AutoCAD Tutorial

(introductory level)

Topics
1. Introduction
1. Working environment : Drawing area, Menus, Tools bars, Buttons.

2. Interaction: How to execute a command.

2. Create a drawing
3. Preparation: Format a layer and dimension style.

4. Drawing a shape: Commands & Tools (i.e. Ortho mode (F8), object snap (F3))

5. Modifying a shape: Commands

6. Dimensioning: Commands
3. Print a drawing

7. Plotting

1. Working
environment

Start the program 1 2 .

Property Drawing area 5. Dimension 4. Draw Command line Status line . Layer 7. Object snap 3. Standard 6. Screen Menu bar 1. Modify 2.

Click “Color” (select your prefer color. Click “Display” 3. Click “Uniform background” 4 5 6 6. Customizing a Background Menu bar: 2 1. Click “Colors…” 3 Drawing Window Colors: 4.) . Click “Tool” >> “Options” Options: 2. Click “2D model space” 5.

Draw 3. Object snap construction 5. Layer 7. Properties . Modify Geometric 4. Dimension 6.Commonly used toolbars 1. Standard 2.

Undo (Redo button is placed on the right) 4. File (New. Zoom With a mouse scroll wheel .Rolling forward to “Zoom in” . Open. Pan 5. Standard 1 2 3 4 5 1.Rolling backward to “Zoom out” . Save) 2.1. Plot 3.

Arc 6. Polygon 4. Multiline text 3.2. Hatching 2. Rectangle 5. Polyline 8. Circle . Line 7. Draw 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1.

Copy selection 10. Mirror 11. Round 5. Break at point 3. Trim (same as clicking a “delete” button) 9. Move 7. Offset 12.3. Array 6. Modify 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1. Extend 2. Chamfer 4. Rotate . Erase 8.

Quadrant 6. (Snap to) End point 7. Tangent . Perpendicular 2. Intersection 4. Object snap 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1. Center 5.4. Midpoint 8. Parallel 3.

Aligned 3.5. Radius 4. Linear 2. Center mark . Diameter 5. Angular 6. Dimension 1 2 3 4 5 6 1.

6. Layer 1 On/ Lock/ Layer Off Unlock name 1. Click “Layer property manager” .

7. Properties Color Linetype Lineweight .

Right click on a toolbar area 2. 2 Customizing a Toolbar 1. Select “ACAD” 3. 3 . Click on a listed item to open (or close) toolbar.

2. Interaction .

Execute a command 1. Click the button on a toolbar . Enter a “keyword or command” in a command line 2. Select from list in menu bar (or right click on the drawing area to open a short cut menu) 3.

Method 1
Key in a “keyword” in a command line.
Follows a step-by-step option or guidance.

Example : Draw a circle

Executed
command
Option/
Properties

Method 2
Select a “keyword” from a list in menu bar.
Follows a step-by-step option or guidance in command line.
Example : Draw a circle

1

The current step that is displayed a command line is

2
3

Method 3
Click the button in a toolbar.
Follows a step-by-step option or guidance in command line.
Example : Draw a circle

Click .

3. Preparation .

center line. dimension. Key in “Hidden line” 5. Click . Click . Menu bar: Click “Format” >> “Layer” 2. Key in “Thin line” 4. Key in “Dimension” 7. Click . Exercise Format layer : Create a new layer Create the layers for visible line. Click “OK” . Key in “Visible line” 3. Click . Key in “Text” 9. 1. Click . hidden line. hatching and text. Click . Key in “Hatching” 8. Key in “Center line” 6. Click . thin line.

2. Click “OK”. Select “DASHED” and Click “OK”. Click “Load”. Click “Load”. Select “CENTER” and Click “OK”. . 4. Menu bar: Click “Format” >> “Linetype”. 3. Exercise Format layer : Setting a linetype 1/2 1.

Click “OK”. 7. click “OK”. Click “DASHED”. 9.Click “Linetype” of a layer “Center line”. Exercise Format layer : Setting a linetype 2/2 5. 6 5 8 7 . click “OK”. 6. Open “Layer Properties manager”. Click “Linetype” of a layer “Hidden line” 8. Click “CENTER”.

click “OK”. 3. Exercise Format layer : Setting a lineweight 1.6 mm”. Click “OK”. Open “Layer Properties manager”. Click “0. Click “Lineweight” of a layer “Visible line” 2. .

Answer .

Click “Modify”. Menu bar: Click “Format” >> “Dimension style” 2. Exercise Format dimension style 1/5 1. 2 .

Change “Dimension lines” and “Extension lines” to the following format. Click tab “Line” 4. 3 . Exercise Format dimension style 2/5 3.

Exercise Format dimension style 3/5 5. 5 . Click tab “Symbols and Arrows” 6. Change “Arrowheads” to the following format.

Click tab “Text” 8. 7 8 . Change “Text style” and “Text color” to the following format. Exercise Format dimension style 4/5 7.

