medium traffic RU02A, no antenna
GSM single mode
RU02A
dual-carrier
2TRX areas, and expanded to S4 by No Yes and feeder interface
integrating with RU02
on the panel;
So independent
GSM 1 6TRX or S1 S12
GU dual mode
UMTS 1 4C or configuration suitable for RU02A networking is
RU60 4G+1U which is the medium/large traffic areas, Yes No
multi-carrier
maximum configuration compatible with G/U dual mode not expected, and it
for the dual mode networking configuration. can only integrate with
RU02 to form S4.
GSM 1 6TRX or
S1 S12 configuration,
UMTS 1 4C or
GU dual mode suitable for low/large traffic
RSU60
multi-carrier 4G+1U which is the
areas or outdoor coverage
Yes No
maximum configuration
for the dual mode Strongly
S1 S12 configuration, in
recommended radio
R8860 GSM 1 6TRX or form of scattered base stations, frequency processing
GU906/GU186
GU dual mode
UMTS 1 4C or and suitable for some special units!
/
multi-carrier 4G+1U which is the applications, like railway areas, Yes No
GU908/G188/GU85 maximum configuration indoor coverage, and ultra long
8/G198 for the dual mode range coverage.
Internal Use Only
11. Technical specifications for RFP unit RU/RRU (2)
Set-top unit output power W
GSM Support of Coverage
Work frequency Work
RU/RRU type sensitivity frequency strengthening
band bandwidth
GMSK 8-PSK hopping technology

Baseband
frequency-
40w upon 25 upon DPCT/DDT/FWD
RU02 900/1800M 25M/75M -112dBm hopping/radio
combination 20W combination 12.5W R/IRC
frequency-
hopping

Baseband
frequency-
40w upon 25 upon DPCT/DDT/FWD
RU02A 900/1800M 25M/75M -112dBm hopping/radio
combination 20W combination 12.5W R/IRC
frequency-
hopping

Baseband
GU dual
60W power 40W power frequency-
EGSM/900/180 mode 20M;
RU60 configuration per configuration per -113dBm hopping/radio DDT/FWDR/IRC
0M G single
carrier carrier frequency-
mode 10M
hopping

GU dual Baseband
80W power 50W power mode 20M; frequency-
EGSM/900/180
RSU60 configuration per configuration per G single -113dBm hopping/radio DDT/FWDR/IRC
0M/850/1900M
carrier carrier mode 15M frequency-
hopping

Baseband
GU dual
60W power 40W power frequency-
R8860 EGSM/900/180 mode 20M;
configuration per configuration per -113dBm hopping/radio DDT/FWDR/IRC
GU906/GU186 0M G single
carrier carrier frequency-
mode 10M
hopping

Baseband
GU dual frequency-
R8860 80W power 50W power
EGSM/900/180 mode 20M; hopping/radio
GU908/G188/ configuration per configuration per -113dBm DDT/FWDR/IRC
0M/850/1900M G single frequency-
GU858/G198 carrier carrier
mode 15M hopping

This influences link The bandwidth constraint


budget, and differs from requires more
the traditional coverage consideration about
planning. frequency planning, so
more difficulties come
along!
Internal Use Only

12. How is the carrier power allocated for the multi-


carrier radio unit?
R8.2 version the existing version
The total
The configuration of maximum 1. The output power of each GSM carrier
output power
RU/RRU type output power per carrier for R8.2 frequency in the same radio frequency module
of the set- must be the same.
W
top unit W
2. The degree of adjustment for each carrier
GSM 7 levels frequency must be the same when the power
level needs to be adjusted.
10W/12W/15W/20W/30W/40W/
RU60 60W
60W 3. GSM carrier frequency number power per
UMTS 20W/30W/40W carrier frequency + UMTS carrier power <= the
total output power of the set-top unit
GSM 9 levels R9 version
10W/12W/15W/20W/25W/30W/
RSU60 80W 1. The output power of each GSM carrier
40W/60W/80W
frequency in the same radio frequency module
UMTS 20W/30W/40W can be configured respectively.
GSM 7 levels 2. The degree of adjustment for each carrier
R8860 10W/12W/15W/20W/30W/40W/ frequency can be different when the power level
60W needs to be adjusted.
GU906/GU186 60W
UMTS 20W/30W/40W
GSM 9 levels 3. GSM carrier frequency number power per
R8860 carrier frequency + UMTS carrier power <= the
10W/12W/15W/20W/25W/30W/
GU908/G188/GU 80W total output power of the set-top unit
40W/60W/80W
858/G198
UMTS 20W/30W/40W
Under this premise, the output power of each
carrier frequency can be customized in the
range of 0 the maximum value.
Internal Use Only

