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DJJ3103

STRENGTH OF
MATERIALS
AZUNAIDI B. ABDUL AZIZ

MECHANICAL ENG. DEPT.


POLIMAS
SYLLABUS
1.0 FORCES ON MATERIALS
2.0 THERMAL STRESSES AND
COMPOSITE BARS
3.0 SHEAR FORCES AND BENDING
MOMENTS
4.0 BENDING STRESSES
5.0 BEAM DEFLECTION
6.0 TORSION
4.1 Understand the bending
stresses
4.1.1 Name the
quantity represented by
each THE
letter in the
FLEXURE
generalFORMULA
bending
formula:
4.1.2 Explain the bending stress
changes at the section of the
beam in bending.
Stressvariation
across beam
section.
Stress action:
- normal to cross
section of beam
- proportional to its
distance from
neutral axis
4.1.3 Show by sketch, the meaning of
radius of curvature for the beam in
bending.
The assumptions on Theory of Simple
Bending:
4.1.3 Show by sketch, the meaning of radius of curvature for the beam in
bending.
THE FLEXURE FORMULA
Consider any plane in the beam with cross section as
shown in the figure. Ey

The stress on a fiber at distance y from the N.A. is ,
R
Total moment for the whole cross section dF dA
is dM ydF
Ey Ey
dF dA dF dA
R R
Ey
dM y dA
R
Ey 2
dM dA
R

M dM
E 2
M y dA
R
E term y2dA=I, which known as the
M y 2 dA
R second moment of area.
THE FLEXURE FORMULA
E 2
M y dA The maximum normal stress due to bending,
R
Mc
EI m
M I
R
M E

I y R
My

I
Example case 1

Example case 2
4.1.4 Calculate the following, for the given standard section:

a.Based on the cross section


geometry, calculate the
location of the section
centroid: b. Based on the cross section
geometry, calculate the
ydA
yc
dA I I
moment of inertia: 2
Ah
Parallel-axis
Theorem
A i y i (200 300)(150) 2(90 260)(150)
y
A i ( 200 300) 2(90 260)
y 150mm

200 3003 90 2603


I N.A 2
12
186,360,000mm 4
12
OR
1.86 10 4 m 4

I x I x ' Ah 2
bd 3
Ix Ah 2
12
200 3003 90 2603
Ix (200)(300)(150 150) 2
2
(90)( 260)(150 150) 2
12 12
I x 186,360,000mm 4 1.86 10 4 m 4
4.1.5 Use the table of characteristics in standard section.
GEOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF
STRUCTURAL STEEL MEMBERS
PROBLEM 1

Solution:
Based on Parallel-axis Theorem, we can find the
moment of inertia, I
PROBLEM 2
Based on the cross section geometry, calculate the
location of the section centroid and the moment of
inertia.