You are on page 1of 9

NUCLEAR PHYSICS

AND
WHAT A NUCLEAR PHYSICIST DOES
BY BRETT WAGNER
WHAT DO YOU WANT TO LEARN
ABOUT?

Nuclear physicist
NUCLEAR PHYSICS
NUCLEAR ENERGY
Next slide
Nuclear energy currently comes from a controlled nuclear fission reaction.
This controlled reaction happens when uranium pellets are detonated and
the heat, heats up water ubove the reaction chamber. When the water
boiles the steam goes down a passage and then turnes a crank, and that
crank turnes and creates a kind of turbine energy which is the sent to a
sub station. The water goes to to the big cooling towers where the water
is reused.
JOBS IN A NUCLEAR
POWERPLANT
Next slide
Reactor operator

Radiation protection techninitian


FUSION DEVELOPMENT
Return to home page
Scientist are working on a design for a fusion reactor where plasma is
inserted into a magnetic chamber where the plasma is spun around in the
loop getting hotter and hotter and hotter until it reaches a tempature
where fusion within the plasma is possible. If they suceed 600 homes
could be powered by a bucket of water and a pile of rocks
RADIOACTIVITY
When an atoms nucleus has an unbalance in magnetic forces like when
two proton come to close together and they repel they could possibly tear
apart the nucleus and release the internal energy contained in the
nucleus. So one of the protons leaves the atom. This process is called
nuclear decay. This is also where the term half life(half the time it takes
an atoms nucleus to fully decay) comes from.
NUCLEAR FISSION
Nuclear fission is when a neutron is blasted into the nucleus of an atom
then the magnetic forces becomes unbalanced(the nutroun pushes the
protons closer together and then they repel and a chain reaction occers
within the atom(when two protons repel they repel into other proton and
then it happens again again and again)so now the nucleus splits and
releases its binding energy that is eqivalant to 18 million electron volts.
NUCLEAR FUSION
Nuclear fusion is when two hydrogen isotopes tridium (found in lithuim)
and dutridium (that is found in water) are forced together and create
heluim and one neutron. The rest of the the origional mass of the two
isotopes of hydrogen is turned into energy. This energy comes in the form
of a photon.
RETURN TO SELECTION PAGE
return to home page