Fundamentals of Biomedical

Course Objectives
 To understand the terminology and basic
concepts in biomedical engineering.
 To develop an appreciation for biomedical
engineering and awareness of the social
issues involved in the profession.
 To develop specific knowledge in different
aspects of biomedical engineering such as
biomechanics, prostheses, biomaterials,
diagnostics and therapy, biomedical signals,
bioelectronics, biomedical instrumentation,
biomedical imaging and equipment.

oxygen Engineering  Neural Engineering and  Bioelectricity. heat.  Introduction to Biomedical fluid. bio-potentials. prostheses electrophysiology  Biomedical signals and  Biomaterials and tissue images.  Physiological systems Bioelectronics  Cardiovascular  Biomedical imaging and  Neuromuscular Biomedical equipment  Respiratory  Social Issues in Biomedical  Mathematical Modeling Engineering . energy. biosensors. bio- engineering optics  Biomechanics  Biomedical Instrumentation. Fundamentals of Biomedical Engineering Course Outline  Transport processes: mass.

. monitoring and therapy. Biomedical engineering  the application of engineering principles and design concepts to medicine and biology.  This field seeks to close the gap between engineering and medicine. It combines the design and problem solving skills of engineering with medical and biological sciences to improve healthcare diagnosis.

Tissue.Subdisciplines within biomedical engineering • Biomedical • Clinical Electronics Engineering • Medical Imaging • Biomechatronics • Orthopaedic • Bioinstrumentation Bioengineering • Biomaterials • Rehabilitatin engineering • Bimechanics • Systems • Bionics Physiology • Cellular. • Bionanotechnology and Genetic • Neural Engineering Engineering .

often associated with biomechanics.often associated with bioelectrical and neural engineering. and bio-transport. medical devices. • Mechanical engineering . bioinstrumentation. like soft tissue mechanics. biomaterials. imaging and related medical devices. biomedical imaging. bio-transport. This also tends to encompass Optics and Optical engineering - biomedical optics.often associated with biochemical. Disciplines within BME • Chemical engineering . molecular and tissue engineering. and modeling of biological systems. . • Electrical engineering . and medical devices. cellular.

Biotechnology and pharmaceuticals • Biotechnology denotes specific products which use "biological systems. and various agricultural applications are some major classes of . stored blood product). vaccines.g.. genetic engineering. or derivatives thereof. living organisms. Biologics/Biopharmaceuticals (e." • Even some complex "medical devices" can reasonably be deemed "biotechnology" depending on the degree to which such elements are central to their principle of operation.

(The "Device - Bio/Chemical" spectrum is an imperfect dichotomy. biologics) fall under both categories. but one . Biotechnology and pharmaceuticals • Pharmaceuticals are related to biotechnology in two indirect ways: 1) certain major types (e. and 2) together they essentially comprise the "non-medical-device" set of BME applications.g.

Biomedical engineers are currently researching methods of creating such organs. Several artificial urinary bladders actually have been grown in laboratories and transplanted successfully into human patients. such as with hepatic assist devices that use liver cells within an artificial bioreactor construct. Bio-artificial organs. . Researchers have grown solid jawbones and tracheas from human stem cells towards this end. which use both synthetic and biological components. Tissue engineering • Tissue engineering is a major segment of Biotechnology. • One of the goals of tissue engineering is to create artificial organs (via biological material) for patients that need organ transplants. are also a focus area in research.