II. STSR and OTSR networking

1. What is STSR/OTSR networking?


2. What is multi-carrier combining?
3. What are the forms of OTSR networking?
4. What is the influence of OTSR networking over the Internet?
Internal Use Only

1. What is STSR/OTSR networking?

STSR OTSR
Omni TX Sectorized RX
Sectorized TX Sectorized RX Omni transmitter and sectorized
sectorized transmitter and receiver
sectorized receiver more than 1 coverage zone for
1 coverage zone for each cell each cell
not including repeater system Logically, this networking allows
The same as traditional omni site or N several antennas of different
sector site networking locations and directions to be in
one cell
OTSR can be realized by a
traditional power divider, or SDR
multi-carrier combining.
Internal Use Only

2. What is Multi Carrier Unite Combine?

MCUM
MCUMMulti
MultiCarrier
CarrierUnite
UniteCombine
Combine
MMRRU
RRUare
areconnected
connectedwith
withNNantenna
antenna(M
(Misisaamultiple
multipleof
ofN,
N,values
valuescan
canbe
be
11
2)
2)
Logically,
Logically,all
allthe
thecarrier
carrierof
ofRRU
RRUbelongs
belongsto
toone
onecell the
cell thedownlink
downlinksignals
signals
of
ofaanumber
numberof ofRRU
RRUare
arethe
thesame and
same andthe
theuplink
uplinksignals
signalsare
arecombined
combined
through
throughchoices.
choices.
Internal Use Only

3. What are the forms of OTSR networking?


The
The Theform
formofofpower
powerdivider
divider
Theform
formofofMCUM
MCUM The
The form of power divider canbe
form of power divider can berealized
realizedbyby
OTSR-2 any base station form. For example
OTSR-202 02station
stationmodel
modelrealized
realizedbybyMCUM
MCUM any base station form. For example
B8018 OTSR-2 O2 station model with
needs B8018 OTSR-2 O2 station model with
needs 2 R8860 with 2 carrier for each.The
2 R8860 with 2 carrier for each. The 2TRX
2TRX and andaa20W
20Wset-top
set-topunit.
unit.With
Withthe
the3dB
3dB
output power of the set-top unit is 30W.
output power of the set-top unit is 30W. loss by power divider the power is
loss by power divider the power is reduced reduced
toto10W.
OTSR 10W.
OTSRrealized
realizedby
byMCUM
MCUMdoesnt
doesntincorporate
incorporate ByBy theuse
the useofofpowder
powderdivider
divider3dB3dBloss
lossisis
extra
extraloss.
loss. incorporated and the power of the set-top
incorporated and the power of the set-top
unit
unitisisreduced
reducedby byhalf.
half.

Ant1 Ant2
0 60 Logically, the two directions of
coverage (0/60) belong to the
same cell both the Ant1 Ant2 Only the
emission path
configuration and the channel 0 60 is drawn here.
number are the same
The motion among the cells
covered by the two antennae
doesnt need
reselection/handover among the Power divider
R8860 R8860 cells.
3dB
Internal Use Only

4. Influence of OTSR networking over the internet


Influence over the performance of the Internet
1 Reduction of the reselection/handover between cells

Influence over the frequency and the planning of the nearby cell
One cell may have several coverage directions, possible co& adjacent interference on all directions needs

2 consideration. Especially, in cities of great intensity, frequency planning is more difficult


High-speed railway coverage should use MCUM OTSR, the distance of frequency reuse is increased, and the

planning is easier.
The increase of coverage directions of a cell means the increase of coverage range. So this is no longer only limited

by the beamwidth and gain of each antenna but more consideration is put into the nearby cell.

