Madame Marie Curie

&
The Science of Radioactivity

By Claire Goelst

Early Life
•Born on November 7,
1867 in Warsaw,
Poland
•Given name was
Marya Sklodowska,
but her family and
friends called her
“Little Manya”

Early Life cont.
•Her father was a
professor of math
and physics
•Her mother was a
pianist, singer, and
teacher
•Her mother died of
tuberculosis when
Marya was 11

Schooling •Graduated high school when she was 15 • In 1891 she enrolled at the Sorbonne in Paris as “Marie” and graduated in 1893 .

Pierre • She married Pierre Curie in July 1895 .

Thesis Work •She decided that her thesis for her doctorate would be on Henri Becquerel’s mysterious “x- rays” that are given off by uranium .

then you get a certain amount of ray intensity. Work with Uranium • Discovered that if you have a certain amount of uranium. no matter what you did to the material .

she named this effect “radioactivity” .Uranium Continued •Marie discovered that there was something going on inside the atom that created the rays.

Radioactivity •She discovered that the only known elements that were radioactive were uranium and thorium .

but with a different substance. pitchblende . Polonium •Pierre stopped his work on crystals to work with Marie •Marie continued her work.

•In July 1898 they extracted a new element that was even more radioactive than uranium •They called this new substance polonium in honor of Marie’s homeland . Polonium Cont.

it was named radium . Radium •In January of 1899 another new element was discovered that was over 1 million times more radioactive than uranium.

as •In 1910 Marie well as being isolated pure able to damage radium metal living flesh . Radium Continued •Her major studies showed that radium gave out light and heat.

•In order to obtain one decigram of pure radium chloride salt. Marie had to sift through hundreds of tons of pitchblende . Radium cont.

Properties of Radium •Radium is silver-white in color •Today it is used in small amounts as a cancer treatment and in fluorescent paint .

Pierre’s Death •Pierre Curie was killed tragically by a horse-drawn cart in 1906 .

Teaching •It was decided that Marie should take over Pierre’s teaching job at the Sorbonne in 1906 •This made Marie the 1st woman professor at any French university .

to be used mainly for medical research . Paris Radium Institute •In 1907 Marie convinced the French government to fund a radium research institute.

Health Problems •Marie believed that working with radium was not a danger to her health. doctors today have proven that she was very wrong . however.

Health cont. •In 1911 Marie collapsed from depression and severe kidney problems that were a result of her long- time exposure to radium .

Radium Institute cont. and named after Marie’s deceased husband . •In August 1914 the Radium Institute was finished.

herself and her daughter Irene . World War II •Shortly after the institute was finished. Germany invaded France •Marie’s staff was cut short to two people.

•Immediately after the War broke out Marie donated all of her money to the War fund. World War II cont. and signed up to be a nurse .

X-ray Mobiles •Marie decided that there should be x-ray machines that the war doctors could use on the battle field for soldiers .

X-ray mobiles cont. •Marie created 20 mobile x-ray machines and over 200 stationary machines .

Radon •Marie also invented tiny glass tubes that were filled with radon ( a radioactive gas) .

Radon cont. •Doctors would insert the tubes in patients at spots where the radiation would destroy diseased tissue .

After the War •After the War ended in 1918 Marie spent a lot of time with her two daughters Irene and Eve .

•After two or three years with her daughters she resumed her work with radium at the Paris institute .After the War cont.

Declining Health •She began •Marie had to notice been burns on working at her hands the radium and her institute in failing good health eyesight for almost somewhere 12 years around 1932 .

Late Life •Marie’s blood had been weakened by her constant exposure to radium •This caused her to catch aplastic anemia .

1934 . •Marie eventually contracted leukemia and died on July 14. Late Life cont.

Awards •Marie was awarded numerous small awards during her life such as having her picture placed on a stamp! .

•Marie was awarded the Nobel prize in physics in 1903 for her work with X- rays •She was also awarded the Nobel prize in chemistry in 1911 for her work with radium .Awards cont.

I especially like Chinese food and Mac n’ cheese. . and talking!!!!!! I’m incredibly tall and I have red hair!!!! I have two sisters and one brother. About Me!!! Hi!I’m Claire! I like food-all kinds. they are all older than me. chickens(yes a little odd I know). And I like horses.

2003 ed. •Notable Women Scientists.Farmington Hills.1995.” Scientists: The Lives and Works of 150 Scientists. Chicago:Children’s Press.”World Book Encyclopedia. ”Radium.1996 ed. Pierre Curie. •Tames.1989.Duward. . •Shriver.Marie Curie. Bibliography •“Marie Curie.New York:Franklin Watts Inc. •Stille.Richard..Extraordinary Women Scientists.MI:the Gale Group.1999.Darlene.

<http://en. 2005.aip.org/wiki/ Marie_Sklodowska_Curie> . American Institute of Physics. May 1.wikipedia.Wikipedia. 28 April .2005. 30 April. Bibliography cont.2005 <http://www. 2000.org/history/curie/> •Marie Sklodowska-Curie. •Marie Curie and the Science of Radioactivity.