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RAS SYSTEM

Review of RNC Architecture and Interfaces

1 Nokia Siemens Networks RN33001EN20GLA0


Objectives

After completing this learning element, the participant should be able


to:
Describe the architecture of the RNC
Describe RNC interfaces and protocols
Explain the data flow in the RNC

2 Nokia Siemens Networks


Review of RNC Architecture and Interfaces

UMTS Networks and NSN RNC Overview


RNC2600
RNC196 and RNC450
RNC Protocol and Transport Options
Traffic Flow Examples

3 Nokia Siemens Networks


UMTS Basic Network Architecture (Rel 7)
CN
VLR
GERAN MSS

Um MGW Nc E G
PSTN
BT
S BSC Nb MGW PSTN
A
Mc Mc PSTN
PSTN
VLR PSTN
Abis A Nc
GMSS
PSTN

MSS
BSS F D C CS-Domain

UTRAN IuCS Gb Gs
EIR HSS
IMS
IMS
Uu
Gf Gr Gc
IuCS Go
Iur
PDN/
PDN/
Gn Gi
SIM IuPS Internet
Internet
Iub GGSN
Gp
UE Other
Other
Cu RNC SGSN
PLMN
PLMN
USIM Node B BG
RNS PS-Domain

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UTRAN Interfaces
SAS
or
Iu-pc A-
or GPS
ADIF Serve
UTRAN r
Uu
WBTS Iu-BC CBC

SRNC
WBTS
Iu-CS 3G-
MSC
Iub Iur
Iu-PS
WBTS
User Equipment
3G-
(UE) DRN SGSN
C
WBTS

Core Network
(CN)

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NSN Radio Network Controller

Based on IPA2800 platform

RNC functionality:
Radio Resource Management
Telecom
Transmission and transport
O&M
Interface to NetAct
User interface
Measurements and statistics

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NSN RNC Solutions
For new deliveries
in RU20/RN5.0
release

RNC450 RNC2600
Capacity Step 1-3 Configuration Step 1-3

RNC196
Capacity Step 1-8 RNAC RNBC RNAC RNBC

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
1 1
1 1

38 38
38 38

CPD80-B 0 CPD80-B 1 CPD80-B 0 CPD80-B 1

RNC196 CS1-5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
2 2
1 1 2 2

38 38
38 38 38 38

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

2 2

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

3 3 3 3

38 38

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
38 38 38 38
3 3

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

4 4 4 4

38 38

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

4 4

38 38 38 38

38 38

RRMU removed. Release plug-in unit configured as ICSU. RRMU removed. Release plug-in unit configured as ICSU.

7 Nokia Siemens Networks


NSN RNC OMS Solutions
For new deliveries
in RU20/RN5.0
release

NetAct NetAct

NWI3
Standalone OMS
EMT

OMU
OMS

OMU
RNC with RNC with
Integrated OMS Standalone OMS

RNC RNC
BTS O&M

Ultra
Ultra
Flexi
Flexi

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Operation and Maintenance Server (OMS)
Local Client

Remote Client
WAN

LAN

Standalone OMS
option

Integrated OMS Operations Support System


option
(NetAct)

Management
Console

CPU HDD ESA24


Plug in Units
9 Nokia Siemens Networks
Review of RNC Architecture and Interfaces

UMTS Networks and NSN RNC Overview


RNC2600
RNC196 and RNC450
RNC Protocol and Transport Options
Traffic Flow Examples

10 Nokia Siemens Networks


RNC2600 Configuration Steps

Step 1: First cabinet, four subracts


with DL Iub throughput 1100 Mbps

Step 2: First cabinet+two subracks


from second cabinet with DL Iub
throughput 1800 Mbps

Step 3: Two cabinets with DL Iub


throughput 2500 Mbps

RNC2600 step 1
RNC2600 step 2
RNC2600 step 3

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Block Diagram and Plug-in Unit Variants for RNC2600

FU/Product PIU Variant


ICSU CCP18-A
RSMU CCP18-A
OMU CCP18-A
DMCU CDSP-DH
SFU SF20H
MXU MX1G6-A
Standalone SWU ESA24
or Integrated
WDU HDS-B 73G
OMS (integrated) MCP18-B
TBUF TBUF
TSS3 TSS3
PDU PD30
NPS1 NP8S1-B
NPGE NP2GE-A