3 The influence over the coverage and the planning of capacity


The received signal of the uplink N antenna is combined through

choices so the uplink receive diversity gain is increased, and the quality of
uplink coverage is improved
Since N direction antennae transmit the same signal, so the downlink has the

transmit diversity. That is, by increasing an irrelevant transmit energy, the link
gain is improved so as to confront C/I fluctuation caused by multi-link and to
improve the quality of downlink coverage.
OTSR networking realized by SDR multi carrier unite combine can avoid 3dB

loss caused by use of power divider, so the output power of the set-top unit is
guaranteed.
For OTSR networking, in the same logical cell, the same carrier of different

RU/RRU must be configured on the same UBPG.


Limited by the relationship between RU/RRU carrier configuration and power

distribute, more attention is paid to the balance between coverage and


capacity.
Internal Use Only

III. Influence of ZXSDR equipment over network


planning and optimization
1. Influence of SDR over network p & o (1)
2. Influence of SDR over network p & o (2)
3. What is the difference between ZXSDR and the link budget of traditional base station?
4. What is the output power of the set-top unit of RU/RRU with different configuration?
5. What should be considered over the calculation of feeder loss made by a distributed base
station?
6. What is the influence of OTSR networking over link budget?
7. What should be considered as to ZXSDR capacity planning?
8. Is the channel planning of ZXSDR is the same as a traditional base station?
9. How does multi-carrier RU/RRU bandwidth constraint influence frequency planning?
10. What is the influence of BBU constraint over MA configuration when baseband frequency-
hopping happens?
11. Examples for the constraint of ZXSDR equipment over frequency planning
Internal Use Only

1. What is the influence of SDR over network p & o


(1)
ItItprovides
providesthe
thebest
bestsmooth
smoothevolution
evolution ItItimproves
improvesthe
thenetwork
networkpp&&oo
plan
plantowards
towardsTCOTCOradio
radionetwork.
network. technology
technologyfor
forthe
the2/3G
2/3Gconvergence
convergence

ItItprovides
providesbetter
betternetwork
networkoo&&pp
Remote solutions
solutionsfor
forspecial
specialscenes,
scenes,e.g.,
e.g.,high-
high-
Remoteradio
radiohead
headcomposes
composesaa speed railway, indoor coverage and
distributed
distributedbase
basestation.
station. speed railway, indoor coverage and
dense
denseurban
urbanspaces
spaceswith
withcomplicated
complicated
transmission environment.
transmission environment.

ZXSDR
ZXSDRequipment
equipmentsupports
supportsbaseband
baseband ItItenriches
enrichesfrequency
frequencyplanning.
planning.
frequency-hopping.
frequency-hopping.
Internal Use Only

2. What is the influence of SDR over network p & o


(2)

Work
Workbandwidth
bandwidthconstraint
constraintofofmulti-
multi-
makes
makesfrequency
frequencyplanning
planningmore
more
carrier
carrierRU/RRU
RU/RRU difficult.
difficult.

The
Theclose
closerelationship
relationshipbetween
betweenthe
the makes
makesthe
thefollowing
followingplanning
planningand
and
power of set-top unit of multi-carrier
power of set-top unit of multi-carrier optimization
optimizationofofnetwork
networkcapacity
capacity
RU/RRU
RU/RRUand
andits
itscapacity
capacity expansion more complicated.
expansion more complicated.

makes
makesthetheimplementation
implementationandand
Configuration
Configurationofof22set
setofofdata
datafor
forOMCR
OMCR maintenance of the project more
maintenance of the project more
and OMCB
and OMCB difficult.
difficult.
Internal Use Only

3. What is the difference between ZXSDR and the


link budget of traditional base station?
Dual-carrier is the same as a traditional
base station
Calculation
Calculationof
ofthe
the
power
powerof
ofset-top
set-topunit
unit
The power of set-top unit of multi-carrier
RU/RRU is equally shared.

No difference exists between the feed line


connection of SDR macro BTS and that of a
traditional base station.
Considerations
Considerationsfor
for
feeder
feederloss
loss
Calculation of feeder loss for a distributed When SDR multi-
carrier radio frequency
base station is different. processing unit is
adopted, it does not
need to configure
feeder arrester!

