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Geothermal Energy

Uses natural heat as the motor

Earth serves as a hot water-boiler
Considered to be a clean and cheap energy source
Cheaper compared to energy production through natural gas
and coal
And also hydro power stations
Provides the 27% of the Philippines total electricity
production generated in power plants
Luzon islands, Negros, Mindanao, and Leyte
Availability & Sources of Geothermal
Natural occurring areas of hydrothermal
Deep underground and usually
undetectable above ground
Earths surface
Volcanoes and fumaroles
Hot springs
Philippines is second to the US, in terms of
producing geothermal power at 1904 MW.
Thinned or fractured crust allows magma to rise
to the surface as lava. Most magma doesn't reach
the surface but heats large regions of
underground rock.
Rainwater can seep down faults and fractured
rocks for miles. After being heated, it can return
to the surface as steam or hot water.
Location Installed Capacity

Mak-Ban, Laguna 458.53 MWe

Tiwi-Albay 344 MWe

Bac-Man, Sorsogon/Albay 151.5 MWe

Tongonan, Leyte 722.68 MWe

Palinpinon, Negros Oriental 192.5 MWe

Mt. Apo, North Cotabato/Davao 108.48 Mwe

Geothermal Resources
Near tectonic plate
At major tectonic plate
boundaries earthquakes and
volcanoes are located
Ring of Fire
Rims the Pacific Ocean and is
bounded by Japan, the
Philippines, the Aleutian
Islands, North America,
Central America, and South
Four Elements of a Geothermal

1. A heat source, which is the magma that comes close

to the surface of the earth in volcanic areas
2. A permeable underground reservoir rock, which can
hold or store water
3. A solid cap rock, which maintains pressure and does
not allow the heat, water or steam to escape
4. Water, which serves as the medium for carrying the
Volcanoes and Fumaroles Bu-ot Fumarole
Yellow sulfuric
water flows out
Opening in or near a volcano
Hot sulfurous gases emerge
Mount Binuluan, Kalinga Province
Strong steam emission
Fumarolic activity
Surface sulfur deposits Bum-bag Fumarole
rattling, banging,
and explosions
stopped years ago
Hot springs
Produced by the emergence of geothermally heated
groundwater that rises from the Earth's crust
While some of these springs contain water that is a safe
temperature for bathing, others are so hot that
immersion can result in injury or death.
Tongonan Hot Spring National
A valley of geothermal power
source. It can supply power to
the whole region when fully
developed. Can cook hard
boiled eggs in fifteen
minutes. First geothermal
plant in the Philippines.
A type of spring characterized by intermittent
discharge of water ejected turbulently and accompanied
by steam
Formed due to particular hydrogeological conditions
that exist in only a few places on Earth
It is more common in the US
Taal Geyser Pit