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13 Nokia Siemens Networks
New Plug-in Units in RNC2600

SF20H CDSP-DH NP2GE-B

MX1G6-A NP8S1-B
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RNC2600 Capacity

RNC2600 Capacity Step 1 Step 2 Step 3


Number of subscribers 680 000 1 360 000 2 000 000

CS busy hour call attempts 680 000 1 360 000 2 000 000

CS Erlangs 17 000 34 000 50 000

CS Erlangs (including soft handover) 23 800 47 600 70 000

PS busy hour call attempts 800 000 1 400 000 2 000 000

DL Iub throughput (Mbps) 1 100 1 800 2 500

DL+UL Iub throughput (Mbps) 1 540 2 520 3 500

Number of carriers 1 440 2 100 2 800


Number of BTSs
1 440 2 100 2 800
(Max 1000 recommended)
RRC connected mode subscribers 100 000 152 000 200 000

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RNC2600 Interface Capacity

STM-1 / OC-3 Gigabit Ethernet


RNC2600
Unprotected Protected Unprotected Protected

Step 1 48 24 + 24 16 8+8

Step 2 80 40 + 40 24 12 + 12

Step 3 112 56 + 56 32 16 + 16

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Coverage Optimized Solution

More cells at expenses of AMR and PS throughput


Same hardware as standard configuration
Selection via capacity license keys

Standard Coverage Optimized


RNC2600
Capacity
Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 1 Step 2 Step 3

AMR (Erlang) 23 800 47 600 70 000 21 420 42 840 63 000

Iub PS throughput 1 540 2 520 3 500 1 380 2 260 3 150


UL+DL (Mbps)

Cells 1 440 2 100 2 800 2 450 3 600 4 800

17 Nokia Siemens Networks


Review of RNC Architecture and Interfaces

UMTS Networks and NSN RNC Overview


RNC2600
RNC196 and RNC450
RNC Protocol and Transport Options
Traffic Flow Examples

18 Nokia Siemens Networks


RNC450 Capacity Steps

Step 1: First cabinet, four subracts


with Iub throughput 150 Mbps

Step 2: First cabinet+two subracks


from second cabinet with Iub
throughput 300 Mbps

Step 3: Two cabinets with Iub


throughput 450 Mbps

RNC450 step 1
RNC450 step 2
RNC450 step 3

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RNC450 Capacity

RNC450 Capacity RNC450/150 RNC450/300 RNC450/450

Number of subscribers 181 000 284 000 360 000

Busy hour call attempts 240 000 375 000 576 000

Erlangs 4 000 6 250 8 000

Iub throughput (Mbps) 150 300 450

Number of carriers 600 900 1 152

Number of BTSs 200 300 512

AAL2UP connectivity (Mbps) 1 950 2 800 3 594

RRC connected mode subscribers 35 000 70 000 100 000

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RNC450 Capacity Carrier-Optimized Configuration

RNC450 RNC450
RNC450/150
/300 /450
RNC450 Capacity Carrier Carrier Carrier Carrier
Carrier Carrier
Optimized Optimized Optimized Optimized
Optimized Optimized
1 2 3 4
Number of
181 000 181 000 181 000 181 000 309 000 454 000
subscribers
Busy hour call
240 000 240 000 240 000 240 000 408 000 720 000
attempts
Erlangs 4 000 4 000 4 000 4 000 6 800 10 000
Iub throughput
135 105 80 50 180 250
(Mbps)
Number of carriers 660 720 780 840 1 200 1 800
Number of BTSs 220 240 260 280 400 600
AAL2UP connectivity
1 950 1 950 1 950 1 950 2 800 3 594
(Mbps)
RRC connected
35 000 35 000 35 000 35 000 75 000 100 000
mode subscribers

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RNC450 Interface Capacity

STM-1 / OC-3 E1 / T1 Gigabit Ethernet


RNC450
Unprotected Protected Unprotected Unprotected Protected

8+8
150 16 or 12 + 12 16 8 4+4
(if no E1/T1)

16 + 16
300 24 or 20 + 20 16 12 6+6
(if no E1/T1)

450 24 24 + 24 16 16 8+8

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RNC196 Capacity Steps

Step 2
Step 1: Only one cabinet is used.

