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CODE

IN WORLD WAR I
Codings Military
History
1914 - The Great War begins

Germany
Italy
US Austria-
maintaining Hungary
neutrality
Great Britain
France
Russia
1917 - Zimmerman Telegram

Germany
wants
US alliance with
maintaining Mexico
neutrality
1917 - Zimmerman Telegram

In a secret
communication,
Germany promises
Texas, New Mexico,
Arizona
1917 - Zimmerman Telegram

Communication
intercepted and
decoded by
British
ZIMMERMAN NOTE

German Foreign Minister


(Arthur Zimmerman) sends
top secret coded message

Attempts to draw Mexico into


war (against United States)

Intelligence operation in
Britain, called Room 40,
breaks the code and sends
the message to US
CODE COMMUNICATION

How was the


meaning of the
message
disguised?

What steps do
you think
British analysts
took to crack
the code?
Cryptography
Cryptoanalysis
Making codes

Breaking codes

What tools do you


suppose these
professionals use today?

Where/With whom do they


work?
Cipher
A shift or operation done to
letters to make them secret
A C
B D
H J
X Z

Different from a code


because a code can have
meaning, a cipher is simply a
series of steps.

Then, what does decipher


mean?
Code

In this codebook,
what does
Accountant
mean?

How is this similar


and different from
ciphers?