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GandhinagarInstitute

Gandhinagar Instituteof
ofTechnology
Technology
Subject Name And Code : Electrical Power Generation (2140908)
Subject Name And Code : Electrical Power Generation (2140908)
Active Learning assignment
Active Learning assignment
Topic : Diesel Power Plant
Topic : Diesel Power Plant
Guided By : Prof. Rahish Sir
Guided By : Prof. Rahish Sir
Branch : Electrical
Branch : Electrical
Batch : B1 Sem : 4th th
Batch : B1 Sem : 4
Academic year : 2015-16(even)
Academic year : 2015-16(even)
Prepared by : Harshid Panchal (140120109023)
Prepared by : Harshid Panchal (140120109023)

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Diesel power plant

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The fuel(diesel) burns inside the engine cylinder and chemical energy of diesel is converted into the heat energy and this heat energy is converted into mechanical energy. In diesel power station. Diesel engine coupled with alternator which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy. A power station in which diesel engine used as the prime mover for the generation of electrical energy is called diesel power station. diesel used as the working Introduction Introduction fluid. 3 .

ENERGY CONVERSION IN DIESEL POWER PLANT ENERGY CONVERSION IN DIESEL POWER PLANT CHEMICAL MECHANICAL ELECTRICAL ENERGY ENERGY ENERGY R FUEL DIESEL ALTERNATO Y (DIESEL ENGINE R B ) 4 .

Diesel power station is very low capacity type as compare to steam and hydro power station. The main difference between the diesel engine and the steam engine is that in diesel engine the combustion of fuel take place inside the engine and steam engine combustion of fuel take place outside the engine. Diesel engine is also called I.C. 5 . (Internal Combustion) engine for which the burning of fuel take place inside the engine.

Linediagram Line diagramof ofdiesel dieselpower power 6 .

7 . capacity 25 to 5000 KVA and output voltage 440V for small machine and 2200 v for big machine. The diesel engines are two stroke or four stroke type.p. 1) Diesel Engine : It is the main component of the diesel power station. It may be horizontal or Essential Essential vertical type. diesel diesel 2) Generator : The main function of generator is to convert mechanical energy into electrical energy. The generator used power station is salient pole type station station and rotating speed from 215 to 1000 r. The diesel engine used as a prime elementsof elements of mover which is directly coupled with the generator.m. power power Generator is mainly coupled with diesel engine.

c. 3) Exciter : It is small d. generator coupled to the main set used to produced required d. Essential Essential 4) Air Filter : The main function of air filter to remove dust and other suspended impurities from the air elementsof elements of which is taken into the engine. diesel diesel 5) Silencer : The main function of silencer is to reduce noise when exhaust gas left out and also reduce power power noise pollution station station 6) Fuel Oil Tank : The fuel oil is stored in the fuel oil tanks which are situated outside the diesel engine room for safety. 8 . for excitation of the alternating field is winding.c.

9 . 7) Strainer : Strainer is provided to remove suspended impurities and supply clean fuel to engine. diesel diesel 9) All day tank : The fuel oil which is transferred from fuel oil tank to small storage tank kept at some power power height is called all day tank. All day tank stored station station fuel oil as per the daily requirement. 10) Oil Filter : The main function of oil filter is to remove the dust particles and other impurities from the fuel oil. Essential Essential 8) Transfer Pump : The main function of the transfer pump is to transfer fuel oil from the main tank to elementsof elements of all day tank.

station station 14) Cooling tower : The cooling water which is absorbs heat from heat exchanger and become hot. The Essential Essential water takes away heat from the diesel engine and it elementsof elements of self become hot. This is cooled in a cooling tower and recirculated through the heat exchanger. 12) Hot well : Hot well is provided in the surge tank. 11) Fuel injection pump : fuel injection pump inject fuel oil to the engine cylinder at high pressure. The hot water stored in Hot well. diesel diesel 13) Jacket water pump : The main function of jacket water pump is to transfer hot water from the hot power power well to heat exchanger. 10 .