Step 3 Step 2-5: Upgrade from Step 1 by


adding subracks in second cabinet.
Step 1
Step 4
Step 6-8: Upgrade from Step 5 by
replacing plug-in units to newer
variants.
Step 5

23 Nokia Siemens Networks


RNC196 Capacity

RNC196/
RNC196 Capacity
48 85 122 159 196 300 450 1000

Number of subscribers 59 000 122 000 181 000 240 000 300 000 300 000 360 000 1 000 000

Busy hour call attempts 52 000 108 000 160 000 216 000 272 000 272 000 320 000 1 000 000

Erlangs 1 300 2 700 4 000 5 400 6 800 6 800 8 000 20 000

Iub throughput (Mbps) 48 85 122 159 196 300 450 1 000

Number of carriers 384 576 768 960 1 152 1 152 1 152 1 800

Number of BTSs 170 256 340 420 512 512 512 600

AAL2UP connectivity 950 1 450 1 950 2 400 2 800 3 594 3 594 5 100
(Mbps)
RRC connected mode 20 000 30 000 40 000 50 000 60 000 70 000 100 000 100 000
subscribers

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RNC196 Interface Capacity

STM-1 / OC-3 E1 / T1 Gigabit Ethernet


RNC196/
Unprotected Protected Unprotected Unprotected Protected

48 24 16 + 16 64 8 4+4

85 24 16 + 16 96 10 5+5

122 24 16 + 16 128 12 6+6

156 24 16 + 16 160 14 7+7

196 24 16 + 16 192 16 8+8

300 24 24 + 24 16 16 8+8

450 24 24 + 24 16 16 8+8

1000 24 24 + 24 16 16 8+8

25 Nokia Siemens Networks


Review of RNC Architecture and Interfaces

UMTS Networks and NSN RNC Overview


RNC2600
RNC196 and RNC450
RNC Protocol and Transport Options
Traffic Flow Examples

26 Nokia Siemens Networks


General Protocol Model

Radio Control Plane User Plane


Network
Layer Data
Application
Protocol Stream(s)

Transport Transport Network Transport Network Transport Network


Network User Plane Control Plane User Plane
Layer ALCAP(s)

Signalling Signalling Data


Bearer(s) Bearer(s) Bearer(s)

Physical Layer

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Protocols in the CS User Plane ATM-based
option

Uu Iub Iu IP-based
option

CS
application CS application

RLC RLC

MAC MAC Iu-UP protocol Iu-UP protocol

FP FP

UDP UDP RTP RTP


AAL2 AAL2 AAL2 AAL2
UDP UDP
WCDMA WCDMA
IPv4 IPv4
L1 L1 IPv4 IPv4
ATM ATM ATM ATM
Ethernet-MAC Ethernet-MAC Ethernet-MAC Ethernet-MAC

PHY Ethernet-Phy PHY Ethernet-Phy PHY Ethernet-Phy PHY Ethernet-Phy

UE WBTS RNC MGW

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Protocols in the PS User Plane ATM-based
option

Uu Iub Iu Gn IP-based
option
PS
application

IP IP

PDCP PDCP
GTP- GTP-
GTP-U GTP-U U
U
RLC RLC

MAC MAC UDP UDP UDP UDP

FP FP IP IP IP IP

AAL2 UDP AAL2 UDP


AAL5 AAL5
WCDMA WCDM Ethernet
Link Link
IPv4 IPv4 Ethernet
L1 A L1 -MAC -MAC Layer Layer
ATM ATM ATM ATM
Ethernet-MAC Ethernet-MAC

Ethernet Ethernet
PHY Ethernet-Phy PHY Ethernet-Phy PHY -Phy PHY -Phy PHY PHY PHY

UE WBTS RNC 3G- GGSN


SGSN

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Protocols in the UE Control Plane
Uu Iub ATM-based
Iu
option