Exercise Format dimension style 5/5 9. 11. Change “Precision” and “Decimal separator” to the following format. Click “OK” 9 . Click tab “Primary Units” 10.

4. Drawing a shape .

e. @50<60) . • key in a cartesian coordinate.27 ) • key in a polar coordinate . •[ ] is used for option • ( ) is used for explanation •< > is used for default value Location of a point can be assigned by • mouse click on the drawing area or on a specific point of an object.angle (CCW from the horizontal axis) (i.Notes Meaning of symbols in AutoCAD command line. 50.distance (from a specified beginning point) and .e. i. (two numbers separate by a comma.

0 Specify next point or [Undo]: 50.50 Specify next point or [Undo]: press ESC 2 Command: line Sketch it Specify first point: 0.0 Specify next point or [Undo]: @50<45 Specify next point or [Undo]: press ESC . Class activity Line 1 Command: line Sketch it Specify first point: 0.

60 Sketch it .15 Specify other corner point or [Area/Dimensions/Rotation]: @100. Class activity Rectangle 1 Command: rectangle Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]: 15.

Class activity Polygon 1 Command: polygon Sketch it Enter number of sides <4>: 6 Specify center of polygon or [Edge]: 60.60 Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/ Circumscribed about circle] <I>: c Specify radius of circle: 15 2 Command: polygon Sketch it Enter number of sides <4>: 6 Specify center of polygon or [Edge]: 60.60 Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/ Circumscribed about circle] <I>: i Specify radius of circle: 15 .

0000>: 20 2 Command: circle Sketch it Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 3p Specify first point on circle: 10. Class activity Circle 1 Command: circle Sketch it Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 50.10 Specify second point on circle: 70.50 Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] <10.30 3 Command: circle Sketch it Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: Ttr Specify point on object for first tangent of circle: [ the 1st line] Specify point on object for second tangent of circle:[ the 2nd line] Specify radius of circle <59.70 Specify third point on circle: 50.6074>: 40 .

50 Specify start point of arc: @30<30 Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length]: @50<120 .50 Specify start point of arc: @30<0 Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length]: a Specify included angle: 120 2 Command: arc Sketch it Specify start point of arc or [Center]: c Specify center point of arc: 50. Class activity Arc 1 Command: arc Sketch it Specify start point of arc or [Center]: c Specify center point of arc: 50.

3. Click “OK” Sketch it Sketch it 6 . Right click 6. 2 2 5. Select pattern 2. Click button “Add: Pick points” 4. Set angle and scale. Class activity Hatch 3 1 Command: hatch 1. Click inside the closed area.

If ortho mode is set on. . all lines are drawn only along the x-y directions.Press [F8] to turn on or off object snap mode. off on .Ortho mode on/off .

Status bar off on Right click . Object snap mode on/off Press [F3] to turn on or off object snap mode.

5. Modifying a shape .

30 3 Specify second point or <use first point as displacement>: @50<30 Sketch it Sketch it Sketch it A A A B B B . Class activity Move 1 Command: move Select objects: 1 found Select objects: (If finished. click mouse right button) Specify base point or [Displacement] <Displacement>: click on a point B Specify second point or <use first point as displacement>: @50.30 2 Specify second point or <use first point as displacement>: 50.

Class activity Copy selection 1 Command: copy Select objects: 1 found Select objects: click mouse right button Specify base point or [Displacement] <Displacement>: click on a point B Specify second point or <use first point as displacement>: @50.30 Sketch it A B .

Class activity Mirror 1 Command: mirror Select objects: Specify opposite corner: 4 found Select objects: (If finished. click mouse right button) Specify first point of mirror line: click on a point A Specify second point of mirror line: click on a point B Erase source objects? [Yes/No] <N>: n Sketch it A object B .

Class activity Offset 1 Command: offset Specify offset distance or [Through/Erase/Layer] <Through>: 30 Select object to offset or [Exit/Undo] <Exit>: click on the object Specify point on side to offset or [Exit/Multiple/Undo] <Exit>: click on the drawing area Sketch it Sketch it .

Class activity Array 1 Command: array Array dialog box will appear.Input rows. angle of array. 6.Select type of an array Rectangular 2. row offset. columns. column offset. Click on an object. D 4. Click button “OK” Sketch it object . C 3. A B 1. Right click.Click button “Select object”. E 5.

Select option “Rotate items as copied” or not 6. 3.1 Click on a center point.Input A and B. A 3.2.Select type of an array : Polar 2. 3. Right click. 4. 1.1 Click on an object. Click button “OK” Sketch it object . 5. Class activity Array 2 Command: array Array dialog box will appear.Click button “Select object”.2 Right click. Click button “Center point” 4. B 4.

click mouse right button) Specify base point: click on a point A Specify rotation angle or [Copy/Reference] <0>: 30 Sketch it Sketch it A A . Class activity Rotate 1 Command: rotate Current positive angle in UCS: ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=0 Select objects: 1 found Select objects: (If finished.

click mouse right button) Specify base point: click on a specific point on the object Specify rotation angle or [Copy/Reference] <0>: r Specify the reference angle <196>: click on point C Specify second point: click on point D Specify the new angle or [Points] <0>: p Specify first point: click on a point A Specify second point: click on a point B Given Sketch it A C D B . Class activity Rotate 2 Command: rotate Current positive angle in UCS: ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=0 Select objects: 1 found Select objects: (If finished.

