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Mycanaean

Greece
By: Warit Itiisomboon 5961123
Phaskorn Chaiteerayanon 5961066
Pawat Wachirawuttikai 5961046
Nattanon Veerakul 5961029
Timeline
Rise of the Mycenaean
Started in southern and central Greece
About 1600 BCE
Sometimes called the first Greeks because they were the
first to speak the Greek language.
Reached its peak around 1300 BCE
About
The Mycenaeans developed on mainland Greece
1600 BC to 1100 BC.
largest city was called Mycenae
population of around 30,000 people at its peak
They built large trade ships and traveled to places like
Egypt where they traded goods like olive oil and wine for
metals and ivory.
Minoans
The Minoans lived on the Greek islands and built
a huge palace on the island of Crete
around 2600 BC to 1400 BC
own written language called Linear A
began to weaken around 1450 BC
Archeologists think this might have been due to a
natural disaster such as an earthquake
Mycenaeans Conquer the
Minoans
The Mycenaeans took over the islands of the
Minoans and adopted much of the Minoan
culture.
Adapted language from Linear A to Linear B
Fall of the Mycenaeans
began to collapse around 1250 BC
Archeologists are unsure of what caused the
collapse
It might have been foreign invaders such as the
Sea Peoples or the Dorians
It may also have been a natural disaster such as
an earthquake or drought.
Government
Monarchy = ruling in single
person
Oligarchy = ruling in few
people
Tyranny = when Monarchy
get bad
Democracy = ruling in all of
the people
Megaron is throne room that
use for the king council
meeting.
Geography
It is one of the most beautiful areas with
mountains which rise over the palaces
With the rough landscape, farming was difficult
and challenging
It is located between Argos and Nafplion
Cities
Mycenae, Thebes, Athens, Tiryns, and Pylos were regional
towns.
Map
Religion
Polytheistic = believe in many
gods
Went to temple to pray
beyond the importance given
to animal sacrifice, communal
feasting, pouring of libations
and offerings of foodstuffs.
strong links with the Minoan
religion
Gods
Zeus = King of the gods
Hera = Queen of the gods
Hades = God of
underworld
Poseidon = God of the sea
Demeter = Goddess of
harvest
Appolo = God of music,
light, prophecy
Famous people
Agamenon
-Son of King Atreus and Queen
Aerope
-He is the King of Myceae
Diwia
-Also know as Dione
-Mother of Aphrodite
Architectures
reflects the society's war-like culture and its constant
need for protection and fortification.
built citadels on high, rocky outcroppings that provided
natural fortification and overlooked the plains used for
farming and raising livestock.
Arts
adopted from Minoan
expressed in fresco, pottery
and jewelry
geometric designs were
popular
Inventions
Maps
Coins
Trojan horse
Warship
Crossbow
Language & writing
Speak Greek
Linear B
Military
They use phalax formation
Infantries are called hoplite
The figure-eight shield
Boar tusk helmet