OTSR
OTSRnetworking
networkingbrings
bringsuplink/downlink
uplink/downlinkgain.
gain.
Internal Use Only

4. What is the output power of the set-top unit of RU/RRU


with different configuration?
Carrier RU02 /RU02A RU60 RSU60/R8860(80
1 number /R8860(60W) W) Now multi-carrier RU/RRU follows the

principle of equipartition of carrier


GSM The maximum The maximum The maximum
power At present, for R8.2 version, the
power per carrier power per carrier power per carrier
GMSK (W) GMSK (W) GMSK (W) maximum output power of each carrier
must be configured at the same level!
GSM 1 40 60 80

single 2 40 30 40
mode 3 20 20 25 If dual-carrier RU02/RU02A is S3~S4, the
configur 4 20 15 20 loss for internal combiner is 3dB.
ation 5 12 15
6 10 12

The output power of set-top unit of GSM


GSM UMTS RU60/R8860(60W) RSU60/R8860(80W) with 8PSK modulation is about 2dB lower
2 Carrier
number
Carrier
number The The The The
than that of GSM with GMSK modulation.

maximum maximum maximum maximum


power per power per power per power per
carrier of carrier of carrier of carrier of
G/U GSM (W) UMTS (W) GSM (W) UMTS (W) The output power of set-top unit of UMTS
per carrier should be 20W at least. It can
dual- 1 1 40 20 60 20 also be configured as 30W or 40W. At
mode 2 1 20 20 30 20
present, R8.2 version only supports the
configur dual mode XG+1U configuration.
3 1 12 20 20 20
ation
4 1 10 20 15 20
Internal Use Only

5. Considerations for the feeder loss made by a


distributed base station
RRU and BBU is connected
Installation near
an antenna by fiber 1. 2m loss for softer jumper
1 RRU and antenna is 2. 2 connector loss
connected by 1/2 jumper.

1. 22m softer jumper loss


RRU is installed on the
2. Main feed line loss between RRU and
platform of a tower a the antenna
platform under the antenna 3. 6 connectors loss
The installation
position keeps a or installed at the roof and
distance from it is lower than the antenna The table here is only for reference, in practice please
both BBU and calculate according to specific conditions!
RRU and BBU is connected
the antenna. Lengt Conne
by fiber Height
2 Height
of
of h of
7/8
Lengt ctor
+
RRU and the antenna is RRU h of 900M( 1800
anten main light
na on feed jumpe dB) M(dB)
connected in a normal way by ning
(m) platfor line r (m)
arres
m (m) (m)
2 1/2 jumper + main feed ter

line (7/8 or 5/4 or 13/8 50 0 50 4 6+1 2.89 4.04


feed line), the length of main 50 10 40 4 6+1 2.5 3.46
feed line is the distance 50 20 30 4 6+1 2.11 2.89
between RRU and the 50 30 20 4 6+1 1.73 2.31
antenna. 50 50 0 2 2 0.32 0.43
Internal Use Only

6. What is the influence of OTSR networking over


link budget?
Uplink:
Uplink:
Several
Several antenna diversity receivers in one logical cell is
combined
combined according
according to
to MRC,
MRC, soso it
it is
is believed
believed that
that there is
is
2dB
2dB gain
gain of
of 44 diversity
diversity receivers.
receivers.

Downlink
Downlink
Several
Several antennae transmit the same signal. So by increasing
some
some irrelevant
irrelevant transmit energy, the link gain is improved to
confront
confront C/I
C/I fluctuation
fluctuation caused
caused by
by multi-link
multi-link and to get
get the
the
downlink
downlink transmit
transmit diversity gain, at the value of 2 dB.
Internal Use Only

7. What should be considered as to ZXSDR


capacity planning?
IfIfthe
thenumber
numberofofcarrier
carrierneeded
neededby
bythe
thecell
cellisismore
morethan
thanwhat
whata asingle
single
The
Themaximum RU/RRU
maximum RU/RRUsupports,
supports,the
theincrease
increaseofofRU/RRU
RU/RRUshould
shouldbebeconsidered.
considered.But
Butthe
the
constraint
constraintof
ofcarrier
carrier quantity
quantityshould
shouldnot
notoverpass
overpassthe
themaximum
maximumconfiguration
configurationfor
fora asingle
singlestation.
station.
supported by RU/RRU
supported by RU/RRU
and
andBBU
BBU