IP-based
NAS option NAS

RRC RRC RANAP RANAP

RLC RLC SCCP SCCP

MTP3b M3UA MTP3b M3UA


MAC MAC
SSCF-NNI SCTP SSCF-NNI SCTP
FP FP SSCOP IP SSCOP IP

AAL2 UDP AAL2 UDP AAL5 AAL5 AAL5 AAL5


WCDMA WCDM Ethernet Ethernet
L1 A L1 IPv4 IPv4 -MAC -MAC
ATM Ethernet-MAC
ATM Ethernet-MAC
ATM ATM ATM ATM

Ethernet Ethernet
PHY Ethernet-Phy PHY Ethernet-Phy PHY PHY -Phy PHY PHY -Phy

UE WBTS RNC CN

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Protocols in the Iub and Iur Control Plane
Iub Iur
ATM-based
option
NBAP NBAP RNSAP RNSAP
IP-based
option
SCCP SCCP

SSCF-UNI SCTP SSCF-UNI SCTP MTP3b M3UA MTP3b M3UA

SSCF-NNI SCTP SSCF-NNI SCTP

SSCOP IPv4 SSCOP IPv4 SSCOP IPv4 SSCOP IPv4

AAL5 AAL5 AAL5 AAL5


Ethernet-MAC Ethernet-MAC Ethernet-MAC Ethernet-MAC
ATM ATM ATM ATM

PHY Ethernet-Phy PHY Ethernet-Phy PHY Ethernet-Phy PHY Ethernet-Phy

WBTS D-RNC S-RNC

31 Nokia Siemens Networks


Review of RNC Architecture and Interfaces

UMTS Networks and NSN RNC Overview


RNC2600
RNC196 and RNC450
RNC Protocol and Transport Options
Traffic Flow Examples

32 Nokia Siemens Networks


Example of Traffic Flow
Permanent signalling links

ATM Iub/Iu/Iur
NIU - NPS1(P)
ICSU
MXU NIU - NPGE(P) IP
DMCU Iub/Iu/Iur

SFU
RSMU ICSU
MXU MXU
SWU OMU
DMCU

OMS TBU

EHU

HDD WDU PDU

Standalone or Integrated

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Example of Traffic Flow
Common control channel

NIU - NPS1(P) ATM Iub


ICSU
MXU NIU - NPGE(P)
IP Iub
DMCU

SFU
RSMU ICSU
MXU MXU
SWU OMU
DMCU

OMS TBU

EHU

HDD WDU PDU

Standalone or Integrated

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Example of Traffic Flow
Dedicated control channel

NIU - NPS1(P) ATM Iub


ICSU
MXU NIU - NPGE(P)
IP Iub
DMCU

SFU
RSMU ICSU
MXU MXU
SWU OMU
DMCU

OMS TBU

EHU

HDD WDU PDU

Standalone or Integrated

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Example of Traffic Flow
CS user data

NIU - NPS1(P)
ATM Iub
ICSU
MXU NIU - NPGE(P)
IP Iu-CS
DMCU

SFU
RSMU ICSU
MXU MXU
SWU OMU
DMCU

OMS TBU

EHU

HDD WDU PDU

Standalone or Integrated

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Example of Traffic Flow
PS user data over DCH

NIU - NPS1(P)
ATM Iub
ICSU
MXU NIU - NPGE(P)
DMCU IP Iu-PS

SFU
RSMU ICSU
MXU MXU
SWU OMU
DMCU

OMS TBU

EHU

HDD WDU PDU

Standalone or Integrated

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Example of Traffic Flow
PS user data over FACH/RACH

NIU - NPS1(P)
ATM Iub
ICSU
MXU NIU - NPGE(P)
IP Iu-PS
DMCU

SFU
RSMU ICSU
MXU MXU
SWU OMU
DMCU

OMS TBU

EHU

HDD WDU PDU

Standalone or Integrated

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Example of Traffic Flow
HSPA user data

NIU - NPS1(P)
ATM Iub
ICSU
MXU NIU - NPGE(P)
IP Iu-PS
DMCU

SFU
RSMU ICSU
MXU MXU
SWU OMU
DMCU

OMS TBU

EHU

HDD WDU PDU

Standalone or Integrated

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