Class activity Trim 1 Command: trim Current settings: Projection=UCS. Edge=None Select cutting edges . Select objects or <select all>: Click on line AB Select objects: (If finished... click mouse right button) A Given Sketch it B . click mouse right button) Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or [Fence/Crossing/Project/Edge/eRase/Undo]: Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or [Fence/Crossing/Project/Edge/eRase/Undo]: (If finished.

. Edge=None Select boundary edges . Class activity Extend 1 Command: extend Current settings: Projection=UCS. Select objects or <select all>: Click on line CD Select objects: (If finished. Select object to extend or shift-select to trim or [Fence/Crossing/Project/Edge/Undo]: (If finished.. click mouse right button) Sketch it Sketch it D C D A C A B E B F . click mouse right button) Select object to extend or shift-select to trim or [Fence/Crossing/Project/Edge/Undo]: Click on point A.

Class activity Break at point Sketch it Sketch it Sketch it .

Class activity Chamfer 1 Command: chamfer (TRIM mode) Current chamfer Dist1 = 0. Dist2 = 0.0000.0000 Select first line or [Undo/Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/mEthod/Multiple]: d Specify first chamfer distance <0.0000>: 5 Select first line or [Undo/Polyline/Distance/ Angle/Trim/mEthod/Multiple]: click on line A Select second line or shift-select to apply corner: click on line B Sketch it A B .0000>: 5 Specify second chamfer distance <5.

0000>: 5 Select first object or [Undo/Polyline/Radius/Trim/Multiple]: click on line A Select second object or shift-select to apply corner: click on line B Sketch it A B .0000 Select first object or [Undo/Polyline/Radius/Trim/Multiple]: r Specify fillet radius <0. Radius = 0. Class activity Fillet 1 Command: fillet Current settings: Mode = TRIM.

6. Dimensioning .

Follows command line Specify first extension line origin or <select object>: Click on point A Specify second extension line origin: Click on point B Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]: Move the crosshair to your prefer position then click.Linear 1. Click on the button 2. Sketch it Sketch it A B A B .

Click on the button 2. Sketch it A B . Follows command line Specify first extension line origin or <select object>: Click on point A Specify second extension line origin: Click on point B Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]: Move the crosshair to your prefer position then click.Aligned 1.

line. Sketch it B A C . circle.Angle 1. Click on the button 2. or <specify vertex>: Click on line AB Select second line: Click on point AC Specify dimension arc line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]: Move the crosshair to your prefer position then click. Follows command line Select arc.

Radius 1. Click on the button 2. Follows command line Select arc or circle: Click on arc AB Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]: Move the crosshair to your prefer position then click. Sketch it A B .

Sketch it . Click on the button 2.Diameter 1. Follows command line Select arc or circle: Click on circle Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]: Move the crosshair to your prefer position then click.

<Ortho on> Click for an end point. Specify text width <0. Sketch it .Leader 1. Follows command line Specify first leader point. Click on the button 2. Move the arrowhead to a circumferential line.0000>: Right click (to skip) Enter first line of annotation text <Mtext>: Key in a text Enter next line of annotation text: Right click (to finish) 3. or [Settings] <Settings>: click on center of a circle Specify next point: Click for a bend point Specify next point: Push F8 if “ortho mode” is off.

Plotting .7.

Plot . Edit a title block 4. Placement and scaling an object.Overall steps 1. Create layout (or paper space) 2. 3.

select Insert >> layout >> layout from template 2. Go to Menu bar. 2 3 4 . 4. Select “ISO A4 Named Plot Styles” and click “Open”. Exercise 1. Click “OK” to close insert layout window. Click Tab “ISO A4 Title Block (portrait)”. Create layout 2 1. 3.

To return to a paper space double click on outside Object viewport area. double click on viewport area. Template . To zoom and pan the object. Viewport (To activate a “floating model space”) frame (continuous line) 2.Screen Demonstration Printable NOTES frame (dash line) 1.

3. Exercise 2. In command line. 2. Placement and scaling 1/2 1. Return to paper space. . Activate a floating model space. key in “zoom” [press ENTER]. “extents” [press ENTER].

Select an appropriate scale with “Standard scale” or “Custom scale”. 3. select “viewport (1)” 4. Click on viewport frame. Placement and scaling 2/2 1. 4 . click 3 Modify >> Properties 2. Go to menu bar. Exercise 2. Go to properties window.

2 . Fill up the attributes. Double click on a text in template area. Edit a title block 1. 2. Exercise 3.

Plotting 1. Complete the following plot dialogue box. click File >> plot 2. Exercise 4. Go to menu bar. .