Dual-carrier module RU02/RU02A is suitable for configuration lower than


Dual-carrier module RU02/RU02A is suitable for configuration lower than

S344should
S4.Configuration
S4.Configurationfor forS3 shouldbebechecked
checkedby bya acombiner
combinertotosee
seeififthe
the
power of set-top unit satisfies coverage requirement.
power of set-top unit satisfies coverage requirement.
The power of set-top unit of multi-carrier module RU60/RSU60/R8860 is
Mutual
Mutualconstraints
constraints
The power of set-top unit of multi-carrier module RU60/RSU60/R8860 is
shared by each carrier. If the carrier frequency for a single RU/RRU is too
between shared by each carrier. If the carrier frequency for a single RU/RRU is too
betweencoverage
coverage much,
much,thethepower
powerofofset-top
set-topunit
unitforforeach
eachcarrier
carrierfrequency
frequencywill
willbebetoo
too
and capacity small.
and capacity small.InInthis
thiscase,
case,the
thepower
powerofofset-top
set-topunit
unitshould
shouldbebechecked
checkedtotosee
seeififitit
satisfies
satisfies coverage requirement. If not one more RU/RRU shouldbebe
coverage requirement. If not one more RU/RRU should
added
addedtotoensure
ensurethat
thatthe
thecarrier
carrierfrequency
frequencyfor foreach
eachRU/RRU
RU/RRUisisproper.
proper.ThisThis
isisespecially important when the network is to be moved
especially important when the network is to be moved

When
OTSR Whenthe thelogical
logicalcarrier
carrierfrequency
frequencyfor
foreach
eachcell
cellisisdecided,
decided,the
thephysical
physical
OTSRnetworking
networking carrier frequency should be calculated according to the quantity
carrier frequency should be calculated according to the quantity of of
RU/RRU
RU/RRUand andantenna.
antenna.TheThequantity
quantityofofUBPG
UBPGboardboardshould
shouldbebecalculated
calculated
according
accordingtotophysical
physicalcarrier
carrierfrequency
frequencybutbutnot
notlogical
logicalcarrier
carrierfrequency.
frequency.
Internal Use Only

8. Is the channel planning of ZXSDR is the same as


a traditional base station?
For
Forthe
thehardware
hardwarepart,
part,ZXSDR
ZXSDRhas
hasno
nolimitation
limitationfor
forchannel
channel
planning
planningand
andconfiguration,
configuration,and
andthe
thechannel
channelplanning
planningisisthe
the
same
sameasasaatraditional
traditionalbase
basestation
stationand
andititsupports
supportsall
alltypes
typesof
of
channel
channel
SDCCH

SDCCH
TCH

TCH
PDCH

PDCH
HR/FR

HR/FR
Dynamic/

Dynamic/static
staticchannel
channelallocation
allocation
Dynamic

Dynamicchannel
channeltranslating
translating
Internal Use Only
9. How does multi-carrier RU/RRU bandwidth constraint
influence frequency planning?
There
Thereare
areconstraints
constraintsfor
forthe
theoperation
operationbandwidth
bandwidthofofmulti-carrier
multi-carrierradio
radiofrequency
frequencyprocessing
processingunit
unit
(RU60/RSU60/R8860).
(RU60/RSU60/R8860). No matter it is baseband frequency-hopping, radio frequency-hopping, orno
No matter it is baseband frequency-hopping, radio frequency-hopping, or no
frequency-hopping,
frequency-hopping,thethemulti-carrier
multi-carrierradio
radiofrequency
frequencyprocessing
processingunit
unitmust
mustbe
beconfigured
configuredwith
withaa
center
centerfrequency.
frequency.All
Allthe
thefrequencies
frequenciesofofall
allcarrier
carrierfrequencies
frequenciesininthis
this radio
radiounit
unitmust
mustnot
notbe
belarger
larger
than
than1/2
1/2operation
operationbandwidth
bandwidthabove
aboveor
orbelow
belowthe
thecenter
centerfrequency.
frequency.Here
Hereare
arethe
thedetailed
detailedoperation
operation
bandwidth specifications:
bandwidth specifications:
Multi-carrier radio frequency processing GSM GU dual Notes
unit type single mode
mode

RU60/ 10M 20M 1. For GU dual mode, the total bandwidth of 17M is not achieved by
R8860 GU906/GU186 R & D engineers, that is GSM12M UMTS 5M.
2. The single G mode of 60W module is 10M. The
configuration of frequencies must not be larger than 5M above
RSU60/ 15M 20M or below the center frequency.
R8860 GU908/GU188/GU858/GU198 3. The single G mode of of 80W module is 15M. The
configuration of frequencies must not be larger than 7.5M
above or below the center frequency.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 UBPG