15) Raw water pump : Raw water pump discharges cooling water from the cooling tower to heat exchanger. 18) Air compressor : The main function of air compressor station is to compressed air at high pressure and it is admitted to cylinders of the engine. 11 . diesel 17) Oil pump : Oil pump to pass lubricating oil to the oil power filter. Compressed air system is mostly used for starting diesel engine. Essential 16) Lubricating Oil tank : The life of the engine depend elements of on the lubrication system. Lubricating oil stored in this tank.

Engine Engine 6) Thermal efficiency is high. efficiency is 7) Used in heavy duty 7) Used in railway vehicles like truck. 4) More capital cost. 5) Required large space. 5) Required less space. Engine Engine (steam engine) Comparison Comparison 1) The combustion of fuel takes place inside the 1) The combustion of fuel takes place outside the of ofI. station etc. Engine Engineand and working fluid. Combustion Combustion 4) Less capital cost. I.C. power etc. External External 3) Fuel cost is high. 3) Fuel cost is low. 2) Diesel is used as the 2) Working fluid steam. buses locomotives. External Combustion I. engine cylinder.C. 12 . engine cylinder.C. 6) Thermal low.

Fuel Injector Exhaust air gases Exhaust valve TDC Inlet valve BDC 13 .THE WORKING OF 4 – STROKE DIESEL ENGINE. THE WORKING OF 4 – STROKE DIESEL ENGINE.

14 .C.WORKING OF 2-STROKE I.

between 2) Complicated 2) Simple construction. required more space. Two stroke engine 1) The Four cycleengine stroke of 1) The cycle of operation is operation is completed in four Comparison completed in two stroke. 4 stroke 4) Produce more noise. lubricating oil. construction. . 2 stroke and 3) High working 3) Low working efficiency. 6) These engines 6) These engines required less space. 5) They consume more 5) They consume less lubricating oil. stroke. 4) Produce less noise. efficiency.

of ofdiesel diesel 3) Stand by Units : When any one unit of steam power powerplant plant power station under maintenance period the diesel engine power station can operate in parallel to generate electric power. 4) Emergency Plant : In Industries where the process is such that continuous power supply is must when power from grid supply fails the diesel plant is run to meet with requirement of supply. 16 . 1) Peak load plant : Diesel engine power plant can be easily started or stopped so it can be use in combination with thermal or hydro plants as a peak load plants. 2) Mobile Plant : Diesel plants mounted on trailers can be used for temporary or emergency purposes Application Application such as for suppling power to large civil engineering works.

Application Application 6) Starting station : Diesel power station can be of ofdiesel diesel used to run the auxiliaries for starting large steam power powerplant plant power plant. 5) Nursery station : When a new power station is constructed or in the absence of main grid. a diesel power station to supply power in a small town. 7) Central station : It is also used as central station where the capacity required is small 17 .

6) The working life of diesel power plant is longer. 18 . 1) It can be located near load centre. 2) Plant layout is simple. station 5) The plant is smaller in size than steam power plant for the same capacity. power 4) There are no stand by losses. Advantages 3) The plant can be quickly started and can pick up of diesel load in very short time.

Advantages 8) They require less cooling tower. of diesel 9) Less civil engineering work is required. 7) Capital cost is less. power 10) There is no ash handling problem. station 11) Easy lubrication system. 12) Efficiency is higher. 19 .

Disadvanta 2) Lubrication cost is high. 1) The plant can not work under overload condition for longer times. 20 . ges of 3) The capacity of plant is limited. power plant 6) Capacity is restricted. 5) Noise problem. diesel 4) High operating cost. 7) Cost of fuel is high and vary with time to time.

2) Availability of water : Sufficient quantity of water Site Site should be available at the site selected for cooling purpose. 21 . 1) Distance from load centre : It should be located near the load centre. station station 4) Access to the site : The site selected should have rail and road transportation facilities. This will minimize the cost of transmission lines and power losses through them. 5) Fuel Transportation : The site selected should be nearer to the source of fuel(diesel) supply so that transportation charges low. selection selectionfor for 3) Foundation condition : The foundation condition of diesel diesel sub-soil should be such that a foundation at a reasonable depth should be capable of providing a power power strong support to the engine.

Patel 22 .M.References :  Electrical Power Generation by Dr. D.

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