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STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

THEORY II
(Statically Indeterminate
Structure)
O bjectives:Prelim
Conventional Conjugate Beam
Method
Moment Area by Conjugate Beam
Method
Virtual Work Method
Slope-Deflection Method
Three-Moment Equation
For one redundant only:


take Moment reaction as the
redundant

Compatibility Equation

take Reaction @ y direction as the


redundant
For two redundant s only:


take Moment reaction as the redundant

Compatibility Equation

take Reaction @ y direction as the


redundant

Compatibility Equation
Conventional Conjugate Beam Method

Degree of indeterminacy
Remove the redundant (moment or Reaction @ y direction)
Solve the reactions then draw the shear and moment Diagram
Placing (1kN for Reaction @ y direction) or (1kN-m for moment)
to the redundant support.
Solve the reactions then draw the shear and moment Diagram
Compatibility Equation, to solve the reaction at the redundant
support.
Moment Area by Conjugate Beam Method

Degree of indeterminacy
Remove the redundant (moment or Reaction @ y direction)
Solve the reactions then place a fixed line to a point having two
or more reactions/load, then draw moment by parts
(Magnitude x x ) going to fixed line.
Placing (1kN for Reaction @ y direction) or (1kN-m for moment)
to the redundant support.
Solve the reactions then place a fixed line to a point having two
or more reactions/load, then draw moment by parts
(Magnitude x x ) going to fixed line.
Compatibility Equation, to solve the reaction at the redundant
support.
Virtual Work Method


Degree of indeterminacy
emove the redundant (moment or Reaction @ y direction)
olve the reactions then place a boundary conditions from e
both ends) going to the redundant.
lacing (1kN for Reaction @ y direction) or (1kN-m for mom
o the redundant support.
olve the reactions then place a boundary conditions from e
both ends) going to the redundant.
olve using ;
olve using ;
ompatibility Equation, to solve the reaction at the redunda
upport.
Slope-Deflection Method
1) For Internal Span or End Span with Far End Fixed

2) Only for End Span with Far End Pinned or Roller Supported

span rotation
this angle is
measured in radians
and is positive
clockwise.
=settlement of
support
k= (span stiffness)
Slope-Deflection Method

)near- and far-end slopes or angular displacements
of the span at the supports; the angles are measured
adians and are positive clockwise.

xed-end moment at the near-end support; the
moment is positive clockwise when acting on the span
Slope-Deflection Method


=-49.5 k-ft
= 13.5 k-ft
=-13.5 k-ft
= 9 k-ft
=-9 k-ft
= 40.5 k-ft

Degree of indeterminacy
Solve for (FEM)
Applying the Slope-Deflection equation condition (2)
Solve for moment using Slope-Deflection equation
Apply equilibrium
Three-Moment Equation
The three-moment equation gives us the relation between the moments
between any three points in a beam and their relative vertical distances or
deviations. This method is widely used in finding the reactions in a continuous
beam.
Three-Moment Equation
Three-Moment Equation
Three-Moment Equation
Three-Moment Equation
M2=2080lbft
M3=6100lbft
R1=6192lb
R2=2606lb
R3=3202lb

M2=122.22lbft
M3=338.89lbft
R1=376.30 lb
R2=202.03 lb
Degree of indeterminacy R3=221.67 lb
Solve for factor of Three-Moment Equation
Apply Three-Moment Equation to solve moments.