0~10MHz 10~20MHz
RRU3
RRU1 RRU2
Internal Use Only

10. What is the influence of BBU constraint over MA


configuration when baseband frequency-hopping happens?
It only influences MA configuration
for baseband frequency-hopping, For Cell1 with 16TRX, which uses baseband frequency-hopping,
and doesnt influence radio the MAList configuration is as follows
frequency-hopping! Cell 1/MA1 = 12 carriers; Cell 1/MA2 = 4 carriers;
MA1=16 carriers is not allowed
Constraint of baseband
frequency-hopping
Cell 1/MA1 UBPG1
Baseband frequency-hopping is
limited by the processing capacity of
DSP on UBPG, the number of
frequency point for 1 MAList should Cell1 / MA2 UBPG2
be no more than 12 See the
example of Cell1 on the right.
Cell1/Cell2/Cell3, with 8 carrier frequency for each, which uses
baseband frequency-hopping, the MAList confituration is as
follows
Cell 1/MA1 = 8 carriers; Cell 2/MA2 = 4 carriers;
Baseband frequency-hopping within Cell 2/MA3 = 4 carriers; Cell 3/MA4 = 8 carriers;
1 cell but more than 1 UBPG, 2 For Cell2, the configuration of MA=8 carriers is not allowed
MAList should be configured.
See the example of Cell2 on the Cell 1/MA1 Cell2 / MA2 UBPG1
right. Here its frequency points are
configured on both UBPG1 and
UBPG2, so each needs a MAlist
(MA2 and MA3).
Cell2 / MA3 Cell 3/MA4 UBPG2
Internal Use Only

11. Examples for the constraint of ZXSDR


equipment over frequency planning
E.g.,
E.g.,the
theconfiguration
configurationofoffrequency
frequencypoint
pointfor
forboth
bothRRU1
RRU1and
and
RRU2
RRU2isis10MHz.
10MHz.

Scenarios
NO. Yes/No
RRU1=0~10MHz RRU2=10~20MHz
Baseband frequency-hopping between RRU1 and
1 Yes
RRU2 of the same cell and the same UBPG
Baseband frequency-hopping between RRU1 and
2 No
RRU2 of the same cell, but different UBPG
Radio frequency-hopping between RRU1 and RRU2
3 No
of the same cell
Separate radio frequency-hopping on RRU1 and RRU2
4 Yes
of the same cell
Within one cell, some frequency points for baseband
5 frequency-hopping, and some for radio frequency- Yes
hopping
On the same RRU, baseband frequency-hopping and
6 No
radio frequency-hopping by the same carrier frequency
Internal Use Only

IV. Scenarios for the application of ZXSDR


equipment

1. What are the scenarios for the application of ZXSDR equipment?


2. What is the application of OTSR for high-speed railway like?
3. What should be considered as to the application for high-speed railway network
planning?
4. What should be considered for handover/reselection parameters planning for high-
speed railway application?
5. What is the solution for OTSR application in cities of great intensity (like Hong Kong)?
6. What is the application for indoor coverage of a distributed base station like?
7. What is the application for ultra long range coverage of a distributed base station like?
Internal Use Only

1. What are the scenarios for the application of


ZXSDR equipment?
ZXSDR
ZXSDRisisaaseries
seriesof
ofbase
basestation
stationequipment,
equipment,and
andsatisfies
satisfiesdifferent
differentkinds
kindsof
of
application
applicationscenarios!
scenarios!

Macro BTS is suitable for the following scenarios,


e.g., cities of high intensity, urban areas, suburban
areas, rural areas, and roads. This application is
similar with traditional macro BTS.

