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Leadership

What is Leadership
To inspire your workers into higher levels of teamwork, and make correct decisions at right time organizations need somebody. Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective by applying their leadership attributes like beliefs, values, ethics, character, knowledge, and skills.

How people become leaders
Bass' theory of leadership
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Some personality traits may lead people naturally into leadership roles A crisis or important event may cause a person to rise to the occasion People can choose to become leaders. People can learn leadership skills

Leadership

Types of Leadership Style

Types of Leadership Style 

Autocratic:
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Leader makes decisions without reference to anyone else High degree of dependency on the leader Can create de-motivation and alienation of staff May be valuable in some types of business where decisions need to be made quickly and decisively

Types of Leadership Style 


Democratic: Encourages decision making from different perspectives ± leadership may be emphasised throughout the organisation
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Consultative: process of consultation before decisions are taken Persuasive: Leader takes decision and seeks to persuade others that the decision is correct

Types of Leadership Style 

Democratic:
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May help motivation and involvement Workers feel ownership of the firm and its ideas Improves the sharing of ideas and experiences within the business Can delay decision making

Types of Leadership Style 

Laissez-Faire:
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µLet it be¶ ± the leadership responsibilities are shared by all Can be very useful in businesses where creative ideas are important Can be highly motivational as people have control over their working life Can make coordination and decision making time consuming and lacking in overall direction Relies on good team work Relies on good interpersonal relations

Types of Leadership Style 
  

Paternalistic: Leader acts as a µfather figure¶ Paternalistic leader makes decision but may consult Believes in the need to support staff

Change Leadership

Change Leadership 


The most challenging aspect of business is leading and managing change Business environment is subject to fast paced economic and social change  

  

Organizations go through four main changes throughout their growth
Formative Period Rapid Growth Period Mature Period Declining Period

Change Leadership 


Modern business must adapt and be flexible to survive Leaders can help the change process by changing their employees' attitude from avoidance into acceptance 

Leaders need to be aware of how change impacts on workers:
Build the change so that others want to be part of it. When you give them part of it, also give them the authority and control to act upon it.

Self-esteem

Change Leadership
6. Search out: 5. Depression: as reality 4. Minimisation: As the 3. Testing for meaning: 2. Acceptance/letting go: 1. Immobilisation Individuals begin clearer, The lowest point in ofmay changeas dawn staff work begins to rumours self± becomes to the esteemtry to circulate, the people 7finally and angry, withalienatedfit and see interact with thein the feel the change change, change sees people change with theirquestions starting to to lack of able to they they mightfeels control feelings of a askbe some how start accept own individual the inevitable.change and may personal position work for to events overtake the makesense Fear of people of see the of shock and how they might future±is a the depressed as try topossible disbelief ± work withfeel that itbegins them believe change. and they feature ofwill self esteem this not affect them. thatwhat stage. much so to rise. to reconcile they they try so 7. Internalisation: is happening with their own deem it worthy of the change is personal situation. doing nothing. understood and adopted within the 6 individual¶s own understanding ± they now know how to work with it and feel a renewed sense of confidence and self esteem.

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Theories of Leadership

Theories of Leadership  

Trait theories:
A person with strong character shows drive, energy, determination, self-discipline, willpower, and nerve. 

There are a set of characteristics that determine a good leader?
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Personality Dominance and personal presence Self confidence Achievement Ability to formulate a clear vision

Theories of Leadership 

Trait theories:

Traits are distinguishing qualities or characteristics of a person, while character is the sum total of these traits like  Honesty  Forward-looking  Intelligent  Broad-minded, seek out diversity  Imaginative

Theories of Leadership 


Behavioural: Imply that leaders can be trained ± focus on the way of doing things
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Structure based behavioural theories ± focus on the leader instituting structures ± task orientated Relationship based behavioural theories ± focus on the development and maintenance of relationships ± process orientated

Theories of Leadership 
 

Contingency Theories: Leadership as being more flexible ± different leadership styles used at different times depending on the circumstance. Suggests leadership is not a fixed series of characteristics that can be transposed into different contexts

Theories of Leadership 

May depend on:
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Type of staff History of the business Culture of the business Quality of the relationships Nature of the changes needed Accepted norms within the institution

Factors Affecting Style

Factors Affecting Style 

Leadership style may be dependent on various factors:
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Risk - decision making and change initiatives based on degree of risk involved Type of business ± creative business or supply driven? How important change is ± change for changes sake? Organisational culture ± may be long embedded and difficult to change Nature of the task ± needing cooperation? Direction? Structure?

OBJECTIVES OF GOOD LEADERSHIP  

Growing a team think yourself as a team leader, having
authority & responsibility of others.

Form matrix teams include work groups, cross functional
teams, task forces, problem solving teams, committees by taking people from diverse background 



Lead the team by making proper goals and asking team
members to accomplish organization¶s goal.

Removing the communication problems and barriers
within the organization

OBJECTIVES OF GOOD LEADERSHIP 


To do proper planning to achieve targets Managing diversity by developing safe atmosphere for work for all employees, seeking information's from diverse people, inviting people who are different from u to informal gatherings and creating a team sprirt in which each think a part of it. Motivating team, Influencing someone's motivation means getting them to want to do what you know must be done. People can be motivated by such forces as beliefs, values, interests, fear, and worthy causes.  

Leader can motivate employees by rewarding good behavior, including them in planning process, keeping them informed and fulfilling their primary needs. 

As a leader you have to know the human behavior of employees working under you to motivate them and to gain their support by knowing what they demand or need.

conclusion
Good leaders are made not born. If you have the desire and willpower, you can become an effective leader, and a good leader is essential for any organization. QUESTIONS & ANSWERS