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ME 231

Thermodynamics-I

Lecture 1
Fall 2016
Instructors Profile
Summary

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Course Contents (Pre-Mid
I. Introduction & Basic Concepts
Term)
Thermodynamics, system and boundary, specific volume,
Pressure and Temperature, Methods to solve
thermodynamics problems

II.Energy & First law of thermodynamics


Forms of mechanical energy, Understanding Work and
Energy, Energy balance of system,

III.Thermodynamic Properties Evaluation


Phase and pure substance, p-v-T relation, Evaluating
pressure, specific volume, temperature, enthalpy and
internal energy,

IV. Energy Analysis of Closed System


Introduction of specific heats, compressibility, evaluating
properties using ideal gas law
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Course Contents (Post-
V.
MidControl
Term) Volume Analysis using Energy
Conservation of mass for control volume, forms and
applications of mass rate balance, Conservation of energy
for control volume, Applications to Nozzles, diffusers,
turbines, compressors and pumps, Throttling devices

VI. Second Law of Thermodynamics


Introduction and statements of second law, Irreversible and
reversible process, Interpreting Kelvin-Plank statement,
Aspects of Power, refrigeration and heat pump cycles in
terms of second law, Carnot cycle, Calusius inequality

VII. Using Entropy


Entropy and its evaluation, T-ds equation, Entropy change
in an irreversible process, Entropy rate balance of closed
systems and control volumes, Directionality of processes,
Isentropic processes and efficiencies of nuzzles,
compressors, pumps
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Course Material
I. Textbook
Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach, 8th Edition
(SI Units), (2014),
By
Yunus A. Cengel, Michael A. Boles

II.Reference Books
Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, 7th Edition,
(2011),
By
Michael J. Moran, Howard N. Shapiro, Daisie D. Boettner,
Margaret B. Bailey

Introduction of Thermodynamics: Classical & Statistical, 3rd


Edition, (1991)
by
Sonntag and Van Wylen

III. Lecture Handouts 5


PPT slides available at
Course Learning Objectives &
Outcomes
FME ME 231 Thermodynamics I (3 CH)
Course Learning Outcomes (CLOs)
Learni
CLO
CLO Statement PLO ng
#
Level
The students will be able to understand the basics
of thermodynamics and its application in various
CLO
industrial components by using mathematical and PLO1 C2
1
problem solving abilities.

CLO The students will be able to solve fundamental


engineering problems of thermodynamics. PLO2 C3
2
The students will be able to carry out energy and
CLO entropy balance for closed and open systems using
PLO5 C4
3 analytical and computational tooling.

CLO: Course Learning Outcome


PLO: Program Learning Outcome
C: Cognitive Learning Level 6
Grading Policy
Assignment Sessions: 10%
Quizzes: 15%
Computational Assignment: 10%
Mid Exam: 25%
Final Exam: 40%

Attendance Policy
80% attendance is mandatory to appear in final
exam.
After 5 mins of start of class, no attendance will
be marked.
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Institute leave policy will be followed.
Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics is the science of energy.

Energy is the ability to cause changes.

Thermodyna
mics

Therme Dynami
(Heat) cs
(Power)
1st Steam Pump: Thomas Savery (1697)
1st Commercial Steam Engine: Thomas Newcomen
(1712)

1st Publication: Lord Kelvin (1849)


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1st Book: William Rankine (1859)
Classification of
Thermodynamics

Thermodyna
mics

Classical Statistical
Thermodynamic Thermodynamic
s s

(Macroscopic) (Microscopic)

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Applications of
Thermodynamics

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Applications of
Thermodynamics

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Future Courses in FME based on
Thermodynamics-I
a) Thermodynamics-II

b) Heat Transfer

c) Internal Combustion Engines

d) Power Plants

e) Gas Dynamics

f) Energy Engineering

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