Suitable for OTSR


networking to reduce
handover/reselection
between cells

The networking for a distributed base


station is more flexible, and is quite
suitable for these scenarios:
High speed motion scenarios e.g., high-
R8860
speed railway or highways
R8860
Cities of high intensity which need three-
dimensional coverage e.g., Hong
Kong
B8200
indoor coverage e.g., shopping malls,
hotels, etc.;
outdoor coverage e.g., deserts, sea
coverage.
Internal Use Only

2. What is the application of OTSR for



high-speed railway like?
Several RRU are configured in one logical cell,
Several RRU are configured in one logical cell,
connected
connectedthrough
throughOTSR
OTSRnetworking
networking
Synchronized and undistorted remotion realized by
Synchronized and undistorted remotion realized by
BBU
BBUand
andRRU
RRU

The deploy is flexible, the construction of network is


The deploy is flexible, the construction of network is
fast, and equipment rooms and other kinds of relevant
fast, and equipment rooms and other kinds of relevant
resources can be saved;
resources can be saved;
RRU supports cascade hierarchical remote and is
RRU supports cascade hierarchical remote and is
suitable for continuous coverage for belt like areas;
suitable for continuous coverage for belt like areas;
The configuration of several RRU in one cell is
The configuration of several RRU in one cell is
supported, longer cell coverage is realized, and
supported, longer cell coverage is realized, and
handover between cells is reduced;
handover between cells is reduced;
Because of the synchronized and undistorted remotion
Because of the synchronized and undistorted remotion
and frequency offset compensation between BBU and
and frequency offset compensation between BBU and
RRU, the quality of coverage is guaranteed.
RRU, the quality of coverage is guaranteed.
Internal Use Only

3. What should be considered as to the application for


high-speed
Network railway network planning?
What should be considered for high-speed railway network planning?
planning
Compared to the public network, the design of signal level should pay more attention to the fading margin during the time of
handover;
Overlapping areas of neighbor cells should be considered, especially reselection/handover between cells;
Coverage The location of RRU should not be too far from the railway, no more than 50m is suitable;
Choice of types of antenna High-speed railway special network forms a ribbon coverage, narrow beam lobe, horizontal beamwidth
planning
is about 35 degree, is suitable; the antenna gain should be 18 21dBi; the antenna should not be too high, and it should be lower
than that of a public network, and the suggested height is 5 10m;
4 TRX diversity gain for uplink; transmission diversity gain for downlink

The carrier frequency for each cell is calculated according to the number of passengers, and the classic traffic model for high-speed
Capacity railway. The configuration of carrier frequency for each RRU is the same in one cell;
If possible, areas along the railway should use the same LAC to avoid frequent location update;
planning
On LAC border, SDCCH should be added properly to reduce signaling jam caused by location update.

The special network uses 900M frequency point to reduce the influence of Doppler shift;
It is suggested that some frequency point should be reserved for high-speed railway special network;
If the frequency point is shared by a special network and a public network, it is suggested that the special
network BBCH must use
Frequency TCH frequency point of the public network for planning, when frequency planning is made for high-speed railway special network. So it
planning can be avoided that a subscriber is wrongly connected to a special network cell, when he powers on the phone near the special
network cell;
The location of NCC of a special network should also be different from that of a public network so as to guarantee the independence
of the special network when it is planned.

The special network for high-speed railway and the public network are relatively independent. The configuration of neighbor cells are
only for areas between the station and the public network. Here are the specific suggestions:
Cells near the station and the waiting room are configured as neighbor cells to be used as a area for transition and isolation
Neighbor between the public network and the special network; So it can be guaranteed that the cell phones of passengers can be
cells connected to the public network when their travel is finished;
When the train is moving, there is no configuration of neighbor cells between the special network and the public network,
planning and the configuration of neighbor cells is only between special networks; When the train is moving, it should be guaranteed
that the cell phone is within the special network; the cells, which are configured as neighbor cells for a specific cell, are two
cells right before and after that specific cell, so the number of neighbor cells can be reduced.
Internal Use Only

4.1 Principles of handover/reselection parameters


planning for high-speed railway station special
networkImportant
cellparameters Suggestions

RxLevAccessMin A platform cell should be 2dB lower than a public network.

CRO (choosing and reselection offset) A platform cell should be 10 dB higher than a public network.

TO (temporary offset) 0

PT (penalty time) 0

CRH 4

Set on uplink/downlink handover based on quality,


uplink/downlink handover based on signal level, PBGT
handover, rapid signal level drop handover (the relevant cells
Handover algorithm should be a chain network).

It is suggested that PBGT threshold of handover from the


public network to the special network cell should be reduced.
It is suggested that PBGT threshold of handover from the
PBGT threshold special network to the public network should be increased.

