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chapter 41

- RC Beam Torsion Design
- Ch 11 Shape Factors in Materials Selection
- trb015
- Composite Beam Design Manual
- Civil Engg Interview Questions
- Development of Design Charts for the Deflection of a Loaded Circular Plate Resting on the Pasternak Foundation
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STRENGTH OF

MATERIALS

AZUNAIDI B. ABDUL AZIZ

POLIMAS

SYLLABUS

1.0 FORCES ON MATERIALS

2.0 THERMAL STRESSES AND

COMPOSITE BARS

3.0 SHEAR FORCES AND BENDING

MOMENTS

4.0 BENDING STRESSES

5.0 BEAM DEFLECTION

6.0 TORSION

4.1 Understand the bending

stresses

4.1.1 Name the

quantity represented by

each THE

letter in the

FLEXURE

generalFORMULA

bending

formula:

4.1.2 Explain the bending stress

changes at the section of the

beam in bending.

Stressvariation

across beam

section.

Stress action:

- normal to cross

section of beam

- proportional to its

distance from

neutral axis

4.1.3 Show by sketch, the meaning of

radius of curvature for the beam in

bending.

The assumptions on Theory of Simple

Bending:

4.1.3 Show by sketch, the meaning of radius of curvature for the beam in

bending.

THE FLEXURE FORMULA

Consider any plane in the beam with cross section as

shown in the figure. Ey

The stress on a fiber at distance y from the N.A. is ,

R

Total moment for the whole cross section dF dA

is dM ydF

Ey Ey

dF dA dF dA

R R

Ey

dM y dA

R

Ey 2

dM dA

R

M dM

E 2

M y dA

R

E term y2dA=I, which known as the

M y 2 dA

R second moment of area.

THE FLEXURE FORMULA

E 2

M y dA The maximum normal stress due to bending,

R

Mc

EI m

M I

R

M E

I y R

My

I

Example case 1

Example case 2

4.1.4 Calculate the following, for the given standard section:

geometry, calculate the

location of the section

centroid: b. Based on the cross section

geometry, calculate the

ydA

yc

dA I I

moment of inertia: 2

Ah

Parallel-axis

Theorem

A i y i (200 300)(150) 2(90 260)(150)

y

A i ( 200 300) 2(90 260)

y 150mm

I N.A 2

12

186,360,000mm 4

12

OR

1.86 10 4 m 4

I x I x ' Ah 2

bd 3

Ix Ah 2

12

200 3003 90 2603

Ix (200)(300)(150 150) 2

2

(90)( 260)(150 150) 2

12 12

I x 186,360,000mm 4 1.86 10 4 m 4

4.1.5 Use the table of characteristics in standard section.

GEOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF

STRUCTURAL STEEL MEMBERS

PROBLEM 1

Solution:

Based on Parallel-axis Theorem, we can find the

moment of inertia, I

PROBLEM 2

Based on the cross section geometry, calculate the

location of the section centroid and the moment of

inertia.

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