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CLIMATE CHANGE AND

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
GOALS

JULIUS CHAVENE
Presentation Outline
Climate Change and its Impacts

Climate Change and Development

Sustainable Development

Climate Change and SDGs

Climate Change-related SDG Targets

Conclusion
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS

Increased temperature extremes


Meteorological droughts
Heavy precipitation events
Increased temperatures
Increases in winter wind speeds
Increased precipitation
Frosting
Heavy downpours
Frequent and intense heat waves
Hurricanes Increased temperatures Tropical cyclones
Windstorms Increased occurrence of Heat waves
Rising sea levels flooding Prolonged dry spells
Drought Intense rainfalls
Snow avalanches
Tornadoes
Thunderstorms
Severe dust storms
Climate Change and Development
Climate change impacts (droughts, floods, extreme weather events such as sea level
rise) contributes to food shortages, increased vector-borne diseases, infrastructure
damage and degradation of natural resources upon which livelihoods are based
Climate change may also undermine development gains achieved so far and make it
difficult to achieve our development objectives including SDGs
However, climate change may in turn be affected by the development choices we
make that will not only influence adaptive capacity but also determine future
greenhouse gas emissions responsible for climate change
Therefore, development as usual without considering climate change risks and
opportunities may inadvertently increase vulnerability to climate change, hence the
need for sustainable development
Sustainable Development
Meeting needs of the present
without compromising the ability
of future generations to meet their
needs.
World Commission on Economic
Development 1987

Development which enables individuals and communities


in underdeveloped regions of the world to raise living
standards through profitable products, consistent with
minimizing adverse environmental effects
Three Pillars of Sustainable Development
Social Sustainability: is
the ability of a social
system to function at a
defined level of social
well being and harmony
indefinitely
Social Environmental Sustainability:
Active participation of women; is the ability of the environment
education; good governance
Equitable to support a define level of
Bearable environmental quality and
Economic Sustainability: natural extraction rates
is the ability of an economy Sustainab indefinitely
to support a defined level of
economic production Economic le
Viable Environment
indefinitely Prevent environmental degradation and
Poverty eradication patterns of unstainable development
The SDGs are
A set of 17 goals for the worlds future, through 2030
Backed up by a set of 169 detailed Targets
Negotiated over a two-year period at the United Nations
Agreed to by nearly all the worlds nations, on 25 Sept
2015
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) incorporate all three dimensions of
sustainable development and their interlinkages

MDGs 2000 - 2015 SDGs 2016 - 2030

1st universal agreed development agenda


Continuation of DG efforts with the ambition to finish targets

8 goals with 18 targets


17 goals with 169 targets

Strong focus on social dimensions


All 3 dimensions of sustainable development are addressed

MDG achievement
Yearly data was incomplete,
reported achievement lacknot
indicators, but of all
time frame
target data
Climate Change and SDGs
Climate change remains the greatest threat to sustainable development impacts basic human needs such
as food and water security, livelihoods and health, and increasing inequalities to further marginalize most
poor and vulnerable around the world
Relevance of climate change to the SDGs is now recognized as a priority issue within the post-2015
development agenda and the SDGs
The Agenda 2030, Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, highlights
the significant gap between global mitigation commitments and the need to halt global temperature rise to
between 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius
Goal 13 of the SDGs has been dedicated to addressing climate change directly, giving visibility to the
importance of the issue; Goal 7 addresses energy use; and targets within many of the other goals support
and direct further action towards mitigation and resilience
A total of 50 of the 169 SDG targets relate to climate change, highlighting the significance of the impact of
climate change upon sustainable development
The new goals recognize that tackling climate change is essential for sustainable development and poverty
eradication. SDG 13 aims to promote urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.
MDGs to SDGs

More goals directly linked to climate change (MDGs: only one)


SDGs as Driver of
the Environmental Shift

Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate


change and its impacts

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the


oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable
development

Goal 15: Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of


terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests,
combat desertification, and halt and reverse land
degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDGs as Driver of
the Environmental Shift and GED

Goal 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable


economic growth, full and productive employment and
decent work for all
Key Climate Change Related SDG Targets
Target 1.5: By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and
vulnerability to climate related extreme events and other economic and social environmental shocks and disasters
Target 2.4: By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices and
increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate
change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality
All targets under SDG 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Target 8.4, Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and
endeavor to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-year framework of
programs on sustainable consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead
Target 11.b: By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing
integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change,
resilience to disasters and develop and implement, in line with the Sendal Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels
Target 12.C: Rationalize inefficient fossil;-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market
distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those
harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts
All targets under SDG 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
In conclusion
Climate change and the SDGs are locked in a symbiotic relationship: while
climate change will significantly impact the success of the SDGs, the SDGs are
able to promote action towards climate mitigation and adaptation
Thank you all