SDCCH handover Set on (the platform special network cell)

Handover preprocessing 0 the platform special network cell


Internal Use Only

4.2 principles of handover/reselection parameters


planning for high-speed railway chain special
network cell
Important parameters Suggestions
C2 parameter should be set on
or not No

Set on uplink/downlink handover based on quality, uplink/downlink


handover based on signal level, PBGT handover, rapid signal level
Handover algorithm drop handover (the special network cell should be a chain network)

It is suggested that the PBGT threshold of handover between special


PBGT threshold network cells should be 27 (3dB)

SDCCH handover Set on

Average window size 2

Level/quality handover N/P 2/1

PBGT handover N/P 2/1


Rapid signal level drop
handover N value 2

The shortest handover interval 0


HoFailPenaltyTime between
cells 0

Handover preprocessing 0
Internal Use Only

5. BBU+RRU OTSR networking in Hong Kong


OTSR-3
OTSR-3has has33antennae
antennaeforfor33directions,
directions,each
eachofofwhich
whichcovers
coversdifferent
differenttarget
targetcoverage
coverageareas.
areas.
Usually, on each direction, the target coverage area is limited, but the target is specific,
Usually, on each direction, the target coverage area is limited, but the target is specific, for for
example,
example,aastreet,
street,aabuilding,
building,aashopping
shoppingcenter,
center,etc,.
etc,.
All
Allthe
theRRU
RRUon onthese
thesedirections
directionsbelong
belongto
toone
onelogical
logicalcell,
cell,sosono
nohandover/reselection
handover/reselectionisis
needed
neededforforthem;
them;
As
Astotoneighbor
neighborcell
cellplanning,
planning,overlapping
overlappingcoverage
coverageon onall
allthese
thesedirections
directionsshould
shouldbebe
considered.
considered.
This antenna This antenna covers the This antenna covers
covers the streets below and the another residents They belong
residents building residents buildings building. to one logical
right in front of it. nearby. cell.
Internal Use Only

6. BBU+RRU indoor coverage application

Indoor
Indoorthree-dimensional
three-dimensional
coverage
coveragecovers
coversall
allfloors
floors
and basements;
and basements;
The
Thestructure
structureofofBBU+RRU
BBU+RRU
isiseasy
easy to install, andits
to install, and its
networking
networking is flexible.Also,
is flexible. Also,
ititsaves feeder loss.
saves feeder loss.

Feeder Fiber
Internal Use Only

7. BBU+RRU outdoor coverage application


1.
1. High
High gain antenna
gain antenna 18
18 22dBi
22dBi is used
is used
2.
2. R8860
R8860 isis installed
installed near
near the
the antenna
antenna on
on the
the tower
tower so
so as
as to
to save
save
feeder loss, and
feeder loss, and to increase the effective radiated power (EiRP) of
an
an antenna;
antenna;
3.
3. One
One carrier
carrier for
for aa single
single RRU
RRU with
with 60W
60W output
output power
power of
of aa set-top
set-top
unit
unit
4.
4. If
If the
the maximum
maximum coverage
coverage isis over
over 35km,
35km, dual
dual timeslot
timeslot should
should be
be
High gain set
set on.
on. Then,
Then, the
the capacity
capacity ofof each
each carrier
carrier is
is half
half reduced.
reduced. If
If
antenna remote coverage of 8 timeslot is required, 2 RRU will
remote coverage of 8 timeslot required, 2 RRU will be needed. be needed.
The
The configuration
configuration is
is 11 carrier
carrier for
for 11 RRU,
RRU, and
and 11 antenna
antenna for
for one
one
cell;
cell;
5.
5. If
If the
the number
number of
of RRU
RRU for
for aa cell
cell is
is more
more than
than 2,
2, it
it is
is suggested
suggested that
that
Installation of RRU near an
an extra
extra antenna
antenna should
should be
be configured
configured without
without change
change ofof the
the
the antenna on a tower output
output power
power of
of the
the set-top
set-top unit;
unit;
R8860
6.
6. For
For installation,
installation, the
the weight
weight capacity
capacity of
of the
the tower
tower and
and the
installation
installation space
space for
for RRU
RRU should
should be
be considered.
considered.

BBU can be installed


independently, or in a
macro station prepared.