MECHANICAL DESIGN

OF PROCESS

EQUIPMENT
(CHE 641/CPE639)
FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING,
FKK, UiTM SHAH ALAM, 2017

SUHAIZA HANIM profile
Office-Lecturer Room level 18
Office No-
Email-
suhaizahanim@salam.uitm.edu.m
y

Course Information COURSE NAME: MECHANICAL DESIGN OF PROCESS EQUIPMENT COURSE CODE: CHE641/CPE639 PROGRAM: EH220/EH241/EH242 SEMESTER: 6 CREDIT HOURS: 3 CONTACT HOURS: 4 COURSE STATUS: CORE PRE REQUISITE: NIL .

FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING.e.Course Synopsis This course imparts the knowledge of the physical and mechanical properties of materials needed for the design of process engineering equipment. mechanical properties analysis such as stress and strain. Topics covered include theories of structure of materials (solids i. theory of failure. ferrous alloy or non. UiTM SHAH ALAM. FKK. finally the mechanical design of pressure vessel and support for chemical process equipment's.ferrous alloy). 2015 .

Identify the structure of various types of engineering materials. stresses and strains and their interrelations in various mechanical structures in different orientation and conditions. equipment such as pressure vessel. UiTM SHAHtheir ALAM.Course Outcomes (COs) •CO1-Performes engineering calculations related to mechanical properties of materials such as forces. FKK. explain the methods to determine their properties and apply the knowledge of materials selection for construction of process equipment •CO3-Apply the knowledge of engineering materials to mechanical design of process FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING. •CO2. 2017 .

Methods of Instruction Lecture and tutorials Lecture.3hr/wk Tutorial.1hr/wk .

Lesson Plan .

the student shall be bar from the final exam. An officially approved absence. however. • Lecturer of courses are not obligated to provide make-up opportunities for students who are absent.Class Attendance Policy • Each student is compulsory (100%) to attend all classes including lectures AND tutorials. unless the absence has been officially approved. • If students do not attend 20% of the classes and do not give prior notification to the lecturer of reasons for absence and intent to attend the class. . merely gives the individual who missed the class an opportunity to make up the work and in no way excuses him from the work.

the submission of work that is not one's own or for which other credit has been obtained. 3. The altering or falsification of data. Improper collaboration in group work. . The following illustrates major four forms of academic dishonesty: 1. e.Academic Dishonesty Statement on Academic Dishonesty: Cheating on exams and plagiarism in the preparation of homework will be considered unacceptable conduct.g. 2. Academic sanctions will be taken against all parties involved in the act of cheating and/or plagiarism. A student participating in the act of cheating and/or plagiarism will receive a failing grade in this class. Plagiarism.

shear and allowable stress .Chapter1: Learning Outcomes Identify types of forces and stress Definition of average normal.

opposite directionType pairs of force Definition External All force acting on FBD W(linear distributed load) Applied force/load (dimension of force/length) Concentrated/distributed Concentrated . pressure/temperature Repeat load Load that applied/remove many thousand time Impact load Transfer large amount energy in short time .Classification of forces What is force? •It is an action of 1 body to another. •Exist in equal magnitude. F Area of the contact is small compared to the size of body (act at a point) Reaction Supporting forces Static load (dead weight) Do not vary with time.

N Shear force. V Torsional moment. T Bending moment. is to be able to determine the resultant force and moment acting within a body. M . which are necessary to hold the body together when the body is subjected to external loads Normal force.Internal forces  In mechanical analysis problem.

Torsional Moment or Torque.g Tension • Shear Force. V: lies in the plane of the area and is developed when external loads tend to cause 2 segments to slide over one another. M: caused by the loads that tend to bend the body about an axis .4 types of Resultant Loadings Normal Force. Bending Moment. E. N: Acts perpendicular to the area. T: is developed when the external loads tend to twist one segment with respect to the other.

Type of connection and reaction .

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Equilibrium of rigid body Equilibrium of rigid body-body which is not deform under applied load. 3 dimension but always count on 2 dimension Fy ∑F=0 (force) ∑M=0 (momentum) Fx .

and C are frictionless pin. How many unknown ? For moment choose the right side Point A was selected for the moment equation.Example Problem 1-Force & Reaction Q: The rigid structure shown is subjected to a 5000lb force P.B. ∑Fx=0 + ∑Fy=0 + ∑M=0 +(Anti clockwise) . The connection at joints A. Determine the force A and B on AB.

Draw FBD of entire body Apply necessary equation of equilibrium .Procedure of analysis Decide which segment to be considered. Determine the reaction acting on the chosen segment.

. . and torsional moment (T) at the section. torques and forces acting on the body in their exact locations. Keep all external distributed load. moments. shear force (V). bending moment (M). Section is often taken perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the member. of “cut” segment and indicate unknown resultant normal force (N). Draw FBD. .Procedure of analysis (cont) FBD .

-If its negative.Procedure of analysis (cont)  FBD -at coplanar system of forces. Doing this eliminates the unknown forces N and V and allow direct solution for M. mean that its opposite the directional shown in FBD . only N. V and M act at centroid Equation of equilibrium -Moment should be summed at the section.

Free Body Diagram Analysis .

determine the reaction at A and B .5 kg/m. The beam is supported by a pin at A and roller at B.Force & Reaction A 900 kg mass is supported by a roller that can move along a beam.Example Problem 2. a)Neglect the mass of the beam and determine the reaction at A & B b)If the mass of the beam is 8.

Example Problem 3. .Force & Reaction a) Determine the support reaction b) The internal force system on a section 6 ft to the right of a support at A.

Force & Reaction The cantilever beam is subjected to both concentrated and distributed loads. Determine:- a) the support reactions b) The internal forces on a section 4 m to the right of the support at A .Example Problem 4.